5 :-VIKAS KUMARACCURATE INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY 2011-2013 (G3)
Contents• INTRODUCTION• TERMINAL 3• CONSTRUCTOR• DATA• SALIENT FEATURES• POLITICAL ISSUES• ECO FRIENDLY• IT INVOLVEMENT• DESIGNER• CHALLENGES AND SOLUTION• EXPANSION• CURRENT STATUS• FACILITIES• CONCLUSION
Introduction… Indira Gandhi International Airport is the primaryinternational airport of the National Capital Region ofDelhi, India, situated in West Delhi, 16 km (10 mi)southwest of New Delhi city centre. It is the busiest airport in India. With thecommencement of operations at the new Terminal 3. Delhis Indira Gandhi International Airport has becomeIndias and South Asias largest and one of the mostimportant aviation hub, with a current capacity ofhandling more than 46 million passengers and aimed athandling more than 100 million passengers by 2030.
Cont`d…In 2010-11, the airport handled 29.94 millionpassengers annually, and the planned expansion programwill increase its capacity to handle 100 million passengersby 2030. The new Terminal-3 building has had the capacity tohandle an additional 34 million passengers annually sincethe start of the 2010 Commonwealth Games.Terminal- 3 is the worlds 6th largest passengerterminal.
In September 2008, the airport inaugurated a 4.43 kilometre-long runway.In 2010, Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA) was conferred the fourth best airport award in the world in the 15–25 million category.
IGI Airport is the home of several Indian airlinesincluding Air India, Air IndiaRegional, IndiGo, JetLite, SpiceJet, Jet Airways, KingfisherAirlines, GoAir use IGI Airport as their secondary hub. Approximately 80 airlines serve this airport. There are Six operational terminals making up thisairport, they are the following……….1. Terminal-1 (Domestic)I. Terminal 1AII. Terminal 1BIII. Terminal 1CIV. Terminal 1D 2. Terminal 2 3. Terminal 3
TERMINAL 3 Terminal 3, a state-of-the-art and integratedterminal, is the 24th largest building in the world and8th largest passenger terminal. The IGI-Terminal 3 project would come to be knownas one of the largest and most fast paced projectsundertaken by any developer on Indian soil, to be builtin time for the commonwealth games in New Delhi in2010. It occupies 502,000 m² (5.4 million sq ft), with acapacity to handle 34 million passengers annually
Contd….This terminal has 168 check-in counters, 78aerobridges at 48 contact stands, 30 parking bays, 72immigration counters, 15 X-ray screening areas, for lesswaiting times, duty-free shops, and other features. Over 90% of passengers use this terminal. This new terminal had been completed in time forthe 2010 Commonwealth Games, which were held inDelhi, and will be connected to Delhi by an eight-lanemotorway (National Highway 8), and the Delhi MassRapid Transit System.
Cont`d….• The IGI airport has 6 Terminals. Terminal 3 is meant for the use of International Flights and some Domestic Carriers. The upper level of T3 is used for departure purpose while the lower is reserved for arrivals. The domestic flights operating from this terminal are Air India, Fly Kingfisher, Jet Airways, Jet Konnect Indian Airlines, Kingfisher Red, and Jet Lite
Cont`d…… The terminal was officially inaugurated on 3 July2010, and there were nine flights to test the operationalreadiness of the new terminal and its ground handlingcapabilities.T3 has Indias first automated parking management &guidance system in a multi level car park, which comprises7 levels and a capacity of 4300 cars. The Parking System is designed & installed by M/s FAACIndia Pvt. Ltd. under guidance of Mr. Deepak Kapoor MD& Mr. Ashfak Alam Product Manager in record time, insuch a way that a person wishing to park can find spacewithin 5 minutes with the help of an electronic dynamicsignage.
CONSTRUCTOR…… Interarch was chosen amongst many international andIndian-JV bidders from an international biddingprocess, to come aboard under lead contractors Larsen &Tubro and GMR-DIAL, to execute the structural steelworks for the Domestic and International Piers of theDelhi International Airport IGI –Terminal 3 project as wellas the entire roofing system for the entire terminalbuilding.Through its course Interarch designed, manufacturedand constructed over 7500MT of steel in under 8 monthsand would design, procure and lay over 1.2 million squaremeters of roofing material to cover one of the largestbuildings in Asia.
