http://184.108.40.206:8000/search/main/; point out how each feature is useful for teachers (e.g. pdf versions added upon instructor’s request)
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Using a Corpus as a Tool for Writers: MICUSP Judy Dyer
What is a corpus?A large selection of naturally occurring spoken and/or written language available in digital format.Corpora are a useful resource for linguists, lexicographers, teachers, and students because they provide instant access to large amounts of authentic
Examples of Corpora Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken English (MICASE) 1.7 million word corpus of transcribed lectures, discussion groups, etc., compiled by the English Language Institute at UM British National Corpus (BNC), a 100 million word corpus of written (90%) and spoken (10%) language, including telephone conversations, novels, student papers, and many other genres. BYU Corpus of American English (BYU CAE), a 360+ million word corpus of written and spoken language.
MICUSP The Michigan Corpus of Upper-level Student Papers 829 „A‟ grade papers (roughly 2.6 million words) Range of disciplines across 4 academic divisions* of the University of Michigan (U-M), Ann Arbor (*Humanities and Arts, Social Sciences, Biological and Health Sciences, Physical Sciences). It can be accessed through an online interface called MICUSP Simple, available at: http://search-micusp.elicorpora.info/simple
BROWSING PAPERS INMICUSP16 DISCIPLINES PAPER TYPES Argumentative Essay Creative WritingTEXTUAL FEATURES Research Paper Abstract Report Definitions Critique/Evaluation Discussion of results Response Paper Literature review Proposal Methodology section Problem-solution pattern Reference to sources STUDENT LEVELS Tables, graphs or figures Final year undergraduate students (level G0) 1st, 2nd and 3rd year graduate students (levels G1, G2 & G3)
General Uses of MICUSP To search for use of particular word(s) To search for collocations of words i.e. information about with which word(s) a particular word co-occurs To search for examples of particular text types (a research proposal in Biology, a report in Psychology) To search for examples of features of texts (e.g. abstracts in Biology research papers, definitions in Mechanical Engineering, how to introduce a figure or graph) To look at frequencies of a particular phrase/word
Potential uses for MICUSP I don‟t know how to use “nevertheless.” Does it always go first in a sentence? Is it “different from” or “different to”? How do I introduce a figure or graph in a Poli Sci paper? How do I write a lit review for a psychology paper? How do I write a definition in a biology paper? Is it ok to use “I” in a Mechanical Engineering report?
Acknowledgments The Michigan Corpus Linguistics Team (Ute Roemer and Matt O‟Donnell) John Swales – the initiator of corpus linguistics at Michigan and a great educator and inspiration.
What is a Concordancer? Software which can be used to search, access, and analyze language from a corpus. Useful in exploring the relationships between words, and can provide information about the way language is used. A concordancer allows us to enter a word or phrase, and search for multiple examples of how that word or phrase is used in everyday speech or writing.