Congressional Briefing 10222009

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Congressional Briefing 10222009

  1. 1. Comprehensive Safety Analysis CSA 2010 Update Congressional Briefing October 22, 2009 U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
  2. 2. CSA 2010 Presentation Overview <ul><li>Where we have been. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why we are doing it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CSA 2010 Design </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where we are now. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational Model Test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preliminary Results </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where we are going. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plans for rollout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What will change and what will be gained </li></ul></ul>|
  3. 3. CSA 2010 Where we have been.
  4. 4. FMCSA’s Challenge: Industry Volume <ul><li>Significantly more carriers than federal/state investigators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FMCSA regulates ~725,000 interstate and foreign-based truck and bus companies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compliance Review (CR) is effective, but it is labor intensive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– Only able to reach < 2% (~12,000) of total carrier population annually </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. FMCSA’s Existing Model <ul><li>SafeStat </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance Review Process </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Ratings tied to Compliance Review </li></ul>
  6. 6. Comprehensive Safety Analysis 2010 – New Model <ul><li>CSA 2010 introduces three new components to FMCSA’s enforcement and compliance model: </li></ul><ul><li>1. New Safety Measurement System (SMS) to replace SafeStat </li></ul><ul><li>Improved ability to identify demonstrated safety problems </li></ul><ul><li>2. New intervention process to augment compliance reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Employs an array of interventions instead of one single labor-intensive option –the compliance review </li></ul><ul><li>3. New approach to the Safety Fitness Determination (SFD) SFD tied to current safety performance; not limited to acute/critical violations from a Compliance Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SFD requires rulemaking, not necessarily part of rollout in July 2010 </li></ul></ul>|
  7. 7. Comprehensive Safety Analysis 2010-Design <ul><li>Designed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of FMCSA’s enforcement and compliance program: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using ALL safety-based roadside inspection results and crash reports to identify a carrier’s safety deficiencies and unsafe commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employing a wider array of interventions tailored to problems instead of solely conducting the time-intensive Compliance Review process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling more carriers to be contacted earlier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requiring sustained accountability of carriers AND increases accountability of CMV drivers </li></ul></ul>|
  8. 8. CSA 2010 Where we are now.
  9. 9. CSA 2010 Operational Model Test <ul><li>Operational Model Test in 8 states: </li></ul><ul><li>Began February 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Planned completion June 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to test validity, efficiency and effectiveness of new model </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation to be conducted by independent 3 rd party – University of Michigan (UMTRI) </li></ul><ul><li>Original test states included 50% of : Colorado, Georgia, Missouri, New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>Added 100% states in May and this fall of ‘09: Montana, Minnesota, Kansas, and Maryland </li></ul>|
  10. 10. Preliminary Results <ul><li>Employing new measurement system helps to better identify on-road safety performance issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal and independent analysis show strong relationship between identified behavioral areas and crash risk </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Analysis Results - Unsafe Driving BASIC
  12. 12. Analysis Results- Fatigued Driving BASIC
  13. 13. Preliminary Results <ul><li>Employing the full array of investigations to achieve efficiency and effectiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Investigations in test states have been done in the following proportions: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Onsite Investigations – Comprehensive (~25%) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>note: onsite is required for all high risk carriers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Onsite Investigations – Focused (~45%) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Offsite Investigations (~30%) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To date, the OM Test is demonstrating a 20% increase in number of investigations per investigator </li></ul></ul></ul>|
  14. 14. Preliminary Results <ul><li>New intervention tools influencing safety compliance </li></ul><ul><li>More strategic application of enforcement and follow on activities towards behaviors known to cause crashes </li></ul><ul><li>50% of investigations include one of the following follow-on activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notice of Claim </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notice of Violation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperative Safety Plan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Driver-Specific follow-on activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notice of Violation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notice of Claim </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>|
  15. 15. Preliminary Results <ul><li>Warning letters are having a positive impact: </li></ul><ul><li>4,046 sent from Feb 2008 (Inception of Operational Model Test) to Aug 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>2,006 (~50%) of recipients logged in CSI website to view their safety assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback from test states indicate that carriers appreciate the early alert “…carrier officials thanked us for notifying them of their safety problems… once carrier officials understand that the new system enables them to identify their problem drivers, a light goes on. They see CSA 2010 as a tool that they can use to stress the importance of roadside inspections with their drivers, to hold their drivers accountable for their on-road safety performance, and to thereby improve their companies’ overall safety performance.” - Daniel Drexler, Division Administrator in Minnesota </li></ul>|
