On April 22, 1500, a Portuguese navigator called Pedro Alvares Cabral reached the shores of Brazil. The country took its name from “brazilwood”, a redwood tree commonly found along the Brazilian coastline that was ordinarily used to dye garments back in Europe.
1500 :The Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral lands in Brazil. 1572 :The King of Portugal creates the Viceroyalty of Brazil in Salvador (Bahia). 1763 :Rio de Janeiro proclaimed Brazils sole Capital. 1789 :First independence movement 1807 :Napoleon invades Portugal 1944-45: Brazilian troops fight alongside Allies in World War II. 1960 :Brasilia becomes the new capital. 1985 Democracy is restored. Jose Sarney becomes President. 1988 New constitution proclaimed. 2006 Luis Inacio Lula da Silva re-elected as President.
Brazil is the largest country in South America with 15,735 km (9,777 miles) of boundaries with 10 out of the 12 South American countries. Brazil has 7,491 km sea shore (4,655 miles) on the Atlantic Coast.
Full country name: Federative Republic of Brazil Area: 8,547,403 sq km Population: 205.7 million (UN, 2011) Capital City: Brasilia Language: Portuguese Religion: Roman Catholic (73.6%), Pentecostal (15.4%), Other (11%) Currency: Real
GDP per head : US$11,600(2011) Annual Growth: 7.5% (2010) Inflation: 5.9% (2010)
Brazil is larger than the continental US and Australia. It is the fifth largest country in the world. With a population of 195 million, Brazil is also the fifth most populous country and fourth largest democracy. Sao Paulo is the second most populous city in the world, with almost 11 million. Brazil is the worlds largest exporter of iron ore and soya; it will soon be the largest exporter of frozen meat. Brazilian industry produces more cars than Mexico, more steel than Italy, the same amount as India.
There are 347,490 square miles of farmable land in Brazil, and thats without counting one single inch of the 350 million of the Amazon forest. Brazil is the world’s largest coffee, sugar, and alcohol producer, and second in soybean and corn, apart from being the third largest fruit producer.
One of the most important Brazilian industrial segment is the automobile industry. Many international companies make cars in Brazil: Volkswagen, Ford, Mercedes Bens, General Motors, Fiat, Volvo, etc.