Our district’s number one goal is to continuosly improve student growth and achievement. Full day kindergarten is a way we can meet this goal with our youngest shareholders.
Kindergarten is the transition between home and school, preschool and elementary school – the foundation for social and academic skill development.
Typically these are the answers we get to this question. However, Kindergarten’s mission has changed from helping children get used to school to getting them ready to achieve in first grade.
Dunlap has invested in curriculum materials for us to meet the ever changing kindergarten standards. These programs are designed primarily for all dayy kindergartens. This slide shows the recommended minutes for each. As you can see we are not meeting the recommended minutes per day.
Our current kindergarten program has several challenges. Mainly we lack the time in our schedule to include enough science and writing. Time is limited in small groups and social experiences. There is no time schedule for technology and PE
Dunlap’s vision is to have students participating in higher level thinking activities. In a kindergarten classroom, this would include time in cooperative groups exploring math, science and language opportunities.
Research on full day kindergarten shows an increase in academic achievement. Full day kindergarten also provides the TIME for cooperative group work and centers as well as time for enrichment and re-teaching.
Full Day Kindergarten connects with Dunlap’s Vision. -By participating in more small and cooperative groups and centers, the children will explore and create – they will become critical thinkers. -Working together to solve problems or creating – they will become effective communicators and skilled collaborators. -Working with classmates who have different skill sets and backgrounds will allow children to help others – making them more responsible and culturally aware -Working on self directed projects will give students time to use their imagination. They will be able to explore freely (less stress). Students will become self-motivated learners.
There are many benefits to full day kindergarten. These benefits include: more instructional time for core curriculum, more small group time, time to differentiate instruction, and time to develop social and emotional skills. You will see that TIME, additional classroom time is key to many of these benefits. Additionally, full day kindergarten would provide an environment that favors a child centered, developmentally appropriate approach. Meaning let the children come to the content – don’t give content to them. Full day kindergarten has also been shown to enhance academic achievement in the areas of Math and Reading lasting through 3 rd grade. FDK offers us the ability to close the achievement gap for our ELL and economically disadvantaged students. Lastly, FDK would put an end to the mid-day transportation issues.
This slide illustrates a FDK daily schedule. The lines in green are Language Arts minutes – total 120 minutes. The blue lines are Math minutes – total 50 minutes.
These photos illustrate our kindergarten children meeting the kindergarten standards in a child centered, developmentally appropriate way. They are exploring math and language in self directed centers and small groups. They are engaged. Exploring. Making decisions and observations. All higher level thinking skills.
This graph illustrates the additional instruction time FDK would give our students.
1. Achieving Our Goals With Full Day Kindergarten! Goal 1: To continuously improve student growth and achievement.
2. Full Day Kindergarten <ul><li>Building the foundation </li></ul><ul><li>During the first few years of school, a child’s foundation, for his/her entire academic career, is established. </li></ul>
3. What do you think kindergarten students do at school? Play Stories Paint/color Recess Snack ABC’s Numbers
4. Recommended Instructional Time Subject Recommended Minutes/Day Current Minutes/Day Source Reading Instruction 90 30 Florida Center for Reading Research Math 60 20 National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Science 30+ 0 Scott Foresman Science Phonemic Awareness/ Phonics 30+ 10 ISBE ‘s“Principal’s Flip Chart” (2005), Florida Center for Reading Research Writing 30+ 0 ISBE‘s “Principal’s Flip Chart” (2005), Florida Center for Reading Research Total 240 60
5. <ul><li>Current Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Limited instructional time to teach district curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily whole group instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction devoted solely to academics </li></ul><ul><li>Limited special offerings </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>No science, limited writing experience </li></ul><ul><li>Limited time for small group instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Limited time for social interaction/ centers </li></ul><ul><li>No time for technology or physical education </li></ul>
6. Increasing Expectations With New Core Standards Today’s kindergarten students will be the first students to take the new common core assessment as 3 rd graders. IL Learning Standards New Common Core Count to 30 Count on from a given number Investigate addition and subtraction Fluent in addition and subtract Recognize and identify basic shapes Analyze, compare, compose 2 and 3D shapes Explore word relationships, demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives , distinguish shades of meaning among verbs Identify beginning and ending sounds. Isolate and pronounce the beginning, middle and ending sounds. Begin to write simple sentences. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion, informative and narrative pieces. Represent stories through pictures, words and play Explore digital tools to produce and publish writing
8. Examining Full Day Kindergarten <ul><li>Research says that all day kindergarten… </li></ul><ul><li>Increases academic achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Builds the foundation for school/life success </li></ul><ul><li>Provides time for mastery of skills </li></ul><ul><li>Provides time for teacher directed cooperative group work and learning centers </li></ul>Source: "Full Day Kindergarten - Expanding Learning Opportunities." West Ed Policy Brief . N.p., n.d. Web. 15 July 2011. <www.wested.org/online_pubs/po-05-01.pdf>.
