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Hastings 2012 05 saving the world
 

Hastings 2012 05 saving the world

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    Hastings 2012 05 saving the world Hastings 2012 05 saving the world Presentation Transcript

    • Omaha Presbyterian School for Pastors Hastings 2012 Session 5
    • Saving the World
    • School for PastorsHear our prayer for the School forPastors, O Lord.
    • School for PastorsWe pray that you may grant, in accor-dance with the riches of your glory, thatwe may be strengthened in our innerbeing with power through your Spirit.
    • School for PastorsWe pray that you will dwell in ourhearts by faith, as we are establishedand grounded in your love.
    • School for PastorsWe pray that we may have the power tocomprehend, with all the saints, thebreadth and length and height anddepth of your love: to know this lovethat surpasses knowledge.
    • School for PastorsWe pray that we may be filled with allyour fullness, O God.
    • School for PastorsBy the power at work within us you areable to accomplish abundantly far morethan we can ask or imagine.
    • School for PastorsTo you be glory in the church and inChrist Jesus to all generations, foreverand ever. Amen. – from Ephesians 3:16-21
    • Saving the WorldLuke 9:51When the days drew near for him to betaken up, he set his face to go toJerusalem.
    • Saving the WorldLuke 9:52And he sent messengers ahead of him.On their way they entered a village ofthe Samaritans to make ready for him;
    • Saving the WorldLuke 9:53But they did not receive him, becausehis face was set toward Jerusalem.
    • Saving the WorldLuke 9:54When his disciples James and Johnsaw it, they said, “Lord, do you want usto command fire to come down fromheaven and consume them?”
    • Saving the WorldLuke 9:55-56But he turned and rebuked them. Thenthey went on to another village.
    • Saving the WorldII Kings 1:9Then the king sent to him a captain offifty with his fifty men.
    • Saving the WorldII Kings 1:9He went up to Elijah, who was sittingon the top of a hill, and said to him, “Oman of God, the king says, ‘Comedown.’ ”
    • Saving the WorldII Kings 1:10But Elijah answered the captain of fifty,“If I am a man of God, let fire comedown from heaven and consume youand your fifty.”
    • Saving the WorldII Kings 1:10Then fire came down from heaven, andconsumed him and his fifty.
    • Saving the WorldII Kings 1:11Again the king sent to him anothercaptain of fifty with his fifty.
    • Saving the WorldII Kings 1:11He went up and said to him, “O man ofGod, this is the king’s order: Comedown quickly!”
    • Saving the WorldII Kings 1:12But Elijah answered them, “If I am aman of God, let fire come down fromheaven and consume you and yourfifty.”
    • Saving the WorldII Kings 1:12Then the fire of God came down fromheaven and consumed him and hisfifty.
    • Saving the WorldLuke 9:54When his disciples James and Johnsaw it, they said, “Lord, do you want usto command fire to come down fromheaven and consume them?”
    • Saving the WorldWhy did James and John want to ask aquestion like this?
    • Saving the WorldPerhaps because they were deeplyoffended that this village did not showproper respect to Jesus, and believedeveryone there deserved to die?
    • Saving the WorldPerhaps they liked the idea that, ifJesus gave them permission, theycould exercise the power of God inspectacular judgment on these people?
    • Saving the WorldPerhaps to show that they really hadthe support of Jesus, to make it evidentthat they deserved to have the placesof honor at his right and left hand?
    • Saving the WorldLuke 9:55-56But he turned and rebuked them. Thenthey went on to another village.p45, p75, ‫ ,א‬B, & many others
    • Saving the WorldLuke 9:55But he turned and rebuked them, andsaid, “You do not know what spirit youare of,
    • Saving the WorldLuke 9:55But he turned and rebuked them, andsaid, “You do not know what spirit youare of,D, Chrysostom, Epiphanius
    • Saving the WorldLuke 9:56for the Son of Man has not come todestroy the lives of human beings, butto save them. Then they went on toanother village.
    • Saving the WorldLuke 9:56for the Son of Man has not come todestroy the lives of human beings, butto save them. Then they went on toanother village.Marcion , Ambrose, Diatessaron
    • Saving the WorldLate first / early second centurypreacher writing a sermon notedrawing from:
    • Saving the WorldLuke 19:10For the Son of Man came to seek outand to save the lost.
    • Saving the WorldJohn 3:17God did not send the Son into theworld to condemn the world, but inorder that the world might be savedthrough him.
    • Saving the WorldMatthew 18:11For the Son of Man came to seek and tosave the lost.D K W X Diatessaron Hilary & others
    • Saving the WorldWhen James and John expressed thedesire to bring the fire of God down onjudgment on this village, Jesusrebuked them. Why did he do that?
