Hastings 2012 06 saving judas

311 views
261 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
311
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Hastings 2012 06 saving judas

  1. 1. Omaha Presbyterian School for Pastors Hastings 2012 Session 6
  2. 2. Saving Judas
  3. 3. School for PastorsHear our prayer for the School forPastors, O Lord.
  4. 4. School for PastorsWe pray that you may grant, in accor-dance with the riches of your glory, thatwe may be strengthened in our innerbeing with power through your Spirit.
  5. 5. School for PastorsWe pray that you will dwell in ourhearts by faith, as we are establishedand grounded in your love.
  6. 6. School for PastorsWe pray that we may have the power tocomprehend, with all the saints, thebreadth and length and height anddepth of your love: to know this lovethat surpasses knowledge.
  7. 7. School for PastorsWe pray that we may be filled with allyour fullness, O God.
  8. 8. School for PastorsBy the power at work within us you areable to accomplish abundantly far morethan we can ask or imagine.
  9. 9. School for PastorsTo you be glory in the church and inChrist Jesus to all generations, foreverand ever. Amen. – from Ephesians 3:16-21
  10. 10. Saving JudasMatthew 10:2-4These are the names of the twelveapostles … and Judas Iscariot, the onewho betrayed him.
  11. 11. Saving JudasMark 3:13-19a… and Judas Iscariot, who betrayedhim.
  12. 12. Saving JudasLuke 6:12-16… and Judas Iscariot, who became atraitor.
  13. 13. Saving JudasWhat is the purpose for which Jesuscalled Apostles?
  14. 14. Saving JudasMatthew 10:1Then Jesus summoned his twelvedisciples and gave them authority overunclean spirits, to cast them out, and tocure every disease and every sickness.
  15. 15. Saving JudasMark 3:13He went up the mountain and called tohim those whom he wanted, and theycame to him.
  16. 16. Saving JudasMark 3:14And he appointed twelve, whom he alsonamed apostles, to be with him, and tobe sent out to proclaim the message,
  17. 17. Saving JudasMark 3:15And to have authority to cast outdemons.
  18. 18. Saving JudasLuke 6:12Now during those days he went out tothe mountain to pray; and he spent thenight in prayer to God.
  19. 19. Saving JudasLuke 6:13And when day came, he called hisdisciples and chose twelve of them,whom he also named apostles:
  20. 20. Saving JudasWhat is the purpose for which Jesuscalled Apostles?
  21. 21. Saving JudasWhat is the purpose for which Jesuscalled Apostles? To be with Jesus
  22. 22. Saving JudasWhat is the purpose for which Jesuscalled Apostles? To be sent out
  23. 23. Saving JudasWhat is the purpose for which Jesuscalled Apostles? To proclaim the message
  24. 24. Saving JudasWhat is the purpose for which Jesuscalled Apostles? To cast out demons
  25. 25. Saving JudasWhat is the purpose for which Jesuscalled Apostles? To cure diseases
  26. 26. Saving JudasWhat is the purpose for which Jesuscalled Apostles? To be the twelve whom Jesus called after a night in prayer
  27. 27. Saving JudasWho is Judas?
  28. 28. Saving JudasWho is Judas? The one who betrayed Jesus
  29. 29. Saving JudasWho is Judas? One of the Twelve Apostles
  30. 30. Saving JudasWho is Bartholomew, or Thaddaeus, orJames the son of Alphaeus?
  31. 31. Saving JudasWho is Bartholomew, or Thaddaeus, orJames the son of Alphaeus? One of the Twelve Apostles
  32. 32. Saving JudasWho is Bartholomew, or Thaddaeus, orJames the son of Alphaeus? One of those with Jesus
  33. 33. Saving JudasWho is Bartholomew, or Thaddaeus, orJames the son of Alphaeus? One empowered to heal
  34. 34. Saving JudasWho is Bartholomew, or Thaddaeus, orJames the son of Alphaeus? One sent with the message
  35. 35. Saving JudasWho is Judas?
