PPT - Ring of Fire
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PPT - Ring of Fire PPT - Ring of Fire Presentation Transcript

  • Preface Dear Readers, This power point presentation has been designed how to learn what to do when you are hit by this disaster. In this power point presentation you will find the the disaster that struck the world. In this power point you’ll find the study, history and the plan how to do if you are hit by this disaster. This power point contains the study, history and circumstances happens in earth in the past years until now. 2
  • Introduction Greetings On Readers, The purpose of my presentation is to introduce the importance of preparedness in case of severe accidents impacting your area and what would make when it hits your area. And this disaster is Volcanic Activities and Eruption.This Disaster is very destructive to all human resources and natural resources. The one you will see in this presentation are examples only. It took only internet. 3
  • Table of Contents PAGE  CHAPTER 1 History - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5 – 21  CHAPTER 2 Gathered Information - - - - - - - 22 – 39 CHAPTER 3  Safety Tips - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -40  Conclusion - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41  Reference - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 42  Bibliography - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 43 4
  • CHAPTER 1 What is the Ring of Fire    A zone along the edge of Pacific Ocean that has many Volcanoes and Earthquakes.( Source 2) The horseshoe shaped belt stretches about 25,000 miles from New Zealand northwest to the Philippines, northeast to Japan, east to Alaska, and South to Oregon, California, Mexico, and the Andes Mountains of South America.( Source 2) It is a large ring of Stratovolcanoes circling the Pacific Ocean.( Source 3) 5
  • The Ring of Fire 6
  • How many Volcanoes and Earthquakes are in the Ring of Fire?  About 350 historically active Volcanoes in the Ring of Fire.( Source 2)  Home to 452 Volcanoes and 75% of worlds active and dormant Volcanoes. ( Source 1)  90% of the worlds earthquakes are on the Ring of Fire.( Source 1)  89% of worlds largest earthquakes happen along Ring of Fire.( Source 1) 7
  • How was the Ring of Fire made?  It is associated with a nearly continuous series of oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, and volcanic belts, and/or plate movements.( Source 1) 8
  • What is affected because of the Ring of Fire?  4 Continents are affected because of the Ring of Fire ( Asia, Oceania, North America, and South America.) ( Source 1)  8 Tectonic Plates are affected ( Pacific plate, Cocos plate, Nazca plate, Philippine plate, North American plate, Eurasian plate, Indo-Australia, and South American plate.) ( Source 2) 9
  • What is the best known dormant Volcanoes in the Ring of Fire?  Top 5 most known Dormant Volcanoes in Ring of Fire are…. ( Source 4)  1: MT. Rainier  2: MT. Fuji  3: MT. Hood  4: MT. Shasta  5: MT. Edgecumbe 10
  • Are the Volcanoes in the Hawaiian Islands part of the Ring of Fire?  Mona Loa and Kilauea in the Hawaiian Islands are not part of the Ring of Fire. Source 2) 11 (
  • What are some examples of Volcanoes or Earthquakes that are on the Ring of Fire  Some examples are…… 12
  • Mt. St. Helens  Mt. St. Helens is a Volcano that is part of the Ring of Fire that erupted in 1980.( Source 1) 13
  • The San Francisco earthquake of 1989.  The San Francisco earthquake of 1989 is part of Ring of Fire.( Source 1) 14
  • Mt. Popocatepetl  Popocatepetl is a Volcano in Mexico that is part of Ring of Fire that last erupted in 2012 it is ongoing.( Source 1) 15
  • Mt. Fuji  Mt. Fuji is a Volcano in Japan that’s part of the Ring of Fire it last erupted in 1707-08.( Source 1) 16
  • Mt. Pinatubo  Mt. Pinatubo is a Volcano in Philippines and part of Ring of Fire and it last erupted in 1991. ( Source 1) 17
  • Mayon Volcano  Mayon Volcano is part of the Ring of Fire it last erupted in 2010 it is in the Philippines.( Source1) 18
  • Mt. Edziza  Mt. Edziza is a volcano in British Columbia, Canada that is part of the Ring of Fire it last erupted in 1340 BP.( Source 1) 19
  • Chile  Chile ( located in South America and is part of Ring of Fire) holds the record for the largest earthquake ever recorded in 1960 at 9.5.( Source 1) 20
  • My Graph 21
  • Volcanoes CHAPTER 2 22
  • Definitions      Viscosity - the property of a fluid that resists the force tending to cause the fluid to flow Magma - molten material beneath or within the earth's crust, from which igneous rock is formed Lava - the molten, fluid rock that issues from a volcano or volcanic vent Ash - the powdery residue of matter that remains after burning Caldera - A large crater formed by volcanic explosion or by collapse of a volcanic cone. 23
  • What is a volcano?  A volcano is an opening in the Earth’s crust, which allows hot magma, ash and gases to escape 24
  • Structure of a Volcano 25
  • What Greeks Believed  Volcano is from the Latin word vulcan  Thought it was an entrance to the fiery underworld.  Thought the god of Fire, Hephaestus, lived beneath Mt. Etna 26
  • Ring of Fire!!  90% of volcanoes are in the Ring of Fire which is band of volcanoes circling the Pacific Ocean 27
  • Largest Volcano in the World • • • • • Mauna Loa, on Hawaii’s Big Island Shield Volcano Made by several lava flows Top to bottom 56,000 ft Last eruption in 1984 28
  • Classify  Active - has erupted since the last ice age  Dormant – hasn’t erupted in the last 10,000 years, but is expected to erupt again  Extinct – no one ever expects it to erupt again 29
