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Nanotech presentation

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  • 1. INTRODUCTION
    NANOTECHNOLOGY
    PRESENTERS: JAY-R APOSTOL
    MAHMOUD AOUN
    DATE: MARCH 24, 2011
  • 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS
    1. NANOTECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
    1.1 HISTORY OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
    1.2 DEFINITION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
    2. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN ENGINEERING
    2.1 NANOMACHINES
    2.2 NANOBOTS
    3. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN ELECTRONICS
    3.1 WAYS OF IMPROVEMENT
    3.2 NANOELECTRONICS: APPLICATIONS UNDER DEVELOPMENT
    4. NANOTECHNLOGY IN MEDICINE
    4.1 DRUG DELIVERY
    4.2 THERAPY TECHNICS
    4.3 ANTI-MICROBIAL TECHNIQUES
    5. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
    6. REFERENCES
  • 3. NANOTECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
    • HISTORY OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
    • 4. DEFINITION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
  • NANOTECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
    HISTORY OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
    - Moore’s Law
    - Development of nanotechnology since 1965
  • 5. NANOTECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
    DEFINITION OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
    First what is Nano?
    Nano - A prefix
    - From Greek word náno - meaning dwarf
    - Extremely small
    - In the names of units of measure – one billionth
    -Nano meter scale - one billionth of a meter ( x10-9 m. )
  • 6. NANOTECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
  • 7. NANOTECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW
    What is Technology?
    Technology – the branch of knowledge that deals with creation in the fields of :
    - Engineering
    - Industrial arts
    - Applied science
    - Pure science
    Now what is Nanotechnology?
    - The engineering of functional systems at a molecular scale
    - The manipulation of the structure of matter at the molecular level
    - The “bottom up” approach of building materials from a nanometer scale using techniques and tools being developed today to make complete, highly advanced products.
    - Basically mean small technology
  • 8. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN ENGINEERING
    • NANOMACHINES
    • 9. NANOBOTS
  • NANOTECHNOLOGY IN ENGINEERING
    2. 1 NANOMACHINES
    I-switch
    - ADNA nanomachine
    - Externally triggered by protons
    - Based on fluorescence resounance energy transfer(FRET)
    - Functions as a pH(a measure of acidity) sensor
  • 10. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN ENGINEERING
    Drosophila cells with the I-switch inside their endosomes.
    I-switch mapping out spatial and temporal pH changes associated with endosome maturation.
  • 11. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN ENGINEERING
    Nanoimpellers
    - Nanotubes made of light-sensitive silica
    - Carries cancer-killing drugs
    - Targets only cancer cells
    - Injected into human cancer cells in vitro
    How does it work?
    When light strikes the silica
    - Tiny tails inside the tubes wag back and forth
    - Creates a current that releases the drugs out of the tube
  • 12. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN ENGINEERING
    A cancer cell culture from a kidney tumour is shown.
  • 13. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN ENGINEERING
    2.2 NANOBOTS
    Mechanical Nanobots
    Consists of:
    - Head
    - Two arms
    - Two legs
    Fictional Nanobot
  • 14. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN ENGINEERING
    Biological Nanobot
    Nanobot Made of Bacteria
    - Can be injected with catheter
    - Can be guided with magnetic field
    - It’s purpose is to deliver a toxic
    payload
  • 15.
    • WAYS OF IMPROVEMENT
    • 16. NANOELECTRONICS APPLICATION
    NANOTECHNOLOGY IN ELECTRONICS
  • 17. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN ELECTRONICS
    3.1 WAYS OF INPROVEMENT:
    - Reduce the weight and power consumption.
    - Improve display screens on electronics devices.
    - Increase the density of memory chips.
    - Reduce the size of transistors used in integrated circuits.
  • 18. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN ELECTRONICS
    3.2 NANOELECTRONICS: APPLICATIONS UNDER DEVELOPMENT
    - Building transistors
    - Using electrodes made from nanowires
    - Developing molecular-sized transistors
    - Using nanosized magnetic rings
    - Usage of carbon nanotubes
  • 19.
    • DRUG DELIVERY
    • 20. THERAPY TECHNIQUES
    • 21. ANTI – MICROBIAL TECHNIQUES
    NANOTECHNOLOGY IN MEDICINE
  • 22. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN MEDICINE
    4.1 DRUG DELIVERY
    - Employing nanoparticles to deliver drugs.
    - Oral administration of
    drugs.
  • 23. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN MEDICINE
    4.2 THERAPY TECHNIQUES
    - Buckyballs
    - Nanoshells
    - Nanoparticles
    - AluminosilicateNanoparticles
    - Nanofibers
  • 24. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN MEDICINE
    4.3 ANTI-MICROBIAL TECHNIQUES
    - Nanoparticle Cream - Nanocapsules
    - Cell repairs using Nanorobots
  • 25. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
    - From being a theory to something we can now see, words turned into reality.
    - Nanotechnology has evolved over the period of time for many decades, and is now showing its potential to the whole world.
    - The development of nanomachines such as: I-switch, nanoimpellers, nanobots etc.
    - Nanotechnology will increase your standard of living.
    - Up to today nanotechnology is what's in, what's new, and what's the latest technology being developed all over the world.
  • 26. REFERENCES (IMAGES)
    Berger, M. (2009)
    http://www.nanowerk.com/spotlight/id10028.jpg
    Bland, E. (2008)
    http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2008/04/14/gallery/cancer-cells-324x205.jpg
    3. Anonimous (2010)
    http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_QIjZXwAi4ag/TIKuge55MGI/AAAAAAAABS8/Q
    73ywLx2_5w/s1600/nanobots1.jpg
    4. Anonimous (2010)
    http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_QIjZXwAi4ag/TIKxNvQ3hsI/AAAAAAAABTA/p
    Hkx_zQHXsk/s1600/Two-Legged-Nanobot-Can-Walk-on-DNA-2.jpg
    5.   Nature Education Editorial(June 25, 2009)http://www.nature.com/scitable/blog/student-voices/nanoparticle_concerns_getting_under_your1
    Medgadget, internet journal of emerging medical tecnology,Wednesday, March 16, 2011 http://www.medgadget.com/archives/2011/03/researchers_use_gold_nanoparticles_as_drug_carrier_in_new_cancer_treatment.html
    Star Group Research, (01-19-10). http://www.pitt.edu/~astar/Star_research.htm
  • 27. REFERENCES (TEXT)
    Anonymous. (2011). nano.
    Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/nano
    Anonymous. (2011). Technology.
    Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/technology
    3. Treder, M. (2006,March 17). What is Nanotechnology?
    Retrieved from http://crnano.typepad.com/crnblog/2004/05/what_is_nanotec.html
    Berger, M. (2009, April 9). Synthetic DNA nanomachines go to work inside living cells
    Retrieved from http://www.nanowerk.com/spotlight/spotid=10028.php
    Bland, E. (2008, April 4). Nanoimpellers Zap Cancer Cells From Within
    Retrieved from http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2008/04/14/nanoimpeller-cancer.html
    National Cancer Institute Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer(Nanomedicine)
    Retrieved from http://www.understandingnano.com/medicine.html
    Center for Electron Transport in Molecular Nanostructures at Columbia University
    (Nanoelectronics) http://www.understandingnano.com/nanotechnology-electronics.html
    8. History of Nanotechnology http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_nanotechnology
  • 28. 40/40
    Are there any questions?