CE

Continuing Education for
Barangay Nutrition Scholars
MODULE 11

NUTRITION IN EMERGENCIES
SESSIONS
1. Revitalizing the Role of Nutrition in
Disaster Situations
2. Managing Food and Nutrition
during Disaster Situa...
SESSION 1
REVITALIZING THE ROLE OF
NUTRITION IN DISASTER
SITUATIONS
OBJECTIVES
1. Define disaster and disaster
management
2. Specify the different kinds of
disasters
3. Enumerate the compone...
OBJECTIVES
4. Explain the importance of nutrition
in disaster situations
5. Enumerate the agencies and
organizations invol...
ACTIVITIES
Activity 1:

Defining Disaster and Disaster
Management

Activity 2:

Explaining the Importance of
Nutrition in ...
ACTIVITY 1

DEFINING DISASTER AND
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
EXERCISE

Disaster vs. Emergencies
Disaster
 An event causing great stress or damage
 Local emergency actions are not enough
to cope with danger, whether d...
Types of Disaster
1. Natural disasters
 Typhoons, floods, drought,
and volcanic eruption
 Typhoons and floods and
volcan...
Types of Disaster
2. Man-made or humaninduced disasters
 Armed conflict and war

3. Technological disasters
 Chemical
ex...
Disaster Management
 Includes all aspects of planning for and
responding to disasters
 Refers to the management of risk ...
EXERCISE
Components of Disaster
Management Cycle
?
Mitigation

?
Risk Reduction

Recovery
?

Prevention
?

?
Preparedness

Response
?

?
DISASTER
Mitigation

Risk Reduction

Recovery
Recovery

Response
Response

Prevention
Prevention

Preparedness
Preparedness
Disaste...
Components of
Disaster Management
 Preparedness
 Response
 Recovery
 Mitigation
 Risk reduction
 Prevention
ACTIVITY 2

EXPLAINING THE IMPORTANCE
OF NUTRITION IN DISASTER
SITUATIONS
What is the importance of
nutrition during disaster?
 Nutrition is necessary during times
of disaster to prevent malnutrition
 The primary objective during
emergencies and d...
ACTIVITY 3

ENUMERATING THE AGENCIES
INVOLVED IN DISASTER
MANAGEMENT
Who are involved in disaster
management in your areas?
What agencies are involved in
disaster management in your
areas?
Agencies Involved in
Disaster Management
NDRRMC
The National Disaster Risk Reduction
and Management Council (NDRRMC)
[formerly called National Disaster
Coordinatin...
NDRRMC
Provides direction and control of the
overall emergency operations from the
regional down to the barangay level.
NDRRMC
Chairperson
Secretary of Department of National Defense
Vice Chairperson for Disaster Preparedness
Secretary of Int...
NDRRMC
Members
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Department of Health (DOH)
Department of Environment and Natural Re...
NDRRMC
Members (cont’d)
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.

Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE)
Department of T...
NDRRMC
Members (cont’d)
23. Chairperson, National Commission on the Role of Filipino
Women
24. Chairman, Housing and Urban...
NDRRMC
Members (cont’d)
32. President of the League of Cities in the Philippines (LCP)
33. President of the League of Muni...
LDRRMC
Local Disaster Risk Reduction Management
Council
Regional: Regional Disaster Risk Reduction and
Management Councils...
LDRRMC
Local Disaster Risk Reduction Management
Council
Barangay: Barangay Development Councils
(BDCs)
LDRRMC
Composition of LDRRMC
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

The Local Chief Executives, Chairperson
The Local Planning and Devel...
LDRRMC
Composition of LDRRMC (cont’d)
9. The Head of the Local Veterinary Office, member
10.The Head of the Local Budget O...
LDRRMC
Composition of LDRRMC (cont’d)
15.The President of the Association of Barangay Captains
(ABC), member
16.The Philip...
Local Nutrition Committee
 A local nutrition cluster under the local disaster
coordinating council has been organized (or...
Local Nutrition Committee
 The members of the local nutrition cluster can
include local health offices, social welfare an...
Roles of BNS
Assisting in nutritional assessment

