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Learningtheoriesppt 100415125913-phpapp01

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  • 1. Cognitivist Learning theory
    By: C. S.
  • 2. What is Cognitivist Learning Theory?
    Active process of constructing knowledge rather than acquiring it
    Behavior analysis measures the effect of these activities on learning
    Different than Behaviorism because “thinking” plays a major role
  • 3. Theory Contributors
    Allan Paivio (1925-)
    Verbal and Visual combinations help people recall information
    Dual Coding Theory
    People process information in two ways:
    Images
    Language
    Three sub categories:
    Representational-
    Referential- nonverbal cues activate verbal processes (or vice versa)
    Associative- Both text and graphics are used for mental recognition
  • 4. Theory Contributors
    Robert Gagne (1916-2002)
    Concepts build on one another
    Building Block Principle:
    Verbal Information (base)
    Intellectual Skills (midsection)
    Cognitive Strategies (midsection)
    Motor Skills (midsection)
    Attitudes (apex)
  • 5. Theory Contributors
    Howard Gardner (1943-)
    Theory of Multiple Intelligences:
    People use 8 different intelligences to understand the world:
    Linguistic-verbal
    Logical-mathematical
    Spatial-visual
    Body-kinesthetic
    Musical
    Interpersonal
    Intrapersonal
    Naturalist
  • 6. Theory Contributors
    Benjamin Bloom (1913-1999)
    Most famous for creating Bloom’s Taxonomy
    Six levels ranging simple to complex
    Used to acquire knowledge about a subject:
    Knowledge
    Comprehension
    Application
    Analysis
    Synthesis
    Evaluation
  • 7. Classroom implications
    As an educator:
    Without Technology:
    Visual aids like posters and physical objects can be used to reinforce concepts
    With Technology:
    Visual aids can be used again
    Powerpoints
    Document Cameras
    Interactive tools that challenge students past the basics
    Smart boards
    CPS Clickers
  • 8. Classroom Implications
    As a student:
    Without Technology:
    Students are supposed to push themselves to think critically
    Build on the concepts they’ve already learned via traditional avenues
    With Technology:
    Students are encouraged to test their theories and hypothesis
    Smart boards
    Virtual programs
  • 9. Personal critique of cognitivism
    Cognitivism would work well with my style of teaching
    I can use interactive tools to engage students
    It requires students to build on previous knowledge
    Makes students rely on themselves for answers
    Students have to think past the basics to answer questions
  • 10. Works Cited
    Theories:
    Shelly, Gary, Glenda Gunter, and Randolph Gunter. Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. 6th. Boston, Ma: Course Technology, Cengage Learning, 2010. 369-76. Print.
    http://www.learning-theories.com/cognitivism.html
    Images:
    http://www.frasermustardchair.ca/wp-content/uploads/Building-Blocks-Building-Brains.jpg
    http://school.discoveryeducation.com/clipart/images/thinkingcapwhoa_color.gif
    http://isobe.typepad.com/sketchpad/images/Thinking-The-Boxs.jpg