Presentation To N P T I O Il & Gas Source Nov 03 1

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  • Presentation To N P T I O Il & Gas Source Nov 03 1

    1. 1. <ul><li> Sources of </li></ul><ul><li> Oil & Gas </li></ul><ul><li> by </li></ul><ul><li>Rohit Verma, </li></ul><ul><li>NPTI,Faridabad, India </li></ul>
    2. 2. RELEVANCE OF THE TOPIC FOR POWER SECTOR <ul><li>Alternate fuels for thermal power generation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solid Fuels: Coal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liquid Fuels: Crude Oil, Naphtha, Fuel Oil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaseous Fuels: NG or LNG (Bio-gas insignificant) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With new indigenous gas finds and growing LNG infrastructure, Gas is expected to emerge as a competing fuel </li></ul>
    3. 3. Power Generation Tariff from Competing Fuels 2.7 3.2 0.5 (Pithead) 1.0 (1000 kms) 2.2 Domestic Coal (Grassroots Plants) 0.9 1.4 0.5 (Pithead) 1.0 (1000 kms) 0.40 Domestic Coal (Old Plants) 4.2 3.0 1.2 Naphtha 2.8 1.6 1.2 LNG 2.8 1.6 1.2 Deregulated Domestic NG (New CCGT) 2.2 1.0 1.2 Subsidised Domestic NG (New CCGT) 1.4 1.0 0.4 Subsidised Domestic NG (Old CCGT) Total, Rs/kWh Variable, Rs/kWh Fixed, Rs/kWh Fuel Type
    4. 4. Primary Energy <ul><li>Coal </li></ul><ul><li>Petroleum Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Gas </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Hydel and Other Renewable </li></ul>
    5. 5. Energy Units and Conversion <ul><li>One tonne of oil equivalent </li></ul><ul><li>equals approximately : </li></ul><ul><li>Heat Units - 10 million k-cal </li></ul><ul><li>Solid Fuels - 1.5 tonnes of hard coal </li></ul><ul><li>- 3 tonnes of lignite </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Gas - 1111 Cu. M </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity - 12 Mwh </li></ul>
    6. 6. World Energy Consumption Past Trend mtoe
    7. 7. Energy Consumption in India Past Trend mtoe
    8. 8. Indian Energy Scene <ul><li>Per capita energy consumption in India is 294 kg of oil equivalent as against world average of 1500 kg in 2000 </li></ul>
    9. 9. World Energy Mix-2000
    10. 10. Primary Energy Consumption Trend
    11. 11. Primary Energy Regional Consumption Pattern 2000
    12. 12. World Oil Reserves R/P Ratio: 39.9 years Total Reserves: 1046.4 thousand million barrels 1 barrel = 0.136 MT
    13. 13. World Oil Reserves-Trends
    14. 14. World Oil Production
    15. 15. World Oil R/P Ratio
    16. 16. World Oil Consumption
    17. 17. Per Capita Oil Consumption
    18. 18. Major Petroleum Products & Uses <ul><li>LPG : Domestic Gas / Auto Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Naphtha : Fertilizer/Petrochemical/Power </li></ul><ul><li>Gasoline : Auto Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>ATF/ </li></ul><ul><li>Kerosene : Jet Fuel/Domestic </li></ul><ul><li>Diesel : Auto Fuel/Power </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Oil : Fertilizer/Power/Other Industries </li></ul>
    19. 19. Oil Consumption Mix
    20. 20. Oil Consumption Mix-(Cont..)
    21. 21. World Oil Trade
    22. 22. World Natural Gas Reserves R/P ratio: 61 years Total Reserves :150.19TCM
    23. 23. World Natural Gas Reserve-Trends
    24. 24. World Natural Gas Production
    25. 25. Natural Gas -R/P Ratio
    26. 26. Natural Gas Consumption
    27. 27. Natural Gas Per Capita Consumption
    28. 28. Natural Gas Trade <ul><li>Cross Border Pipeline </li></ul><ul><li>Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) </li></ul>
    29. 29. LNG <ul><li>Natural gas liquefied at (-) 160 0 C at atmospheric pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate transportation in Cryogenic Tankers across sea </li></ul><ul><li>LNG volume is 1/600 of Natural Gas </li></ul><ul><li>LNG to be regasified in receiving terminal </li></ul><ul><li>1 MMT of LNG ~ 4 MMSCMD of NG </li></ul><ul><li>1 MMTPA of LNG can sustain a power plant of 1000 MW </li></ul>
    30. 30. Natural Gas Trade Movements
    31. 31. Natural Gas Price USD/million btu
    32. 32. World Energy Mix - Forecast 2020
    33. 33. World Energy Consumption by Energy Source, 1970-2025
    34. 34. World Energy Forecast <ul><li>Natural Gas is expected to be the fastest growing component </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption of Natural gas will nearly double from 84 tcf in 1999 to 162 tcf in 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in Natural Gas consumption will be @3.2% globally </li></ul>
