D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1
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D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1

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D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1 D E C E N T R A L I S A T I O N1 Presentation Transcript

  • Significance Of Delegation
  • Significance Of Delegation
    • Effective functioning of org.
    • Lessens burden of top executive.
    • Facilitates quick decisions.
    • Building morale.
    • Healthy relationship between manager and sub-ordinates.
  • Obstacles In Delegation
    • On The Part Of Superior.
    • On the Part of Subordinate.
    • On the Part of Organisation.
  • On The Part Of Superior
    • Feeling of perfectionism.
    • Lack of ability to direct.
    • Lack of confidence in subordinates.
    • Lack of control.
    • Fear of competition from subordinates.
  • On The Part Of Subordinate
    • Dependence on the boss.
    • Fear of criticism.
    • Lack of self-confidence and fear of failure.
    • Lack of information and resources.
    • Lack of positive incentives.
    • Overburdened with work.
  • On The Part Of Organisation
    • Vague organisation structure.
    • Non-clarity of authority and responsibility.
    • Lack of effective control mechanism.
  • Methods To Make Delegation Effective
  • Methods To Make Delegation Effective.
    • Determine goals.
    • Clarify responsibility and authority.
    • Motivate subordinates.
    • Provide training.
    • Require completed work.
    • Two way communication.
  • Benefits Of Delegation
    • Ensures co-ordination.
    • Reduces burden of executives.
    • Facilitates expansion in and diversification of business.
    • Opportunities of division of labour.
    • Development and training of young executives.
    • Boosts the morale of employees
  • DECENTRALISATION
  • Degree of Decentralisation
    • What Kind of Authority is Delegated?
    • How Far Down in The Organisation is it Delegated?
    • How Consistently it is Delegated?
  • Measuring the Degree of Decentralisation
    • Number of Decisions
    • Importance of Decisions
    • Effects of Decisions
    • Checking of Decisions
  • Factors Determining Degree of Decentralisation
    • Size of Organisation
    • History of Organisation
    • Philosophy of Management
    • Availability of Competent Managers
    • Pattern of planning
    • Control techniques
    • Decentralized activities
    • Rate of change in organization
    • Environment influence
  • How To Make Decentralisation Effective
    • Centralisation of Top Policy & Control
    • Appreciation of Concept of Decentralisation
    • Development of Managers
    • Competition Among The Units
  • Advantages of Decentralisation
    • Lift to Top Executives
    • Motivation of Subordinates
    • Quick decisions
    • Growth & Diversification
    • Executive Development
    • Effective Communication
    • Efficient Supervision and Control
  • Disadvantages of Decentralisation
    • Expensive
    • Difficulty in Co-ordination
    • Lack of Uniformity
    • Narrow Product lines
    • External Constraints
  • Difference Between Decentralisation & Delegation
    • A Process
    • Denotes Relationship Between Superior & Subordinate
    • Technique of Management
    • End Result of Delegation
    • Denotes Relationship Between Top Management & Various Departments or Divisions
    • Philosophy of Management