Distributing micronutrient supplements
Assisting in mass and suppleme...
Roles of BNS
Advocating to the BNC the preparation
and implementation of a plan for nutrition
during disasters and emerge...
How were you able help the
victims during disaster?
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community
Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community
Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Three Stages of
Emergency Feeding
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVITIES ...
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
Nutrition Management
During Disasters
PRE-DISASTER
ACTIVITIES
• Evacuation/
Operation Centers
• Community Kitchens
ACTIVIT...
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NUTRITION IN EMERGENCIES #haiyan #yolanda #wastongnutrisyon

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Presentation for Continuing Education for Barangay Nutrition Scholars. Revitalizing the Role of Nutrition in Disaster Situations. Managing Food and Nutrition during Disaster Situations.Conducting Rapid Nutritional Assessment during Disaster Situations.



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NUTRITION IN EMERGENCIES #haiyan #yolanda #wastongnutrisyon

  1. 1. CE Continuing Education for Barangay Nutrition Scholars
  2. 2. MODULE 11 NUTRITION IN EMERGENCIES
  3. 3. SESSIONS 1. Revitalizing the Role of Nutrition in Disaster Situations 2. Managing Food and Nutrition during Disaster Situations 3. Conducting Rapid Nutritional Assessment during Disaster Situations
  4. 4. SESSION 1 REVITALIZING THE ROLE OF NUTRITION IN DISASTER SITUATIONS
  5. 5. OBJECTIVES 1. Define disaster and disaster management 2. Specify the different kinds of disasters 3. Enumerate the components of disaster management
  6. 6. OBJECTIVES 4. Explain the importance of nutrition in disaster situations 5. Enumerate the agencies and organizations involved in disaster management 6. Identify the roles of BNS in disaster management
  7. 7. ACTIVITIES Activity 1: Defining Disaster and Disaster Management Activity 2: Explaining the Importance of Nutrition in Disaster Situations Activity 3: Enumerating the Agencies Involved in Disaster Management
  8. 8. ACTIVITY 1 DEFINING DISASTER AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT
  9. 9. EXERCISE Disaster vs. Emergencies
  10. 10. Disaster  An event causing great stress or damage  Local emergency actions are not enough to cope with danger, whether due to lack of time, power or resources  May cause physical injury, distress, death, and damage to the community and environment  Can also cause problems in a society
  11. 11. Types of Disaster 1. Natural disasters  Typhoons, floods, drought, and volcanic eruption  Typhoons and floods and volcanic eruptions are the major causes of disasters in the country
  12. 12. Types of Disaster 2. Man-made or humaninduced disasters  Armed conflict and war 3. Technological disasters  Chemical explosions, plane crash, fire, and when buildings collapse
  13. 13. Disaster Management  Includes all aspects of planning for and responding to disasters  Refers to the management of risk and consequences of disasters
  14. 14. EXERCISE Components of Disaster Management Cycle
  15. 15. ? Mitigation ? Risk Reduction Recovery ? Prevention ? ? Preparedness Response ? ? DISASTER
  16. 16. Mitigation Risk Reduction Recovery Recovery Response Response Prevention Prevention Preparedness Preparedness Disaster DISASTER
  17. 17. Components of Disaster Management  Preparedness  Response  Recovery  Mitigation  Risk reduction  Prevention
  18. 18. ACTIVITY 2 EXPLAINING THE IMPORTANCE OF NUTRITION IN DISASTER SITUATIONS
  19. 19. What is the importance of nutrition during disaster?
  20. 20.  Nutrition is necessary during times of disaster to prevent malnutrition  The primary objective during emergencies and disasters is to prevent death and malnutrition  It is necessary to prevent the worsening of the nutritional situation
  21. 21. ACTIVITY 3 ENUMERATING THE AGENCIES INVOLVED IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT
  22. 22. Who are involved in disaster management in your areas? What agencies are involved in disaster management in your areas?
  23. 23. Agencies Involved in Disaster Management
  24. 24. NDRRMC The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) [formerly called National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC)] is the organization at the national level.
  25. 25. NDRRMC Provides direction and control of the overall emergency operations from the regional down to the barangay level.