9. Connecting With the Dunlap Vision Source: "Full Day Kindergarten - Expanding Learning Opportunities." West Ed Policy Brief . N.p., n.d. Web. 15 July 2011. <www.wested.org/online_pubs/po-05-01.pdf>. Dunlap Vision Full Day Kindergarten Promotes Critical thinkers Development of higher order thinking skills Effective communicators Stronger language skills Skilled collaborators Better social skills Responsible & culturally aware citizens Greater empathy Self-motivated learners More imagination Greater self-control Lower levels of stress
10. <ul><li>Benefits of Full Day Kindergarten </li></ul><ul><li>More formal and informal instructional time for core subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>More time in teacher-directed individual work and learning centers that encourages cognitive development . </li></ul><ul><li>More time to differentiate instruction . </li></ul><ul><li>Time to develop children's social and emotional skills , including conflict resolution strategies. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides an environment that favors a child-centered, developmentally appropriate approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced academic achievement in the areas of Math and Reading lasting through 5th grade. </li></ul><ul><li>Closing of the achievement gap for ELL and economically disadvantaged learners. </li></ul><ul><li>No mid-day transportation issues. </li></ul>
11. Sample Full Day Schedule: Total 420 Minutes Time Subject/Activity Minutes 7:45-7:50 Unpack 5 7:50-8:05 Calendar (Math) 15 8:05-8:15 Phonemic Awareness 10 8:15-8:35 Phonics Instruction 20 8:35-9:00 Math (direct instruction) 25 9:00-9:10 Bathroom Break, Decodable Books 10 9:10-9:30 Recess 20 9:30-9:40 Handwriting Practice 10 9:40-10:10 Language Arts (LBD) 30 10:10-10:30 Shared Writing and Reading Activities 20 10:30-11:00 Science, Unit Activities 30 11:00-11:50 Lunch, Recess, Bathroom Break 50 11:50-12:10 Quiet Reading 20 12:10-12:30 Story 20 12:30-1:00 Language Centers, Guided Reading 30 1:00-1:30 Special – Music, Art, Technology or PE 30 1:30-2:00 Bathroom Break, Snack, Recess 30 2:00-2:25 Differentiation, Math Centers 25 2:25-2:45 Pack Up, Daily Review, Dismissal 15
12. Strengthening Core Standards Count to 100 by 1’s and 10’s. Problem solving: What comes next? Adding details to strengthen writing. Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.
13. More Time! With a full day program.
14. What Would Full Day K Look Like? <ul><li>EDK no longer needed (integrated within full day program) </li></ul><ul><li>Direct instruction of the core curriculum will occur during the mornings. </li></ul><ul><li>Half day students would attend mornings in a full day class. </li></ul><ul><li>Afternoons devoted to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review, enrichment, extensions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading and math groups, small group instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Centers (math, science, language, technology) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specials </li></ul></ul>
15. What Resources Are Needed to Implement Full Day Kindergarten?
16. Full Day Kindergarten Expenditures Total cost to implement full day kindergarten is $32,787 Added Cost Revenue or Savings Balance Projected Cost $225,000 $225,000 Additional ADA $107,213 -$117,787 Transportation Savings $85,000 -$32,787
17. Educational Priorities <ul><li>High School Enhancements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanded PLTW & AP offerings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online/virtual learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Middle School Enhancements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-designed exploratory offerings with the addition of PLTW (Gateway to Technology), Foreign Language for all, and Global/Economic Awareness course </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recommended Elementary School Enhancement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of full day kindergarten </li></ul></ul>
19. <ul><li>Can we successfully meet the rigor and expectations of the common core and 21 st Century learning without all day kindergarten? </li></ul>
20. Summary <ul><li>½ day program won’t meet the new standards </li></ul><ul><li>Research-based strategy delivers results! </li></ul><ul><li>High parent expectation for full day kindergarten Classroom space already allocated when District boundaries were revised </li></ul><ul><li>Needed strategy; our journey from good to great </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal cost (under $33,000) compared to the expected return on investment! </li></ul>