Construction TimeAirport Capacity TimeChangi Airport – Singapore (T3) 22 Million 76 monthsHeathrow T5 – London, UK 25 Million 60 monthsBeijing Airport New terminal for 45 Million 60 monthsOlympics – T3, ChinaIGI Airport – T3, New Delhi, 34 Million 37 monthIndia
Statistical comparison of construction time & capacity of terminal 38070605040 time(in month)30 capacity(in million)20100 changi airport heathrow- beijing airport IGI T3 india singapore london
Terminal 3 : Salient FeaturesIntegrated Terminal – International and Domestic34 million passengers per annum capacity5.4 million sq ft. area9 level passenger terminal building and 2 piers each 1.2 km long.In-line Baggage Handling System with capacity to handle 12,800Bags per hour.6 Common check-in islands -168 check-in counters
95 Immigration counters (49 Outbound and 46 Inbound Immigrationcounters)78 Passenger Boarding Bridges (including 3 Passenger Boarding Bridges forA380 or similar sized aircraft)14 Baggage reclaim belts including 2 belts for Out of Gauge (OOG) bags6.7 million sq ft. of apron area100 room Transit Hotel for Domestic and International passengers (68 roomsfor domestic transit and 32 rooms for international transit)96 automatic travelators /walkways (Longest one being 118 mts in length)Over 20,000 sq mters. of retail space.Multi Level Car Park to accommodate 4300 cars7 MLD Water and 10 MLD Sewage Treatment Plant (total quantity for entireairport, treatment plant inside airport premises only)
Political issues Terminal 3
The opposition party.. Say`s that the huge terminal in Delhi can bejustified in one way or the other but it does not make sense. “An airportterminal should be clean, passenger-friendly and have enough space andseating arrangements for people. For that, one does not have tonecessarily build a large terminal. Such an expansive terminal building atDelhi is absolutely not justified.”T3 is the largest airport terminal in the country and the eighth largest inthe world but its capacity utilization is only 62 passengers per squaremeter which Is less than other airport in India . Aviation ministerPraful Patel saying a large terminal will provide for additional shoppingspace but large part of terminal is Vacant till now
•According to report the government lost at least Rs 1185crore in the developing of 48.5 acres of land around airport•Airport sources said the committee members, includingsenior BJP leader LK Advani, had queries What security dowe have at T3 IGI Airport. The security check is only after theimmigration / customs desk. Before that there is absolutelyno check. Also now days, even the baggage X-Ray is notdone prior check-in. Believe we all are just waiting for adisaster to happen, before taking any action
The government has been deprived of its legitimate share ofrevenue through formation Of joint ventures by DIAL withprivate entities. Government owned-airport authority of india(AAI) had In April 2006 signed a contract for the operation andmanagement of IGI airport With DIAL wherein revenue share45.99% was to go to AAI and 54.01 % to DIAL . AAI has 26 %equity participation In DIAL, with remaining 74 % held by aprivate consortium Of GMR group, fraport AG,MAPL,IDF.
New Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport Terminal 3 Green initiativeEnvironmental initiatives :-The airport is widely considered a `green’ project. In 2011, Terminal 3 became the worlds first and also the largest terminal building to be conferred the prestigious Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design New Construction (LEED NC) gold rating.
Cont`d…. Water Management :-• The airport relies on ground water source and municipal supply for its water requirement. For optimal utilization of ground water, the airport has installed rainwater harvesting structures.• In order to reutilize wastewater, the complex has a sewage treatment plant (STP), with advanced tertiary treatment viz. ultra filtration and reverse osmosis technique. The water treatment equipment ensures zero water discharge. The entire treated water is utilized for air-conditioning, toilet flushing, horticulture and construction activities.
cont`d….Waste Management:- The airport employs the highest environmental standards to handle different kinds of waste. All waste is appropriately recycled wherever possible. In cases where waste cannot be recycled, it is disposed off in an environmentally- friendly manner, as per government regulations. At the T3 terminal, efforts towards waste management include capability for segregation of waste at source, twin bin system for waste management and maximization of recycling.
