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Gender differences in developing sexual values and attitudes

Gender differences in developing sexual values and attitudes



Gender differences in developing Sexual Values and Attitudes

Gender differences in developing Sexual Values and Attitudes



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    Gender differences in developing sexual values and attitudes Gender differences in developing sexual values and attitudes Presentation Transcript

    • Prepared by: Jaylyn B. Geronimo. BSED 3-F (SS)
    • What is Sexual Values?
    • A. Meaning of Sexual Values 1. The system of stimulation and response that a person needs for a satisfactory sexual relationship. 2. A person's beliefs about morals, normal and acceptable sexual behaviour.
    • B. Here are some questions that can help you define your sexual values. When reading them, think about if you agree or if you feel it applies to you, your life, or your current relationship. 1. Do you value emotional closeness? 2. Do you believe in, respect and love your body?
    • 3. Do you feel open and willing to share intimate feelings with another person? 4. Are you able to express your love nonverbally as well as verbally? 5. Are you comfortable openly asking your partner about their emotional and sexual needs? 6. Are you comfortable openly telling your partner your emotional and sexual needs?
    • Many females are able to experience multiple orgasms, whereas most males experience a rest period (called the “refractory period”) after they ejaculate and before they are able to become erect again.
    • Also, males have an easier time determining if they are sexually aroused, likely because an erect penis provides a clear cue whereas females do not have such an obvious indicator.
    • • Heterosexual men become aroused mostly by women’s bodies, and homosexual men are aroused mostly by men’s bodies. • Heterosexual women, however, are likely to be aroused by visual depictions of either sex, especially if sexual activity is taking place, though lesbians tend to be aroused mostly by erotic images of women (Chivers, Seto, & Blanchard, 2007).
    • • Many more men than women develop paraphilia (sexual arousal in response to atypical situations, partners, or objects, such as a fetish for women’s feet or women’s shoes). • Women with high sex drives are more likely to be attracted to both sexes, but that is not true for men with high sex drives (Lippa,2006).
    • • On average, males of all ages are more likely than females to engage in masturbation, especially during childhood and adolescence.
    • • As a result, most males experience sexual pleasure initially through self-stimulation, whereas for many females, sexual pleasure may be experienced for the first time with another person.
    • • By middle age, many men have developed an increased appreciation of the relational aspects of sexuality, and many women have developed a greater enjoyment of physical pleasure. Indeed, by middle adulthood, relationship factors may be more important to men’s enjoyment of sex than to women’s (Carpenter, Nathanson, & Kim, 2009).
    • • Though the frequency of sexual activity gradually declines and bodily responses change, the majority of both men and women continue to engage in intercourse and other sexual activities throughout older age (Schick et al., 2010).
    • • Men continue to report higher levels of extramarital sexual activity, and they appear to think more often about sex, though certainly not nearly to the degree that is commonly believed (Fisher, Moore, & Pittenger, 2012).
    • • While members of both sexes tend to become more aroused by a new partner, variety in sexual partners is considered more appealing to men (Schmitt et al., 2003). Indeed, men consistently report having had more sexual partners than women. • Men also report higher prevalence and frequency of masturbation at all ages. In addition, men are more likely to report viewing erotic material.
    • • Men tend to be more permissive with regard to their attitudes toward sex, and they are more accepting of casual sex. • Men are also more likely than women to view sex as an activity that does not have to take place within the context of a committed relationship. In general, women are more inclined to report • negative emotional reactions to sexuality, a trait known as “erotophobia.”
    • • The social structural theory states that the critical cause of sex differences is social structure. Because men and women tend to have different social roles, they become psychologically different to adjust to their social roles (Eagly & Wood, 1999).
    • • Social structural theory views sex differences as built-in tendencies to attempt to accommodate assignment to social roles (Eagly & Wood, 1999). • This theory emphasizes that mate selection by women is not only focused on reproduction of children but also on power and social status. Mate selection is women's way to move up the social ladder.
    • A. Men as Sexually Aggressive, Women as Sexually Passive a.1 Female-superior position -A coital position in which the woman is on top.
    • a.2 Male-superior position - A coital position in which the man is on top.
    • 1. The first sign is if a person doesn’t know how to take no for an answer. They may think they’re being lead on or teased and it makes them angry to the point of becoming sexually aggressive. They feel this person is just playing hard to get and really doesn’t want them to stop even if they say stop.