  16. 16. Preliminary Results: State Perspective <ul><li>CSA 2010 enhances more than just investigations in the state (MCSAP) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases emphasis on roadside data uniformity and accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotes strategic alignment of two primary traffic safety improvement initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raises the bar for all traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>safety improvement initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impact on job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety professionals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reactions from employees </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Preliminary Results - Summary <ul><li>Employing new Safety Measurement System (SMS) better identifies on-road safety performance issues </li></ul><ul><li>Results indicate supplementing the Compliance Review (onsite-comprehensive investigation) with additional tools is efficient and effective </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CSA 2010 investigates 20% more carriers with safety deficiencies using the same number of resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The warning letter is compelling carriers to recognize and address their safety deficiencies. Most of these carriers would not be contacted under today’s compliance and enforcement program. </li></ul></ul></ul>|
  18. 18. CSA 2010 Where we are going.
  19. 19. What is Changing? <ul><li>The way FMCSA assesses safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifies unsafe carrier and driver behaviors that lead to crashes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses all safety-based roadside inspection violations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How FMCSA addresses carrier safety issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaches more carriers earlier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improves efficiency of investigations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focuses on specific unsafe behaviors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identifies carrier process breakdowns </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Defines and requires corrective actions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>How FMCSA promotes safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forces carriers/drivers to be accountable for their safety performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demands and enforces safe on-road performance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes more complete safety performance assessments publicly available </li></ul></ul>|
  20. 20. SAFETEA-LU (Section 4138) High Risk Carriers <ul><li>The way FMCSA meets the intent of SAFETEA-LU to identify High Risk carriers for on-site investigations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FMCSA plans to use the new SMS rather than SafeStat to identify high risk carriers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SMS considers the depth of a single serious problem as well as the breadth of multiple problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offers a better predictor of carriers that pose a higher crash risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Effectiveness testing shows group of high-risk carriers using new approach has a slightly higher crash rate and significantly more crashes overall (68% more) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At least as many carriers identified as high risk using new measurement system </li></ul></ul>|
  21. 21. CSA 2010 National Rollout <ul><li>FMCSA has a strategic nationwide rollout plan that will: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occur upon completion of the Operational Model test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be implemented on schedule in Summer 2010 and include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. New Safety Measurement System (SMS) to replace SafeStat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industry preview prior to rollout </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. New intervention process to augment CR process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Summer through December includes a phased strategic roll-out of the new intervention tools (warning letter, offsite investigation, onsite-focused investigation) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will not include the new approach to the Safety Fitness Determination (SFD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SFD requires rulemaking, not part of rollout in July 2010 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. What We are asking Carriers To Do Now <ul><li>Get Ready: </li></ul><ul><li>Learn more about CSA: http://csa2010.fmcsa.dot.gov </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the BASICs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the site for implementation schedule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign up for latest news: RSS/listserv </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participate in Listening Session Webinars (12/3 rd and 10 th ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Check and update records </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motor Carrier Census (Form MCS -150) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspection and crash reports </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ensure compliance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review inspections and violation history over the past 2 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Address safety problems now </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educate drivers about how their performance impacts their own driving record and the safety assessment of the carrier </li></ul></ul>|
  23. 23. CSA 2010 Summary
  24. 24. CSA 2010 - In Summary <ul><li>CSA 2010 enables FMCSA and its state partners to contact carriers with deficiencies earlier to address safety problems before they occur </li></ul><ul><li>CSA 2010 increases the effectiveness and efficiency of the Agency's enforcement and compliance model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In-test, CSA 2010, investigates 20% more carriers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warning letters are compelling carriers to recognize and address their safety deficiencies. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New SMS identifies more high risk carriers for onsite investigations </li></ul><ul><li>New interventions will provide carriers with support to identify root causes and address safety problems </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed SFD is not required for rollout, but when implemented, will improve safety on the nation’s roads </li></ul><ul><li>Continued emphasis on enforcement will compel compliance </li></ul>

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