European Urban Design forSustainabilityBudapest,HungaryMOHAMAD JAYKHAN BIN AHLAN A128493MUHAMAD AMINURLAH BIN JAMIN A128652SHAZRIZIL ZAKARIA A128642
Part 1:Introduction,Budapest CityThe capital and the largest city of Hungary ,the largest in East-Central Europe and the seventh largest in the European Union.The city covers an area of 525 square kilometres (202.7 sq mi).In 2011, Budapest had 1.74 million inhabitants.
Part 2 : Budapest Development ConceptMedium-Term City Development Programme For Budapest (The Podmaniczky Programme) :-3 main objectives :-1) The town should be made more pleasant to live in2) It should become more competitive3) It should show more social awarenessExample :-1) The pedestrianised city centre2) The improvements in public transport3) Development of certain inner areas
Part 2 : Cont.Core programme:-Project areaElements of core programmeExtended project - elements
Part 3 : Core ProgrammeProgramme elements resulting in a more dynamic town :-Tranport.1) The complete setting up of the Budapest TransportAssociation (BKSZ)2) Enlargement of the Park n Ride (P+R) system3) Continual updating of public transport vehicles4) Making the redevelopment of public roads more intensive5) Widening Nagy Lajos király Road6) Enlargement of the cycle path network
Part 3 : Cont.Sustainability (in term of environment) :-1) The development of green areas (Orczy Garden,and the park on Csepel Island)2) Increased cleaning of public places – above the earmarkedsources3) The redevelopment of the centralised heatingsystem
Part 3 :Cont.Economic & Social :-1) Encouraging tourism by means of effective marketing2) Exploiting the hi-tech area to its fullest potential.3) Improving the quality of trading standards4) Recreational and cultural use of Közraktárak5) The development of the cultural centre at Erzsébet Square
PROBLEM STATEMENT• Demand for easing the long distance andinternational flow of goods over-riding localsustainability needs.• Overcome negative effects such as excessivecar-based mobility and urban sprawl.• Growing prosperity and wealth, increasedemands for improved quality of life.
Overall Objective of Sustainable UrbanDevelopment• Achieve healthy and high quality of life for allpeople in this and subsequent generations.
Restrictions• Number of procedural constraints.• System of territorial admin is unwieldy with noadmin at intermediate level, eg : no tiers of gov.between even the smallest village and the 19counties.• Develpoer constrained by simple zoningregulations and difficulty to influence in designprocess.• Numerous environmental agencies control zoningplan/building codes but their acitivity is lesseffective.
Restrictions(cont.)• Little way of policies, economic incentives andsubsidy• No land value tax that could help finance landdevelopment ( regenaration of brown-fieldarea and inner city renewal)• Most of state-owned agencies and companieshave been dissolved in most Hungarian cities.
Restrictions(cont.)• Dissolved of this agencies leaving littleexpertise on the public side.• No public companies or public-privatecompanies to address social housing needs.
Case Study : Ferencvaros, 9th District ofBudapest• An example of sucessful public-private urbanrenewal operations.• Based on adoption of market-based housingpolicies since early 1980s.• Abandoned mass privatisatins in favour ofmaintaining public responsibilties.• Maintained traditional street patterns andhousing design.• Reject early plan of radical modernise housingdevelopment.
Case Study : Cont.• Project characterised by excellent co-opbetween public and private stakeholders.• Received financial subsidies from both the cityand the District.