    • 2. Masturbation is becoming a daily, often public activity. Enjoying engaging in this form of sexual behavior in front of others or out in public and without care if it offends other people. Many often do it to see a person’s reaction, but are not bothered by public exposure.
    • 3. Enjoying watching very explicit and graphic pornography involving adults, children or even animals. Getting very turned on by violence in a pornographic movie.
    • 4. Sex is not viewed as something that should be shared by two people that truly care about one another. 5. Enjoys participating in sexual group activities such as orgies.
    • 6. Often fantasizes about dominating sexual acts. Which may involve violence, becoming sexually aggressive and fantasizing about harming someone during sexual play. 7. Trying to force someone to perform a sexual act against their will is sexual aggression.
    • b. Women as sexually assertive, Man as sexually receptive
    • 15 Reasons Why Emotionally Healthy Men Love Assertive Women 1. He can feel fully present. 2. He can trust you. 3. He yearns for and wants that energy. 4. He doesn’t have to worry about manipulation or trickery and deceitful behavior with you.
    • 5. He doesn’t have to work as hard. 6. You are so incredibly fun to be with. 7. He doesn’t have to “save you.” 8. You are deeply spiritual, and likely intuitive. 9 .He knows you aren’t interested in “changing him.” 10. He realizes you’re taking a risk on him. 11. You’re not a clueless communicator.
    • 12. You take care of yourself and look good 13. He loves your attitude about life. 14. He loves your inner security. 15. You’re love life is anything but “boring.”
    • What is Aphrodisiac?
    • a. Meaning of Aphrodisiac - something (such as a food, drink, or drug) that causes or increases sexual desire.
    • 1. Oysters • One of the most notorious aphrodisiacs, oysters are high in zinc and have a reputation for being great for love and fertility. Researchers recently found that oysters contain amino acids that trigger production of sex hormones.
    • 2. Chili Peppers • This invigorating spice has an exotic reputation and a bright red color, which could be why it's considered a symbol of love. But there's scientific backing, too. Chili peppers stimulate endorphins (the brain's feel good chemicals), speed up heart rate and make you sweat, which all mimic how you feel when you're aroused, Dr. Meryl S. Rosofsky told the New York Times.
    • 3. Avocado • It could be the sensuous pear shape, or the rich flavor of the fruit that gave avocado its aphrodisiac reputation as far back as the Aztecs. And while the jury is still out on just how lust-ful avocados are, Barbara Klein, professor of food and nutrition at the University of Illinois, told the California Avocado Commission that the fruit's high levels of vitamin E could help keep the spark alive because of its role in maintaining "youthful vigor and energy level."
    • 4. Chocolate • Chocolate is sensual, from its taste to its aroma, but dark chocolate has also been shown to cause a spike in dopamine, which induces feelings of pleasure.
    • 5. Bananas • With its phallic shape, bananas already look like a feel-good food; but they also contain bromelain, an enzyme which Dr. Oz says triggers testosterone production, and the fruit's potassium and vitamin B elevate energy levels.
    • 6. Honey • Honey is made through pollination and is a symbol of procreation. Birds and bees ring a bell? In fact, the word 'honeymoon' got its name from mead, an alcoholic beverage made from honey given to the happy new bride and groom. It also contains boron, which helps regulate estrogen and testosterone levels and provides a natural energy boost.
    • 7. Coffee • The caffeine in coffee is a stimulant that ups the heart rate and makes the blood flow. One study conducted with female rats and published in the journal Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior suggested that coffee could put women in the mood for sex.
    • 8. Watermelon • According to sciencedaily.com, this 'lycopene king' may have a Viagra-like effect on the body, as it relaxes blood vessels and improves circulation.
    • 9. Pine Nuts • High in energizing zinc, which has been linked to a healthy sex drive, pine nuts are also considered aphrodisiacs because of the effort required to procure these oily gems from pine cones.
    • 10. Arugula • According to gourmetsleuth.com, this peppery plant has been documented as an aphrodisiac since the first century A.D. The minerals and antioxidants found in dark leafy greens like arugula have also been proven to block environmental contaminates that could negatively harm libido, says Dr. Walt Larimore MD, a medical journalist, author and physician.
    • References: • Human Sexuality in a world of Diversity (4th edition) Spencer A. Rathus, Jeffrey s. New, Fichner Rathus • http://www.personalityresearch.org/papers/denisiuk.html • http://www.rd.com/slideshows/top-10-aphrodisiacs/ • http://www.mademan.com/mm/sexually-aggressive- behavior-symptoms.html • http://wellness.truman.edu/index.php/wellness/healthy- relationships/defining-your-sexual-values/ • http://psychologydictionary.org/sexual-value- system/#ixzz2tXdHutlw • www.googleimages.com • http://tamishaford.com/2013/05/15-reasons-why- emotionally-healthy-men-love-assertive-women/