  36. 36. Saving JudasWho is Judas? One of the Twelve Apostles
  37. 37. Saving JudasWho is Judas? One of those with Jesus
  38. 38. Saving JudasWho is Judas? One empowered to heal
  39. 39. Saving JudasWho is Judas? One sent with the message
  40. 40. Saving JudasUnless you read the Gospel of John
  41. 41. Saving JudasJohn 6:60When many of his disciples heard it,they said, “This teaching is difficult;who can accept it?”
  42. 42. Saving JudasJohn 6:66Because of this many of his disciplesturned back and no longer went aboutwith him.
  43. 43. Saving JudasJohn 6:64“Among you are some who do notbelieve.” For Jesus knew from the firstwho were the ones that did not believe,and who was the one who would betrayhim.
  44. 44. Saving JudasJohn 6:64“Among you are some who do notbelieve.” For Jesus knew from the firstwho were the ones that did not believe,and who was the one who would betrayhim.
  45. 45. Saving JudasJohn 6:64“Among you are some who do notbelieve.” For Jesus knew from the firstwho were the ones that did not believe,and who was the one who would betrayhim.
  46. 46. Saving JudasJohn 6:64“Among you are some who do notbelieve.” For Jesus knew from the firstwho were the ones that did not believe,and who was the one who would betrayhim.
  47. 47. Saving JudasJohn 6:70“Did I not choose you, the twelve? Yetone of you is a devil.”
  48. 48. Saving JudasJohn 6:71He was speaking of Judas son ofSimon Iscariot, for he, though one ofthe twelve, was going to betray him.
  49. 49. Saving JudasIs there one of the twelve whom Jesusidentified as a devil?
  50. 50. Saving JudasMatthew 6:22Peter took Jesus aside and began torebuke him, saying, “God forbid, Lord!This must never happen to you.”
  51. 51. Saving JudasMatthew 6:23But he turned and said to Peter, “Getbehind me, Satan!”
  52. 52. Saving JudasJohn 6:70“Did I not choose you, the twelve? Yetone of you is a devil.”
  53. 53. Saving JudasJohn 6:71He was speaking of Judas son ofSimon Iscariot, for he, though one ofthe twelve, was going to betray him.
  54. 54. Saving JudasThe anointing at BethanySome of the disciples complain that theperfume should have been sold and themoney given to the poor (Matthew 26:8-9, Mark 14:4-5)
  55. 55. Saving JudasThe anointing at BethanyWas this the event that pushed Judasover the edge? The next event that isreported is that he went and conspiredwith the high priests (Matthew 26:14-16, Mark 14:10-11)
  56. 56. Saving JudasThe anointing at Bethany in John
  57. 57. Saving JudasThe anointing at Bethany in Johnthe unnamed woman is named: Mary (John12:3)
  58. 58. Saving JudasThe anointing at Bethany in Johnthe various unnamed disciples whoobjected are named: Judas (John12:4)
  59. 59. Saving JudasJohn 12:4But Judas Iscariot, one of his disciples(the one who was about to betray him),said,
  60. 60. Saving JudasJohn 12:5“Why was this perfume not sold forthree hundred denarii and the moneygiven to the poor?”
  61. 61. Saving JudasJohn 12:6(He said this not because he caredabout the poor, but because he was athief; he kept the common purse andused to steal what was put in it.)
  62. 62. Saving JudasJohn 13:2The devil had already put it into theheart of Judas son of Simon Iscariot tobetray him. And during supper
  63. 63. Saving JudasJohn 13:3Jesus, knowing that the Father hadgiven all things into his hands …
  64. 64. Saving JudasJohn 13:10Jesus said to Simon Peter, “One whohas bathed does not need to wash,except for the feet, but is entirely clean.And you are clean, but not all of you.”
  65. 65. Saving JudasJohn 13:11For he knew who was to betray him; forthis reason he said, “Not all of you areclean.”
  66. 66. Saving JudasThe synoptics show us the eleven notknowing who the betrayer would be
  67. 67. Saving JudasJohn 13:21Jesus was troubled in spirit, anddeclared, “Very truly I tell you, one ofyou will betray me.”
