Gervais Tompkin

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The Open Source by Gervais Tompkin

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Gervais Tompkin

  1. 1. Open Source…<br />The<br />
  2. 2. Open Source<br />The<br />City<br />
  3. 3. Open Source<br />The<br />Lifestyle<br />
  4. 4. Open Source<br />The<br />Workstyle<br />
  5. 5. Open Source<br />The<br />Office Space<br />
  6. 6. Open Source<br />The<br />Building Use<br />
  7. 7. Open Source<br />The<br />Pro forma<br />
  8. 8. Open Source<br />The<br />City<br />by Gervais Tompkin<br />
  9. 9. A New Opportunity<br />Floundering Cities<br />3X CO2/HC<br />Vibrant Cities<br />1X CO2/HC<br />Source: Gensler Research<br />
  10. 10. A Multi-Generational Mix<br />
  11. 11. Varied Design Heritages<br />Veterans<br />1930-1945<br />Gen-X<br />1965-1980<br />BabyBoomers<br />1946-1964<br />Millennials<br />1981-1997<br />
  12. 12. Changing Demographic Profile<br />1950<br />2000<br />2050<br />Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics <br />
  13. 13. Changing Demographic Profile<br />1950<br />2000<br />2050<br />Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics <br />
  14. 14. Labor Shortfall and Talent War<br />Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics <br />
  15. 15. Labor Shortfall and Talent War<br />Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics <br />
  16. 16. Millennials<br />Source: Monitor Group<br />
  17. 17. Our Data<br />How people think they use <br />their space:<br />WPI Survey<br /><ul><li>50 Companies
  18. 18. 10 Industries
  19. 19. 26,000 Respondents</li></ul>How people actually use <br />their space:<br />Work Activity Observations<br /><ul><li>18 Companies
  20. 20. 7 Industries
  21. 21. 420,000 Observation Data Points</li></ul>Source: Gensler Research<br />
  22. 22. WPI<br />
  23. 23. WPI<br />
  24. 24. WPI<br />
  25. 25. WPI<br />
  26. 26. WPI<br />
  27. 27. WPI: Typology of Modern Work<br />
  28. 28. WPI: Typology of Modern Work<br />
  29. 29. WPI: Typology of Modern Work<br />
  30. 30. Work Activity Observations<br />Walking ROUTES through the space every 30 min, gathering use DATA with hand held devices<br />18 Companies<br />7 Industries<br />420,000 Observations<br />
  31. 31. Reading an Observation Chart<br />Unoccupied<br />Temporarily Unoccupied<br />Eating<br />% of Observations<br />Computer<br />Average Space Utilization<br />Phone<br />Writing<br />Informal Collaboration<br />Formal Meeting<br />Time<br />
  32. 32. Observations: Private Offices<br />38% Use<br />42% Use<br />41% Use<br />
  33. 33. Observations: Workstations<br />60% Use<br />39% Use<br />46% Use<br />
  34. 34. Observations: Conference Rooms<br />36% Use<br />19% Use<br />34% Use<br />
  35. 35. Observations: All Spaces<br />39% Use<br />35% Use<br />43% Use<br />
  36. 36. Mobility: Open Sourcing the Office<br />
  37. 37. Mobility: Open Sourcing the Office<br />
  38. 38. Mobility: Open Sourcing the Office<br />
  39. 39. Mobility: Open Sourcing the Office<br />
  40. 40. HP Case Study<br />Previous Thames Valley<br />Total Net Usable Area - 451,304 sft<br />$8,900 per person<br />Total headcount = 2,845*<br />Consolidated Bracknell<br />Total Net Usable Area - 165,673 sf<br />$5,400 per person<br />Total headcount = 2,686*<br />63% Area Reduction<br />
  41. 41. HP Case Study<br />49% Energy Reduction<br />
  42. 42. HP Case Study<br />
  43. 43. HP Case Study<br />
  44. 44. HP Case Study<br />17,633<br />Number of employees expected to be newly mobile within 2 years<br />
  45. 45. Intuit Case Study<br />75%<br />The probability that at least one meeting participant is virtual<br />(even in meetings of 3)<br />
  46. 46. Sun Microsystems Case Study<br />
  47. 47. Mobility Cuts Carbon Emissions<br />
  48. 48. Mobility Reduces CO2/HC<br />
  49. 49. Mobility Reduces Cost<br />
  50. 50. SF Development Case Study<br />60Individuals<br />45Organizations<br />20Weeks<br />
  51. 51. SF Development Case Study<br />Credit: Shannon Loew<br />