  26. 26. NDRRMC Chairperson Secretary of Department of National Defense Vice Chairperson for Disaster Preparedness Secretary of Interior and Local Government Vice Chairperson for Disaster Response Secretary of Department of Social Welfare and Development Vice Chairperson for Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Secretary of the Department of Science and Technology Vice Chairperson for Disaster Rehabilitation and Recovery Director-General of the National Economic Development Authority
  27. 27. NDRRMC Members 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Department of Health (DOH) Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Department of Agriculture (DA) Department of Education (DepEd) Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Finance (DOF) Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC) Department of Budget and Management (DBM) Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) Department of Justice (DOJ)
  28. 28. NDRRMC Members (cont’d) 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) Department of Tourism (DOT) The Executive Secretary Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP) Chairman, Commission on Higher Education (CHED) Chief of Staff, Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) Chief, Philippine National Police (PNP) The Press Secretary Secretary-General of the Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC) Commissioner of the National Anti-Poverty CommissionVictims of Disasters and Calamities Sector (NAPC-VDC)
  29. 29. NDRRMC Members (cont’d) 23. Chairperson, National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women 24. Chairman, Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC) 25. Executive-Director of the Climate Change Office of the Climate Change Commission 26. President, Government Service Insurance System 27. President, Social Security System 28. President, Philippine Health Insurance Corporation 29. President of the Union of Local Authorities of the Philippines (ULAP) 30. President of the League of Provinces in the Philippines (LPP)
  30. 30. NDRRMC Members (cont’d) 32. President of the League of Cities in the Philippines (LCP) 33. President of the League of Municipalities in the Philippines (LMP) 34. President of the Liga ng Mga Barangay (LMB) 35. Four (4) representatives from the CSOs 36. One (1) representative from the Private Sector 37. Administrator of the OCD
  31. 31. LDRRMC Local Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council Regional: Regional Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils (RDRRMCs) Provincial/ City/ Municipal: Provincial/ City/ Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils (P/C/MDRRMCs)
  32. 32. LDRRMC Local Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council Barangay: Barangay Development Councils (BDCs)
  33. 33. LDRRMC Composition of LDRRMC 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. The Local Chief Executives, Chairperson The Local Planning and Development Officer, member The Head of the LDRRMO, member The Head of the Local Social Welfare and Development Office, member The Head of the Local Health Office, member The Head of the Local Agriculture Office, member The Head of the Gender and Development Office, member The Head of the Local Engineering Office, member
  34. 34. LDRRMC Composition of LDRRMC (cont’d) 9. The Head of the Local Veterinary Office, member 10.The Head of the Local Budget Office, member 11.The Division Head/Superintendent of Schools of the DepEd, member 12.The highest-ranking officer of the Armed Forces of the Philippines assigned in the area, member 13.The Provincial Director/City/Municipal Chief of the Philippine National Police (PNP), member 14.The Provincial Director/City/Municipal Fire Marshall of the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP), member
  35. 35. LDRRMC Composition of LDRRMC (cont’d) 15.The President of the Association of Barangay Captains (ABC), member 16.The Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC), member 17.Four (4) accredited CSOs, members 18.One (1) private sector representative, member
  36. 36. Local Nutrition Committee  A local nutrition cluster under the local disaster coordinating council has been organized (or can be organized if there is none yet) that will take charge of nutrition management in emergencies and disasters.  This local nutrition cluster can be a subcommittee or sub-group of the local nutrition committee (LNC).
  37. 37. Local Nutrition Committee  The members of the local nutrition cluster can include local health offices, social welfare and development, nutrition, NGOs and others, which may be considered by the LGU.  The tasks of the local nutrition cluster include activities on water, sanitation, health, food, psychosocial, and social protection.