  68. 68. Saving JudasJohn 13:22The disciples looked at one another,uncertain of whom he was speaking.
  69. 69. Saving JudasJohn 13:23One of his disciples – the one whomJesus loved – was reclining next tohim;
  70. 70. Saving JudasJohn 13:24Simon Peter therefore motioned to himto ask Jesus of whom he was speaking.
  71. 71. Saving JudasJohn 13:25So while reclining next to Jesus, heasked him, “Lord, who is it?”
  72. 72. Saving JudasJohn 13:26Jesus answered, “It is the one to whomI give this piece of bread when I havedipped it in the dish.”
  73. 73. Saving JudasJohn 13:26So when he had dipped the piece ofbread, he gave it to Judas son of SimonIscariot.
  74. 74. Saving JudasJohn 13:27After he received the piece of bread,Satan entered into him. Jesus said tohim, “Do quickly what you are going todo.”
  75. 75. Saving JudasJohn 13:28Now no one at the table knew why hesaid this to him.
  76. 76. Saving JudasJohn 13:29Some thought that, because Judas hadthe common purse, Jesus was tellinghim, “Buy what we need for thefestival”;
  77. 77. Saving JudasJohn 13:29or, that he should give something tothe poor.
  78. 78. Saving JudasJohn 17:12“I guarded them, and not one of themwas lost, except the son of destruction,that the scripture might be fulfilled.”
  79. 79. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it? (per synoptics)
  80. 80. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it? (per synoptics)Thirty pieces of silver?
  81. 81. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it? (per synoptics)Post anointing feeling that the missionhad changed?
  82. 82. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it? (per synoptics)Believing the attempted arrest wouldlead to fighting, to insurrection, todriving out the Romans?
  83. 83. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it? (per John)Thirty pieces of silver
  84. 84. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it? (per John)The devil made me do it.
  85. 85. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it? (per John)The devil had already put it into theheart of Judas … to betray him. (John 13:2)
  86. 86. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it? (per John)… after he received the piece of bread,Satan entered into him. (John 13:27)
  87. 87. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it? (per John)… the son of destruction, so that thescripture might be fulfilled. (John 17:12)
  88. 88. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it? (per John)He wanted the moneyThe devil controlled himIt was God’s purpose, set in scripture
  89. 89. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it?In Mark and Luke, Judas is a veryminor character
  90. 90. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it?In Matthew, Judas is a minor character
  91. 91. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it?In John, Judas is a significantcharacter
  92. 92. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it?John never lets an opportunity go pastto say Judas is the devil who betrayedJesus
  93. 93. Saving JudasWhy did Judas do it?John wants us to understand thatJudas is damned for sure – yet histestimony is nevertheless ambiguousin places
  94. 94. Saving JudasWhat is the unforgivable sin?
  95. 95. Saving JudasMark 3:28 Truly I tell you, people willbe forgiven for their sins and whateverblasphemies they utter,
  96. 96. Saving JudasMark 3:29 but whoever blasphemesagainst the Holy Spirit can never beforgiven, but is guilty of an eternal sin.
  97. 97. Saving JudasMatthew 12:31 Therefore I tell you,people will be forgiven for every sinand blasphemy, but blasphemy againstthe Spirit will not be forgiven.
  98. 98. Saving JudasMatthew 12:32 Whoever speaks a wordagainst the Son of Man will be forgiven,but whoever speaks against the HolySpirit will not be forgiven, either in thisage or in the age to come.
  99. 99. Saving JudasLuke 12:8 And I tell you, everyone whoacknowledges me before others, theSon of Man also will acknowledgebefore the angels of God;
  100. 100. Saving JudasLuke 12:9 but whoever denies mebefore others will be denied before theangels of God.
  101. 101. Saving JudasLuke 12:10 And everyone who speaksa word against the Son of Man will beforgiven; but whoever blasphemesagainst the Holy Spirit will not beforgiven.