Cont`d….Air Quality Control :-The air quality in and around the airport is regularly monitored. DIAL also initiated green house gas inventory program to track vehicular emissions. It encourages employees to reduce their carbon footprint through carpool networks. Dust screens and water sprinklers are used to prevent gusts of dust.
Cont`d….Energy management:-Terminal 3 is an energy-efficient building with features like natural day lighting, use of CFL bulbs, use of recycled material in construction and use of environment- friendly vehicles. The terminal has a CNG filling station inside the airport. 1,200 energy efficient LCDs screens have been put up for public information systems.
WIRED TOGETHER• IT service provider WIPRO bid and won a contract to undertake the IT systems for terminal 3 of the Indira Gandhi International Airport at New Delhi. Terminal 3 is slated to be one of the biggest airport terminals in the world and would be completed by October 2010, in time for the Commonwealth Games.
Cont`d• A company called Wipro Airport IT Services Limited was formed as a joint venture (JV) between Wipro and Delhi International Airport Pvt. Ltd. (DIAL), where Wipro holds 74 per cent stake with the rest being held by DIAL. The JV then entered into a Master Services Agreement (MSA) to provide airport IT infrastructure and services at Terminal 3.• The contract is for a period of 10 years and extendable on mutually agreed terms.
DESIGNER• Terminal 3, a state-of-the-art and integrated terminal, is the 24th largest building in the world• Designed by HOK working in consultation with Mott MacDonald the new Terminal 3 is a two-tier building, with the bottom floor being the arrivals area, and the top being a departures area.
Mudras - 9 classical hand gestures havebeen installed in the immigration area
FINANCING GMR GROUP FRAPORT AG MALAYSIA AIRPORT INDIA DEVELOPMENT FUND AAI 26% 50%4% 10% 10%
TOTAL INCOME FROM DIFFERERNT REVENUE SOURCESRevenue Aero. Non Cargo Operating CPD Others Totalsource Aero. Income Income2008-09 3610 3746 2119 9476 0 105 9,5812009-10 4172 5144 1753 11068 464 186 11,7172010-11 4597 5658 1386 11641 791 185 12,617
ECONOMIC OUTPUT OF AIRPORTS WORLD WIDEAIRPORT EMPLOYMENT ECONOMIC OUT PUT % IN GDP ($ billion)ATLANTA 434400 32.6 -NEW YORK 347500 35.4 4.3SYDNEY 206133 30.4 2DELHI 516000 5.8 0.18VIRGINIA 258996 28.8 4.4DUBAI 250000 22 28HONG KONG 65000 78 4.6KANSAS 47500 10.4 8.5MIA MI 282000 36.9 4BARDLEY 22140 2 -
CHALLENGES• CLIENT - Larsen & toubro limited• The project involved a large, internationally- dispersed project team. In addition to the joint venture parties, thousands of participants from more than 70 organizations were engaged on the project. Forty-five of the companies were based outside of India, in locations as far apart as London, Dubai, Singapore and Sydney.
Cont`d• For the first few months of the project, the team used a combination of FTP systems, hard copies and email to communicate. However, with thousands of documents and correspondence items being exchanged, the team was experiencing bottlenecks and difficulties in meeting their turnaround targets. Factors such as file size restrictions on email accounts meant that drawings sent to external stakeholders were bouncing back and slowing down the review cycle. L&T identified that these issues would only escalate as the project ramped up.
SOLUTION• L&T implemented the Aconex online collaboration system to control information and link the project team.• Companies engaged on the project used Aconex to manage more than 300,000 documents and one million mail items – sometimes up to 100,000 items in a single month• “Aconex is an indispensible element of the project.” Mr Shankar Narayannan, Head of Project Controls at Larsen & Toubro on the DIAL Project
CHALLENGES• The total external finance requirement for the project was Rs. 500 crore and included the cost of hardware, software and implementation. Terminal 3 has catered to all international flights and all non-low cost carrier domestic flights to and from Delhi. Information technology is also a key driver for critical airport operations. Therefore the project holds significant importance for both, DIAL and Wipro.• As a result, IDFC stepped in to provide the external finance needed for implementing this prestigious project.
