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D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
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D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1

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  • 1. Significance Of Delegation
  • 2. Significance Of Delegation <ul><li>Effective functioning of org. </li></ul><ul><li>Lessens burden of top executive. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates quick decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Building morale. </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy relationship between manager and sub-ordinates. </li></ul>
  • 3. Obstacles In Delegation <ul><li>On The Part Of Superior. </li></ul><ul><li>On the Part of Subordinate. </li></ul><ul><li>On the Part of Organisation. </li></ul>
  • 4. On The Part Of Superior <ul><li>Feeling of perfectionism. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of ability to direct. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of confidence in subordinates. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of control. </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of competition from subordinates. </li></ul>
  • 5. On The Part Of Subordinate <ul><li>Dependence on the boss. </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of criticism. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of self-confidence and fear of failure. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of information and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of positive incentives. </li></ul><ul><li>Overburdened with work. </li></ul>
  • 6. On The Part Of Organisation <ul><li>Vague organisation structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-clarity of authority and responsibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of effective control mechanism. </li></ul>
  • 7. Methods To Make Delegation Effective
  • 8. Methods To Make Delegation Effective. <ul><li>Determine goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Clarify responsibility and authority. </li></ul><ul><li>Motivate subordinates. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide training. </li></ul><ul><li>Require completed work. </li></ul><ul><li>Two way communication. </li></ul>
  • 9. Benefits Of Delegation <ul><li>Ensures co-ordination. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces burden of executives. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates expansion in and diversification of business. </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities of division of labour. </li></ul><ul><li>Development and training of young executives. </li></ul><ul><li>Boosts the morale of employees </li></ul>
  • 10. DECENTRALISATION
  • 11. Degree of Decentralisation <ul><li>What Kind of Authority is Delegated? </li></ul><ul><li>How Far Down in The Organisation is it Delegated? </li></ul><ul><li>How Consistently it is Delegated? </li></ul>
  • 12. Measuring the Degree of Decentralisation <ul><li>Number of Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Effects of Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Checking of Decisions </li></ul>
  • 13. Factors Determining Degree of Decentralisation <ul><li>Size of Organisation </li></ul><ul><li>History of Organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy of Management </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of Competent Managers </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern of planning </li></ul><ul><li>Control techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralized activities </li></ul><ul><li>Rate of change in organization </li></ul><ul><li>Environment influence </li></ul>
  • 14. How To Make Decentralisation Effective <ul><li>Centralisation of Top Policy & Control </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciation of Concept of Decentralisation </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Managers </li></ul><ul><li>Competition Among The Units </li></ul>
  • 15. Advantages of Decentralisation <ul><li>Lift to Top Executives </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation of Subordinates </li></ul><ul><li>Quick decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Growth & Diversification </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Development </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient Supervision and Control </li></ul>
  • 16. Disadvantages of Decentralisation <ul><li>Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in Co-ordination </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Uniformity </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow Product lines </li></ul><ul><li>External Constraints </li></ul>
  • 17. Difference Between Decentralisation & Delegation <ul><li>A Process </li></ul><ul><li>Denotes Relationship Between Superior & Subordinate </li></ul><ul><li>Technique of Management </li></ul><ul><li>End Result of Delegation </li></ul><ul><li>Denotes Relationship Between Top Management & Various Departments or Divisions </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy of Management </li></ul>

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