    • Saving the WorldEarly twenty-first century preacherwould draw fromLuke 19:10; John 3:17
    • Saving the WorldDo we believe that Jesus came to seekand to save the lost?
    • Saving the WorldDo we believe that God sent his soninto the world, not to condemn theworld, but to save the world throughhim?
    • Saving the WorldJames and John stand as exemplars ofthe human desire to be instruments ofGod’s judgment on the unrighteous.
    • Saving the WorldIt was clear to the brothers that it wasright for this village to be blotted out bythe judgment of God,
    • Saving the Worldand that they themselves should be theones to pray the prayer that would calldown the fire of God to do it.
    • Saving the WorldBut Jesus rebuked their desire to calldown judgment.
    • Saving the WorldDo we believe that the desire to calldown judgment needs to be rebuked?
    • Saving the WorldMatthew 7:1Do not judge, so that you may not bejudged.
    • Saving the WorldMatthew 7:2For with the judgment you make youwill be judged, and the measure yougive will be the measure you get.
    • Saving the WorldMatthew 7:3Why do you see the speck in yourneighbor’s eye, but do not notice thelog in your own eye?
    • Saving the WorldMatthew 7:4Or how can you say to your neighbor,“Let me take the speck out of youreye,” while the log is in your eye?
    • Saving the WorldMatthew 7:5You hypocrite, first take the log out ofyour own eye, and then you will seeclearly to take the speck out of yourneighbor’s eye.
    • Saving the WorldThree part sequence
    • Saving the WorldThree part sequence Command: do not judge
    • Saving the WorldPredeciding the answer, based on acommand:
    • Saving the WorldPredeciding the answer, based on acommand:Do not commit adultery
    • Saving the WorldPredeciding the answer, based on acommand:Do not covet
    • Saving the WorldPredeciding the answer, based on acommand:Do not judge
    • Saving the WorldThree part sequence Command: do not judge Warning: you’ll be judged
    • Saving the WorldWhat goes around comes around
    • Saving the WorldIt’s karma, baby
    • Saving the WorldGalatians 6:7You reap what you sow.
    • Saving the WorldThree part sequence Command: do not judge Warning: you’ll be judged Hyperbole: a log in your eye!
    • Saving the WorldAll sin is the same, separating us fromGod, and from one another.
    • Saving the WorldBut Jesus does not say, “Your sin isjust as bad as your neighbor’s, so youshould think about that.”
    • Saving the WorldJesus proposes that my sin is huge,compared to my neighbor’s, and totallydisqualifies me from judging.
    • Saving the WorldThree part sequence Command: do not judge Warning: you’ll be judged Hyperbole: a log in your eye!
    • Saving the WorldFour part sequence! Command: do not judge Warning: you’ll be judged Hyperbole: a log in your eye! Sarcasm: pearls of wisdom
    • Saving the WorldMatthew 7:6Do not give what is holy to dogs, anddo not throw your pearls before swine,or they will trample them under footand turn and maul you.
    • Saving the WorldNew section?Matthew 7:1-5 on judgingMatthew 7:6 on profaning the holy
    • Saving the WorldOdd juxtaposition
    • Saving the WorldOdd juxtapositionMatthew 7:1-5: do not judge x 3
    • Saving the WorldOdd juxtapositionMatthew 7:1-5: do not judge x 3Matthew 7:6: well, some people aredogs and pigs, judge ’em all you like
    • Saving the WorldJohn Calvin on Matthew 7:6
    • Saving the World
    • Saving the WorldJohn Calvin on Matthew 7:6
    • Saving the WorldTwo objections to this view
    • Saving the World1. If proclaiming the gospel to theunreceptive counts as casting pearlsbefore swine,
    • Saving the WorldJesus does not propose that we shouldtry our best to make it work until wecome to the point of realizing that wewill not succeed;
    • Saving the Worldinstead, he gives us no permission todo it even once.
    • Saving the World2. The text warns us about a danger weface, in casting pearls before swine;
    • Saving the Worldbut that danger is not that we willbecome frustrated because after all oureffort we have nothing to show for it;
    • Saving the Worldinstead, the risk is that these peoplewill trample and bite or claw us.
    • Saving the WorldWhat tone of voice might Jesus havebeen using?
    • Saving the WorldWhat tone of voice might Jesus havebeen using?Suppose his tone was sarcastic?
    • Saving the WorldHow does sarcasm work?
    • Saving the WorldMatthew 7:6Do not give what you think of as holy tothose you think are dogs, nor cast whatyou think are pearls before those youthink are swine.
    • Saving the WorldWhat are these things I think of as holy,as pearls?