  102. 102. Saving JudasNotice Luke’s juxtaposition:
  103. 103. Saving JudasNotice Luke’s juxtaposition: whoever denies Jesus will be denied
  104. 104. Saving JudasNotice Luke’s juxtaposition: whoever speaks against Jesus will be forgiven
  105. 105. Saving JudasWhich of the Twelve is famous forhaving denied Jesus before others?
  106. 106. Saving JudasWhich of the Twelve is famous forhaving denied Jesus before others? Peter
  107. 107. Saving JudasWhich of the Twelve is famous forhaving spoken a word against Jesus?
  108. 108. Saving JudasWhich of the Twelve is famous forhaving spoken a word against Jesus? Judas
  109. 109. Saving JudasLuke’s juxtaposition brings out thestrong contrast between two ideas
  110. 110. Saving JudasLuke’s juxtaposition brings out thestrong contrast between two ideasJesus expects high loyalty from hisfollowers: those who deny will bedenied
  111. 111. Saving JudasLuke’s juxtaposition brings out thestrong contrast between two ideasJesus expects high loyalty from hisfollowers: those who deny will bedenied
  112. 112. Saving JudasLuke’s juxtaposition brings out thestrong contrast between two ideasJesus forgives low loyalty from hisfollowers: those who speak a wordagainst him will be forgiven
  113. 113. Saving JudasAside: conservative churches high expectation, low grace
  114. 114. Saving JudasAside: liberal churches low expectation, high grace
  115. 115. Saving JudasAside: thriving 21st century churches high expectation, high grace
  116. 116. Saving JudasLuke’s juxtaposition brings out thestrong contrast between two ideasJesus expects high loyalty from hisfollowers: those who deny will bedenied
  117. 117. Saving JudasLuke’s juxtaposition brings out thestrong contrast between two ideasJesus forgives low loyalty from hisfollowers: those who speak a wordagainst him will be forgiven
  118. 118. Saving JudasLuke’s juxtaposition brings out thestrong contrast between two ideasJesus is high expectation, high grace
  119. 119. Saving JudasMatthew 26:69Now Peter was sitting outside in thecourtyard. A servant-girl came to himand said, “You also were with Jesusthe Galilean.”
  120. 120. Saving JudasMatthew 26:70But he denied it before all of them,saying, “I do not know what you aretalking about.”
  121. 121. Saving JudasMatthew 26:71When he went out to the porch, anotherservant-girl saw him, and she said tothe bystanders, “This man was withJesus of Nazareth.”
  122. 122. Saving JudasMatthew 26:72Again he denied it with an oath, “I donot know the man.”
  123. 123. Saving JudasMatthew 26:73After a little while the bystanders cameup and said to Peter, “Certainly you areone of them, for your accent betraysyou.”
  124. 124. Saving JudasMatthew 26:74Then he began to curse, and he sworean oath, “I do not know the man!” Atthat moment the cock crowed.
  125. 125. Saving JudasMatthew 26:75Then Peter remembered what Jesussaid, “Before the cock crows, you willdeny me three times.” And he went outand wept bitterly.
  126. 126. Saving JudasMatthew 27:1When morning came, all the chiefpriests and the elders of the peopleconferred together against Jesus inorder to bring about his death.
  127. 127. Saving JudasMatthew 27:2They bound him, led him away, andhanded him over to Pilate the governor.
  128. 128. Saving JudasMatthew 27:3When Judas, his betrayer, saw thatJesus was condemned, he repentedand brought back the thirty pieces ofsilver to the chief priests and elders.
  129. 129. Saving JudasMatthew 27:4He said, “I have sinned by betrayinginnocent blood.” But they said, “Whatis that to us? See to it yourself.”
  130. 130. Saving JudasMatthew 27:5Throwing down the pieces of silver inthe temple, he departed; and he wentand hanged himself.