  • Types of Volcanoes  Shield volcano  Stratovolcano  Supervolcano  Submarine volcano  Subglacial volcano  Mud volcano 30
  • Shield Volcano     Broad, shield like profile Formed by the eruption of low-viscosity lava that can flow a great distance from a vent Since low-viscosity magma is typically low in silica, shield volcanoes are more common in oceanic than continental settings. Found in Hawaii and 31
  • Stratovolcano     Tall conical mountains composed of lava flows in alternate layers Also known as composite volcanoes, created from several structures during different kinds of eruptions Made of cinders, ash and lava. Cinders and ash pile on top of each other, lava flows on top of the ash, where it cools and hardens, and then the process begins again. Mt. Fuji, Mt. Vesuvius, and Mt. Mayon are examples 32
  • Supervolcano  Large volcano that usually has a large caldera and can potentially produce devastation on an enormous, sometimes continental, scale  Such eruptions would be able to cause severe cooling of global temperatures for many years afterwards because of the huge volumes of sulfur and ash erupted  They are the most dangerous type  Examples include Yellowstone Caldera in Yellowstone National Park and Valles Caldera in New Mexico  Hard to identify centuries later, 33
  • Submarine Volcano  Common features on the ocean floor.  Some are active and, in shallow water, blast steam and rocky debris high above the surface of the sea.  Many others lie at such great depths that the tremendous weight of the water above them prevents the explosive release of steam and gases, although they can be detected by hydrophones and discoloration of water because of volcanic gases. Pumice rafts may also appear. Even large submarine eruptions may not disturb the ocean surface. • Because of the rapid cooling effect of water as compared to air, and increased buoyancy, submarine volcanoes often form rather steep pillars over their volcanic vents as compared to above-surface volcanoes. They may become so large that they break the ocean surface as new islands. 34
  • Subglacial Volcano      Develop underneath icecaps. Made up of flat lava which flows at the top of extensive pillow lavas When the icecap melts, the lavas on the top collapse leaving a flat-topped mountain. Also called table mountains Examples are in 35
  • Mud Volcano  Formations created by geo-excreted liquids and gases, although there are several different processes which may cause such activity.  The largest structures are 10 kilometers in diameter and reach 700 meters high. 36
  • Mt. St. Helens  Located in Washington  Stratovolcano  Most famous for eruption on May 18, 1980  Most active volcano in United States 37
  • May 18, 1980  Most catastrophic eruption  57 people killed, 250 homes, 47 bridges, 15 miles of railway, and 185 miles of highway were destroyed  Caused a mass debris avalanche bringing the elevation from 9,667ft to 8,365ft  Made a horseshoe shaped crater 38
  • Volcano Benefits  Provide valuable mineral deposits  Fertile soils  Geothermal energy  Lava can build new land, like in Hawaii 39
  • Safety tips •Stay away from active volcanoes. • If you live near an active volcano, keep goggles and a mask in an emergencykit, along with a flashlight and a working, battery-operated radio. • Know your evacuation route. Keep gas in your car. If a Volcano Erupts in your Area • Know your evacuation route. Keep gas in your car. • Evacuate only as recommended by authorities to stay clear of lava, mud flows, and flying rocks and debris. •Avoid river areas and low-lying regions. •Before you leave the house, change into long-sleeved shirts and long pants and use goggles or eyeglasses, not contacts. Wear an emergency mask or hold a damp cloth over your face. •If you are not evacuating, close windows and doors and block chimneys and other vents, to prevent ash from coming into the house. •Be aware that ash may put excess weight on your roof and need to be swept away. Wear protection during cleanups. •Ash can damage engines and metal parts, so avoid driving. If you must drive, stay 40 below 35 miles (56 kilometers) an hour.
  • Conclusion Now, to sum up my presentation the main points of my presentation is about Pacific ring of fire. Pacific ring of fire is a group of volcanoes surrounding many counties. Philippines is a part of pacific ring of fire Volcano is very destructive. Volcano can make an Earthquake because of volcanic activities and some after volcanic eruption. In conclusion, my recommendations are : your mind should be active in calamities you have to be ready if theres any calamities written in this conlusion. 41
  • Resources  www.wikipedia.com  http://blogs.oregonstate.edu/volcanofaq/  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/forces ofnature/interactive/index.html  http://dictionary.reference.com/  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volcano_(film)  http://facts.randomhistory.com/2009/01/30 _volcanoes.html  www.amazon.com 42
  • Bibliography  Source 1: Wikimedia Foundation, INC. (March 19 2012) The Pacific Ring of Fire. Wikipedia. March 19 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Ring_of_Fire>  Source 2: World Book, INC. (2005) World Book encyclopedia 2005 edition. Chicago,Illinois: World Book, INC.  Source 3: BrainPOP. (1999-2012). Volcanoes. BrainPop. (March 19 2012). <http://www.brainpop.com/>  Source 4: Yahoo! (2012) What are the top 5 most known dormant volcanoes in the ring of fire? Yahoo! Answers. (March 19 2012). <http://answers.yahoo.com/> 43 18