    • Saving the WorldWhat are these things I think of as holy,as pearls?The context of Matthew 7:1-5 wouldsuggest: they are my judgments
    • Saving the WorldBy comparison with yourself you thinkyour neighbors are like dogs or pigs,
    • Saving the Worldand then you imagine that they’re goingto be so grateful when you offer themyour holy judgments, your preciouspearls?
    • Saving the WorldNope. They’re going to trample your“pearls,” and then they’re going totrample you.
    • Saving the World
    • Saving the WorldRomans 14:10Why do you pass judgment on yourbrother or sister? Or you, why do youdespise your brother or sister? For wewill all stand before the judgment seatof God.
    • Saving the WorldRomans 14:11For it is written, “As I live, says theLord, every knee shall bow to me, andevery tongue shall give praise to God.”
    • Saving the WorldRomans 14:12So then, each of us will be accountableto God.
    • Saving the WorldRomans 14:13Let us therefore no longer passjudgment on one another, but resolveinstead never to put a stumbling blockor hindrance in the way of another.
    • Saving the WorldRomans 14:4Who are you to pass judgment onservants of another? It is before theirown lord that they stand or fall.
    • Saving the WorldRomans 14:4And they will be upheld, for the Lord isable to make them stand.
    • Saving the WorldJudgment belongs to God.Jesus Christ is the judge of the livingand the dead.
    • Saving the WorldMatthew 25:31When the Son of Man comes in hisglory, and all the angels with him, thenhe will sit on the throne of his glory.
    • Saving the WorldMatthew 25:32All the nations will be gathered beforehim, and he will separate people fromone another as a shepherd separatesthe sheep and the goats,
    • Saving the WorldMatthew 25:33and he will put the sheep at his righthand and the goats at the left.
    • Saving the WorldActs 10:34Then Peter began to speak[to Cornelius and his family] …
    • Saving the WorldActs 10:38… how God anointed Jesus of Nazarethwith the Holy Spirit and with power;how he went about doing good andhealing all who were oppressed by thedevil, for God was with him.
    • Saving the WorldActs 10:39We are witnesses to all that he did bothin Judea and in Jerusalem. They puthim to death by hanging him on a tree;
    • Saving the WorldActs 10:40but God raised him on the third day andallowed him to appear,
    • Saving the WorldActs 10:41not to all the people but to us who werechosen by God as witnesses, and whoate and drank with him after he rosefrom the dead.
    • Saving the WorldActs 10:42He commanded us to preach to thepeople and to testify that he is the oneordained by God as judge of the livingand the dead.
    • Saving the WorldActs 10:43All the prophets testify about him thateveryone who believes in him receivesforgiveness of sins through his name.
    • Saving the WorldBasic information Cornelius needs toknow about Jesus:God has ordained Jesus as judge of theliving and the dead
    • Saving the WorldMatthew and Acts provide this basicaffirmation, without making theapplication as to what it means.
    • Saving the WorldII Timothy 4:1In the presence of God and of ChristJesus, who is to judge the living andthe dead, and in view of his appearingand his kingdom, I solemnly urge you:
    • Saving the WorldII Timothy 4:2proclaim the message; be persistentwhether the time is favorable orunfavorable; convince, rebuke, andencourage, with the utmost patience inteaching.
    • Saving the WorldIf Jesus is judge of the living and thedead, if he is to appear in his kingdom,what does this mean for Timothy’sministry?
    • Saving the WorldBold in his proclamation, when peoplewant to listen and when they don’t
    • Saving the World“Jesus is judge” does not precludestrong rebukes from Timothy
    • Saving the World“Jesus is judge” does not precludestrong rebukes from Timothy– but he would need to practice theutmost patience in his teaching
    • Saving the WorldJesus Christ is the judge of the livingand the dead.
    • Saving the WorldJesus Christ is the judge of the livingand the dead.There is no indication that he needs usto take over this project for him.
    • Saving the WorldJesus Christ is the judge of the livingand the dead.He has in fact given us an explicitcommand, forbidding us to join in.
    • Saving the WorldJesus Christ is the judge of the livingand the dead.We may well need to teach theunlearned, or rebuke the stubborn.
    • Saving the WorldJesus Christ is the judge of the livingand the dead.But with great patience, and with theconviction that we may not judge.
    • Saving the WorldGalatians 6:1My friends, if anyone is detected in atransgression, you who have receivedthe Spirit should restore such a one ina spirit of gentleness. Take care thatyou yourselves are not tempted.
    • Saving the WorldI John 2:1My little children, I am writing thesethings to you so that you may not sin.
    • Saving the WorldI John 2:1But if anyone does sin, we have anadvocate with the Father, Jesus Christthe righteous;
    • Saving the WorldI John 2:2and he is the atoning sacrifice for oursins, and not for ours only but also forthe sins of the whole world.