    35. 35. World Energy Forecast <ul><li>Growth in Natural Gas Consumption in developing countries will be higher than industrialized countries </li></ul><ul><li>Natural gas consumption for electricity generation will be more rapid than other fuel </li></ul>
    36. 36. World Energy Forecast <ul><li>Consumption growth per year of various fuel for power generation in Industrialized countries </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Gas 4% </li></ul><ul><li>Oil - 0.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Coal 0.9 % </li></ul>
    37. 37. World Energy Forecast <ul><li>%Share on Natural Gas in Power Generation </li></ul><ul><li>1999 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialised </li></ul><ul><li>Countries 14 24 </li></ul><ul><li>Developing </li></ul><ul><li>Countries 13 21 </li></ul>
    38. 38. World Energy Forecast <ul><li>Reasons for increased share of NG for Power Generation </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaner Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Diversification </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Security </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in Natural gas trade </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive Price </li></ul>
    39. 39. Indian Energy Scene Oil& Gas
    40. 40. Energy Structure in Power Generation-2005(%)
    41. 41. Energy Security rests on two principals. The first, to use the least amount of energy to provide services and cut down energy losses. The second to all secure access to all sources of energy including coal, oil and gas supplies worldwide, till the end of the fossil fuel era which is fast approaching. Simultaneously we should access technologies to provide a diverse supply of reliable, affordable and envirnmentally sustainable energy. Dr. A. P. J. Kalam
    42. 42. Energy Mix In India -2000
    43. 43. Crude Oil Production in India MMT Year
    44. 44. Crude Oil Consumption in India MMT Year
    45. 45. Demand & Domestic Availability of Crude Oil MMT
    46. 46. Self Reliance in Crude Oil Availability %Self Reliance
    47. 47. Natural Gas Reserves in India BCM
    48. 48. Natural Gas Production Profile YEAR BCM
    49. 49. Gas Pipeline Infrastructure in India Total Pipeline Length :4014 Km H-B-J : 2688 Km H-B-J
    50. 50. India Hydrocarbon Vision 2025 <ul><li>Hon’ble Prime Minister of India announced in Petrotech,1999 setting up a Group for working out a specific framework for developing “India Hydrocarbon Vision 2025” </li></ul><ul><li>The Group chaired by Hon’ble Union Minister of Finance has since prepared the document which lays down the framework which would guide the policies relating to the Hydrocarbon sector for the next 25 years </li></ul>
    51. 51. India Hydrocarbon Vision 2025 <ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Security </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Alternative Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Optimal and sustainable mix of energy sources </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate quantity of economically priced clean and green fuel </li></ul>
    52. 52. India Hydrocarbon Vision 2025 Primary Energy Mix in 2025
    53. 53. India Hydrocarbon Vision 2025 Natural Gas Consumption Pattern
    54. 54. India Hydrocarbon Vision 2025 Natural Gas Supply/Demand Gap Supply Demand MMSCMD
    55. 55. India Hydrocarbon Vision 2025 Petroleum Products Supply/Demand(MMT) Year Demand Estd. Refning Estd. Crude Capacity Requirement 2006-07 148 167 173 2011-12 195 184 190 2024-25 368 358 364
    56. 56. Sourcing Option for LNG/NG in India Iran Myanmar offshore M.E SEA, Australia,PNG NG PPL LNG
    57. 57. Coal Bed Methane <ul><li>Gondwana Coal </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern Raniganj W.B 1.50 TCF </li></ul><ul><li>Bokaro Jharkhand 1.59 ,, </li></ul><ul><li>Near Karanpura ,, 2.18 ,, </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern Sohagpur MP 1.73 ,, </li></ul><ul><li>Weatern Sohagpur ,, 1.00 ,, </li></ul><ul><li>Satpura ,, 1.00 ,, </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary Lignite </li></ul><ul><li>North Berner Rajsathan 0.0178 ,, </li></ul>
    58. 58. Thank You

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