  38. 38. Roles of BNS Assisting in nutritional assessment Distributing micronutrient supplements Assisting in mass and supplementary feeding Counseling on breastfeeding and complementary feeding
  39. 39. Roles of BNS Advocating to the BNC the preparation and implementation of a plan for nutrition during disasters and emergency as part of the barangay nutrition action plan Referring individuals and families that need further medical and nutrition attention.
  40. 40. How were you able help the victims during disaster?
  41. 41. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) Pre-Disaster Activities  Start from the formulation of disaster response plans and developing national human resources like having courses, meetings, collaborating with other agencies and organizations
  42. 42. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) Pre-Disaster Activities  Planning of different agencies’ commitments  Organization of disaster response/actions teams/committees, volunteer organizations, families and communities  Establish linkages and effective networking  Generation of resources both food and non-food items
  43. 43. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) Evacuation/ Operation Centers  Prepare evacuation centers and evacuation paraphernalia  Prepare/construct water pumps for sufficient water supply  Provide latrines/toilet facilities and if possible running water in each room of the evacuation centers
  44. 44. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) Community Kitchens  Consider equipment/utensils and fuel as special items needed during crisis situation
  45. 45. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) Equipment and Utensils in Community Kitchens Utensils for Food Preparations: Stove, allpurpose knives, pots, measuring cups, kawa, cutting board, drum can opener, fuels, ladles For food services: Ladles, soup ladles, water jug, soup bowls or cups, glasses, plates, spoons For cleaning: Broom, dust pan, waste can
  46. 46. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) Activities During Disaster Emergency feeding: supplying food or meals to persons made destitute or otherwise deprived to access to food or meals
  47. 47. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) Emergency feeding aims to  To preserve life  To maintain morale of people  To relieve the condition of causalities  To further motivate emergency workers in their work
  48. 48. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) Stages of Emergency Feeding 1. Early emergency period 2. Intermediate emergency period 3. Extended emergency period Table 11.1 (page ____)
  49. 49. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) CHARACTERISTICS 1. Early emergency period  Immediate period following a disaster  Lasts from 1-2 days, or even for just a few hours depending on the nature of the calamity  characterized by stress, anxiety and in other cases shock  Food supply is severe or cut-off  No productive labor is possible  People are hungry but not starving
  50. 50. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) CHARACTERISTICS 2. Intermediate emergency period  Transition period from initial onset of disaster to rehabilitation  Condition is still far from normal but the initial shock is over  Provision of food is part of the relief package
  51. 51. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) CHARACTERISTICS 3. Extended emergency period  Rehabilitation to near normal condition take place.  The afflicted community is encouraged to start anew so they do not become dependent on the subsistence given them.  In devastated areas, however, the crisis may still be far from over the after this time such that emergency mass feeding must be extended.
  52. 52. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) OBJECTIVES 1. Early emergency period    To provide the victims with something to eat To provide comfort and improve morale To help counteract shock 2. Intermediate emergency period  To provide food within nutritional limits for temporary maintenance 3. Extended emergency period  To sustain life and maintain health by providing adequate food within the recommended levels.
  53. 53. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) PRIORITY GROUPS 1. Early emergency period  All calamity victims with special considerations for infants 2. Intermediate emergency period  Special consideration to the following vulnerable groups: pregnant mothers, lactating, elderly; sick and injured; and rescue workers 3. Extended emergency period  Those with demonstrated needs; feeding should still provide special consideration to vulnerable groups, needy victims like sick and injured and rescue workers