  52. 52. WPI: Typology of Modern Work<br />
  53. 53. SF Development Case Study<br />
  54. 54. SF Development Case Study<br />
  55. 55. SF Development Case Study<br />
  56. 56. SF Development Case Study<br />
  57. 57. The Open Source City…<br />:lifestyle shift<br />working ‘9-5’ <br />Veterans<br />Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg<br />
  58. 58. The Open Source City…<br />:lifestyle shift<br />working ‘9-5’ <br />Veterans<br />working ‘24/7’ <br />Boomers, Gen X and Millennials<br />&gt;&gt;<br />Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg<br />
  59. 59. The Open Source City…<br />:work style shift<br />24% <br />identify the office as a productive place to work<br />Office as Primary Workplace<br />Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg<br />
  60. 60. The Open Source City…<br />:work style shift<br />62% <br />identify ‘away from the office’ as a productive place to work<br />24% <br />identify the office as a productive place to work<br />&gt;&gt;<br />Office as Secondary Workplace<br />Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg<br />
  61. 61. The Open Source City…<br />:officespace shift<br />38%<br />average office space utilization with 1:1 seating<br />Status Quo: 230 SF per Person, assigned seating<br />Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg<br />
  62. 62. The Open Source City…<br />:officespace shift<br />38%<br />average office space utilization with 1:1 seating<br />80% <br />average office space utilization with mobility & densification<br />&gt;&gt;<br />Mobility: 75 SF per person, shared seating<br />Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg<br />
  63. 63. The Open Source City…<br />:foot traffic shift<br />3 ½ hours<br />downtown foot traffic limited to lunchtime peak<br />Lunchtime Foot Traffic<br />Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg<br />
  64. 64. The Open Source City…<br />:foot traffic shift<br />3 ½ hours<br />downtown foot traffic limited to lunchtime peak<br />6 hours<br />greater office density & flex work schedules increase foot traffic<br />&gt;&gt;<br />Extended Hours Foot Traffic<br />Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg<br />
  65. 65. The Open Source City…<br />:pro forma shift<br />25,000 s.f.<br />average office building floor plate<br />Single-Tenant, Multi-Floor Head Quarters Model<br />Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg<br />
  66. 66. The Open Source City…<br />:pro forma shift<br />&lt;10,000 s.f.<br />67% of new leases in 2008 <br />25,000 s.f.<br />average office building floor plate<br />&gt;&gt;<br />Multi-Tenant Floor, Business Cluster Model<br />Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg<br />
  67. 67. The Open Source City…<br />:GDP/Carbon shift<br />110 metric tons<br />carbon emissions per employee : on-site & status quo<br />Higher Commute Energy Per HC<br />Lower Operations Energy per SF<br />Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg<br />
  68. 68. The Open Source City…<br />:GDP/Carbon shift<br />110 metric tons/yr<br />carbon emissions per employee : on-site & status quo<br />30 metric tons/yr<br />carbon emissions per employee : mobile & sustainable<br />&gt;&gt;<br />Lower Commute Energy Per HC<br />Higher Operations Energy per SF<br />Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg<br />
  69. 69. Implications<br />Individuals<br />Companies<br />Building Owners<br />Policy Makers<br />Increase Collaboration Discipline <br />Socialize Virtual Distance<br />Seed Social Computation<br />Design for Network and Cluster <br />Set your People Free<br />Reduce RE Op Ex & do less at higher quality<br />Manage CO2/HC<br />Mixed use as the new amenity<br />Cultivate Clusters as the HQ Replacement<br />Human & Environmental Performance<br />The Central Social District<br />Total Operating Carbon/HC<br />Changing Taxation Models<br />
  70. 70. Thank You<br />

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