  131. 131. Saving JudasOn the 30 pieces of silver:see Zechariah 11:4-12and Exodus 21:28-32
  132. 132. Saving JudasOn the 30 pieces of silver:Thirty pieces of silver = the value of an unappreciated slave
  133. 133. Saving JudasOn the contrast betweenMatthew 27:5 and Acts 1:18
  134. 134. Saving JudasThe Two Disciples Who Failed:
  135. 135. Saving JudasThe Two Disciples Who Failed:Is Peter redeemable?
  136. 136. Saving JudasThe Two Disciples Who Failed:Is Judas redeemable?
  137. 137. Saving JudasMatthew 27:3-4Τότε ἰδὼν Ἰοὐδας ὁ παραδοὺςαὐτὸν ὅτι κατέκριθη,μεταμεληθεὶς ἔστρεψεν τὰτριάκοντα ἀργύρια τοῖςἀρχιερεῦσιν καὶ πρεσβυτέροις,λέγων · ἥμαρτον παραδοὺς αἷμαἀθῷον.
  138. 138. Saving JudasMatthew 27:3-4Τότε ἰδὼν Ἰοὐδαςὁ παραδοὺς αὐτὸνὅτι κατέκριθη,
  139. 139. Saving JudasMatthew 27:3-4μεταμεληθεὶςἔστρεψεν τὰ τριάκοντα ἀργύριατοῖς ἀρχιερεῦσιν καὶπρεσβυτέροις,
  140. 140. Saving JudasMatthew 27:3-4μεταμεληθεὶςἔστρεψεν τὰ τριάκοντα ἀργύριατοῖς ἀρχιερεῦσιν καὶπρεσβυτέροις,
  141. 141. Saving JudasMatthew 27:3-4μεταμεληθεὶςἔστρεψεν τὰ τριάκοντα ἀργύριατοῖς ἀρχιερεῦσιν καὶπρεσβυτέροις,
  142. 142. Saving JudasMatthew 27:3-4λέγων ·ἥμαρτονπαραδοὺς αἷμα ἀθῷον.
  143. 143. Saving JudasMatthew 27:3-4λέγων ·ἥμαρτονπαραδοὺς αἷμα ἀθῷον.
  144. 144. Saving JudasMatthew 27:3-4λέγων ·ἥμαρτονπαραδοὺς αἷμα ἀθῷον.
  145. 145. Saving JudasMatthew shows us that Peter failed andwashed out as a disciple
  146. 146. Saving JudasMatthew shows us that Peter failed andwashed out as a disciplebut provides just enough for us toknow that he showed up in Galilee andheard the Great Commission
  147. 147. Saving JudasMatthew shows us that Judas failedand washed out as a disciple
  148. 148. Saving JudasMatthew shows us that Judas failedand washed out as a disciplebut tells us explicitly that he alsorepented
  149. 149. Saving JudasMatthew shows us that Judas failedand washed out as a disciplebut tells us explicitly that he alsorepented with deep personal sorrow
  150. 150. Saving JudasMatthew shows us that Judas failedand washed out as a disciplebut tells us explicitly that he alsorepented, turning back in word anddeed
  151. 151. Saving JudasMatthew shows us that Judas failedand washed out as a disciplebut tells us explicitly that he alsorepented, with an explicit confession ofsin
  152. 152. Saving JudasMatthew shows us that Judas failedand washed out as a disciplebut tells us explicitly that he alsorepented, and might have showed up inGalilee to hear the Great Commission
  153. 153. Saving JudasDoes our theology allow that God mightredeem a terrible sinner who confessesand mourns his sin, with repentance inword and deed?
  154. 154. Saving JudasIf it is God’s purpose to save the world,could it also be God’s purpose to saveJudas?
  155. 155. Saving JudasIf we cannot know whether God’spurpose to save the world will befulfilled or frustrated, we cannot knowwhether God’s purpose to save Judaswill be fulfilled or frustrated
  156. 156. Saving JudasWhat do we learn, about God and aboutourselves, from the story of Judas’repentance?
  157. 157. Saving JudasWhat do we learn, about God and aboutourselves, from our reluctance tobelieve in Judas’ redemption?

×