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Oecd

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OECD

OECD

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  • 1. OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • 2. OECD
    • groups 30 member countries committed to democracy and the market economy
    • provides statistics and economic and social data
    • analyses and forecasts economic developments
    • researches social changes and evolving patterns in trade, environment, agriculture, technology, fiscal policy and more
  • 3.
    • Helping governments to
    • compare policy experiences
    • seek answers to common problems
    • identify good practice
    • co-ordinate domestic and international policies
  • 4. Global partners OECD member countries Countries invited to open talks on potential membership Countries to which OECD is offering enhanced engagement (Click on map to view names)
  • 5.
    • 30 member countries
      • AUSTRALIA AUSTRIA BELGIUM CANADA CZECH REPUBLIC DENMARK FINLAND FRANCE GERMANY GREECE HUNGARY ICELAND IRELAND ITALY JAPAN
      • KOREA
      • LUXEMBOURG MEXICO NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NORWAY POLAND PORTUGAL SLOVAK REPUBLIC SPAIN SWEDEN SWITZERLAND TURKEY UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES
    • Countries invited to membership talks
      • CHILE
      • ESTONIA
      • ISRAEL
      • RUSSIA
      • SLOVENIA
    • Enhanced engagement
      • BRAZIL
      • CHINA
      • INDIA
      • INDONESIA
      • SOUTH AFRICA
  • 6. OECD’s mission
    • Article 1 of the OECD Convention defines the Organisation’s mission as being to:
    • support economic growth
    • boost employment
    • raise living standards
    • maintain financial stability
    • assist other countries’ economic development
    • contribute to growth in world trade
  • 7. Who drives OECD’s work? Council Oversight and strategic direction Representatives of member countries and of the European Commission; decisions taken by consensus Committees Discussion and implementation Representatives of member countries and of invited non-members work with the OECD Secretariat on specific issues Secretariat Analysis and proposals Secretary-General Deputy Secretaries-General Directorates
  • 8. OECD in action
    • Data collection
    2. Data analysis 3. Collective policy discussion 4. Decision-making 5. Implementation
  • 9. Major work areas
    • Employment, education, social welfare
        • ensure equal access to education for all
        • promote effective and accessible health systems
        • fight social exclusion and unemployment
        • bridge the “digital divide” between rich and poor
  • 10.
    • Economy
        • analyse and publish comparative data
        • produce forecasts
        • develop policies for growth and stability
        • foster open markets
        • promote cross-border investment
        • share best practices
        • study how international development co-ordination helps developing countries
        • offer knowledge and experience to help countries or regions in the process of development
  • 11.
    • Environment, sustainable development
        • make markets work for a healthier environment
        • use science and technology to benefit people everywhere
        • cut wastage and pollution
        • bring together member countries to discuss fundamental energy issues through the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA)
  • 12.
    • Finance
        • promoting liberalisation in financial services and the development of international financial best practices.
        • working to promote investment policy reform and international co-operation.
        • analysing national tax systems and their impact on labour, capital and product markets.
        • studying the consequences of ageing populations and their implications for insurance and pensions.
  • 13.
    • Governance
        • promote effective public administration
        • encourage companies to run their affairs better
        • ensure transparent and fair tax systems
        • foster fair competition
        • fight corruption and money-laundering
        • promote high ethical standards
        • encourage citizen-participation in policy-making
  • 14.
    • Innovation
        • a strong record on biotechnology-related topics through work that spans more than 25 years.
        • improving our understanding of how Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) contribute to sustainable economic growth and social well-being and their role in the shift towards knowledge-based societies.
        • development of indicators to benchmark countries' innovation performance.
  • 15. OECD achievements some examples
    • Improving transparency and ethics in international business
      • Principles of Corporate Governance
      • Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
      • Anti-Bribery Convention
      • Polluter-Pays Principle (PPP)
    • Simplifying tax issues in international transactions
      • Model Tax Convention
    • Helping emerging and transition economies
      • Co-operation programmes with emerging market economies including China, India and Brazil
  • 16. Some OECD facts Two official languages: English & French Secretariat staff: more than 2500 OECD’s headquarters are located in Paris, France OECD’s Secretary-General is Mr. Angel Gurría The OECD’s total budget is € 340 million (2007)
  • 17. OECD communications
    • publications (over 150 titles per year)
    • a regularly updated website (statistics, data, studies…)
    • a corporate magazine OECD Observer
    • radio and TV studios
    • an annual civil society Forum
    • OECD Centres (Berlin, Mexico City, Tokyo and Washington) which organise events to disseminate OECD’s work
  • 18. For more information
    • www.oecd.org
    References mentioned in the presentation: www.oecd.org/powerpointreferences