IDFC’s ‘one firm’ solution:• The deal was a challenging one, but the seamless working between three IDFC verticals – IDFC Capital, IDFC Project Finance and IDFC Legal – saw the transaction being dealt with smoothly.• IDFC was the sole lender of the project. It originated from IDFC Capital, which stepped in to leverage its strong relationship with the Wipro Group.• IDFC Capital, with inputs from IDFC Project Finance and IDFC Legal then put together a unique financing structure that met with the expectations of Wipro. Thus, all the three verticals leveraged on their expertise to successfully conclude the deal for the Terminal 3 project, which is currently under implementation, and also won a cross sale award for IDFC Capital’s debt team.
How it worked at IDFC• IDFC Capital: Originator of the deal• IDFC Project Finance: Provided unique financing solutions• IDFC Legal: Put together the financing structure
Phased expansion and modernization timelinePhase 1A (2008) - COMPLETED -Modernization of existing terminals - 1A,1B,1C and T2 -New Departure terminal for low cost airlines - T1D -Third RunwayPhase 1B (2010) - COMPLETED -New Integrated Terminal - T3 -Metro connectivity through Airport Express Line
NEW PROJECTS• Phase 2 (2012) -Additional remote stands near T3 -New central transportation corridor -T1B to be razed - New terminal for general aviation and parking lot to come in place. Phase 3 (2016) -New international terminal - T4 -Expansion of T3 including piers -Fourth Runway (11L/29R) -New ATC tower
Cont`d• Phase 4 (2021) -New Terminal -T5 -New pier for T5 and contact stands Phase 5 (2026) -New terminal for LCCs - T6 -Expansion of T3 and T4 piers and concourses -Remote stands for T6 -New strengthened runway 09/27 -cargo facilities relocated North
2026 MasterPlan • According to the 2026 masterplan, the IGI airport will be able to handle 100 million passengers/annum
Current statusT3 resembles the face of a ‘Modern and Bold India’, given the gigantic structure set up at a mammoth investment of USD3billion to provide an experience comparable with the best in the world. T3 is among the worlds’ largest airport terminals; the largest infrastructure asset in India:• T3 has a passenger handling capacity of 34m per year, taking DIAL’s effective handling capacity to 60m passengers per year.• This compares with passenger traffic of 26m in FY10.• After a long time in Indian infrastructure, capacity has been created to address future growth.• Terminal area stands at 502,000 square meters comprising of nine levels, and includes
Passenger`s purpose of visit (%) PERCENTAGE BUSINESS VACATIONS RELATIVESCONFERENCE EDUCATION PERCENTAGE MEDICAL OTHERS 0 10 20 30 40
• 20,000 square meters of retail concourse,• 78 aerobridges (capable of handling A-380),• 168 check-in counters,• 12,800 bags/hour baggage handling system (among the world’s largest), and• 92 travelators (including one that is 118 meters long - the longest in Asia).
GMR has entered the elite list of business groups capable of executing a USD3b project, on time :Successful execution of T3 has demonstrated the unmatched execution capabilities of the GMR group. T3 (capacity of 34m passengers) was built in 37 months. This compares with• 60 months for Beijing Olympics airport (45m passengers),• 60 months for Heathrow T5 (25m passengers), and• 76 months for Changi (22m passengers). Thus, T3 construction sets a global benchmark. There were several execution challenges, including• co-ordination with 58 government agencies,• vendors/professionals from 19 countries,• 37,000 workers at peak,• providing housing to 27,000 employees,• 2,500 encroachments, etc.
List Of Facilities At IGI Airport, New Delhi• FACILITIES • Business and VIP Facilities • Entertainment Options • Sleeping Services • shopping & Eating facilities • Inter Terminal Transfer • Medical Facilities • Hotel Booking • Duty Free Shops • Internet Facilities • Charging point