  54. 54. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) PRIORITY NUTRIENTS 1. Early emergency period  Water: at least 4 cups of water per person per day must be given under all circumstances  Calories: to provide energy which keeps the vital processes of the body going
  55. 55. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) PRIORITY NUTRIENTS 2. Intermediate emergency period  Water, Calories  Protein: this nutrient is important because of its body function for body repair.  Thiamin: this is nutrient is called “morale” vitamin because it helps minimize nervous tension.  Salt: it is needed to conserve water in the body, thus prevent dehydration
  56. 56. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) PRIORITY NUTRIENTS 3. Extended emergency period Diet should be aimed at reaching the recommended amount in a day. To avoid or prevent malnutrition, the diet should provide the following nutrients:  Calories  Proteins  Vitamins  Minerals
  57. 57. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) PRIORITY FOOD SOURCES 1. Early emergency period  Water: plain water, beverage (like tea, coffee, cocoa, softdrinks, salabat, buko water), soups, juices, milk  Calories: cereal products, breads, noodles, spreads, rootcrops, tubers
  58. 58. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) PRIORITY FOOD SOURCES 2. Intermediate emergency period  Water: plain water, beverage (like tea, coffee, cocoa, softdrinks, salabat, buko water), soups, juices, milk  Calories: cereal products, breads, noodles, spreads, rootcrops, tubers  Proteins: canned, cured, dried meats, fish, seafood, milk and milk products, eggs, legumes
  59. 59. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) PRIORITY FOOD SOURCES 3. Extended emergency period  Calories: cereal products, breads, noodles, spreads, rootcrops, tubers  Proteins: canned, cured, dried meats, fish, seafood, milk and milk products, eggs, legumes  Vitamins and minerals: fruits and vegetables, fortified foods, processed food mixtures
  60. 60. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) MENU CHARACTERISTICS 1. Early emergency period  On-the-spot refreshment; simple and easy to prepare energy foods with high caloric value 2. Intermediate emergency period  Simple, nourishing, hygienically prepared one dish hot meals or two course meals; easy to serve and easy to hold on foods are included 3. Extended emergency period  Meals are more varied than that of intermediate stage; hearty one-dish meals are adequate in amounts are given
  61. 61. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) MEAL PATTERN 1. Early emergency period  Beverage and Cereal  Hot soup and bread  Crackers and plain water  Pan de Sal and juice
  62. 62. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) MEAL PATTERN 2. Intermediate emergency period 1-2 meals with snacks  Breakfast: champorado with milk  Lunch/Supper: Smoked fish or toasted dried fish and rice  Snack: Macaroni soup with milk
  63. 63. Three Stages of Emergency Feeding PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) MEAL PATTERN 3. Extended emergency period 2-3 meals per day, may include fruits and vegetables  Breakfast: Bread with margarine and coffee/milk if possible  Snack: biscuit and tea  Lunch: Sautéed munggo with malunggay, rice and banana  Supper: Vegetable soup, fish adobo and rice
  64. 64. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) How foods are given during disasters  Dry Rations  Mass feeding  Complementary feeding  Therapeutic feeding
  65. 65. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) General characteristics of food in emergency feeding  Easy to cook  Appeal to all age groups  Can be cooked in bulk  Simple menu
  66. 66. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Frequency • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) Frequency of food distribution during disasters: This should be given in daily basis since evacuation has no proper storage facilities
  67. 67. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) Tips in Emergency Feeding Preparation  Use perishable foods first  If water is lacking, save juices from canned goods  Make palatable soups  Imported “aid” food, which may be foreign to the population, can be made acceptable with additional spices and imaginative cooking
  68. 68. Nutrition Management During Disasters PRE-DISASTER ACTIVITIES • Evacuation/ Operation Centers • Community Kitchens ACTIVITIES DURING DISASTERS (Emergency Feeding) • Stages • General Characteristics • Tips POST-DISASTER ACTIVITIES (Rehabilitation works) Post-Disaster Activities Rehabilitation activities: Provision of food for work activities and supplemental feeding for malnourished children
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