    • Saving the WorldDo we believe that Jesus has offeredthe atoning sacrifice for the sins of thewhole world?
    • Saving the WorldII Peter 3:9The Lord is not slow about his promise,as some think of slowness, but ispatient with you, not wanting any toperish, but all to come to repentance.
    • Saving the WorldDo we believe that God wants none toperish, but all to come to repentance?
    • Saving the WorldDo we want that, too? Do we, like God,want none to perish, but all to come torepentance?
    • Saving the WorldExcursus: Funny About Love (1990)Gene Wilder, Mary Stuart Masterson“You gotta know what you want.”
    • Saving the World
    • Saving the WorldDo we want to be part of Gods plan forthe redemption of the world?
    • Saving the WorldWhat about all the warnings about hell?
    • Saving the WorldLuke 10:13Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you,Bethsaida!
    • Saving the WorldLuke 10:13For if the deeds of power done in youhad been done in Tyre and Sidon, theywould have repented long ago, sittingin sackcloth and ashes.
    • Saving the WorldLuke 10:14But at the judgment it will be moretolerable for Tyre and Sidon than foryou.
    • Saving the WorldLuke 10:15And you, Capernaum, will you beexalted to heaven? No, you will bebrought down to Hades.
    • Saving the WorldDo we believe that, as a plain statementof fact, the people of Capernaum arenot going to heaven, they’re going tohell?
    • Saving the WorldDo we believe that Jesus is offering adeclaratory judgment, so that thepeople of Capernaum can know, inadvance, that they’re going to hell?
    • Saving the WorldDo we believe that, as a plain statementof fact, Tyre and Sidon might do OK onjudgment day, but Chorazin andBethsaida will stand condemned?
    • Saving the WorldDo we believe that Jesus is offering adeclaratory judgment, so that thepeople of Bethsaida and Chorazin canknow, in advance, that they’re going tohell?
    • Saving the WorldOr do we believe that Jesus was givinga warning: a statement of what mightbe, rather than what must be?
    • Saving the WorldProphecy as telling about the future: declarative prophecy self-fulfilling prophecy intentional counterfactual prophecy
    • Saving the WorldThe nature of warnings:intentional counterfactual prophecy
    • Saving the WorldWhat happens if Capernaum heeds thewarning, and instead of being lost anddestroyed, they turn back to God, andturn out to be redeemed?
    • Saving the World(What happens if Nineveh heeds thewarning, and instead of being lost anddestroyed, they turn back to God, andturn out to be redeemed?)
    • Saving the WorldWould Jesus be happy about theredemption of Capernaum, or would hebe disappointed that what he stated astheir destiny turned out not to be true?
    • Saving the WorldIs Jesus like Jonah, proclaiming thedestruction of Capernaum because helongs for their destruction; he’d be sodisappointed if they were pardoned?
    • Saving the WorldOr does he long for their redemption,so that he would be delighted if Caper-naum heeded his warning, and likeNineveh turned out to be forgiven?
    • Saving the WorldWhen Jesus predicts the upcomingdenials of Peter, does he long to seePeter fall; he’d be so disappointed ifPeter stands firm in his loyalty?
    • Saving the WorldOr does he long for Peter to remainfaithful, even though it will mean thathis “prediction” will turn out to bemistaken?
    • Saving the WorldSuppose all the warnings about hell areindeed warnings: intentional counter-factual prophecies, told in the hope thatthey would come false?
    • Saving the WorldColossians 1:21For in Jesus all the fullness of God waspleased to dwell,
    • Saving the WorldColossians 1:22and through him God was pleased toreconcile to himself all things, whetheron earth or in heaven, by making peacethrough the blood of his cross.
    • Saving the WorldIsaiah 49:5And now the Lord says, who formed mein the womb to be his servant, to bringJacob back to him, and that Israelmight be gathered to him,
    • Saving the WorldIsaiah 49:5for I am honored in the sight of theLord, and my God has become mystrength –
    • Saving the WorldIsaiah 49:6he says, “It is too small a thing that youshould be my servant to raise up thetribes of Jacob and to restore thesurvivors of Israel;
    • Saving the WorldIsaiah 49:6“I will give you as a light to the nations,that my salvation may reach to the endof the earth.”
    • Saving the WorldPsalm 100:1Make a joyful noise to the Lord, all theearth,
    • Saving the WorldPsalm 100:2Worship the Lord with gladness, comeinto his presence with singing.
    • Saving the WorldGenesis 12:3… and in you all the families of theearth shall be blessed.
    • Saving the WorldTitus 2:11For the grace of God has appeared toall, bringing salvation
    • Saving the WorldTitus 2:11For the grace of God has appeared toall, bringing salvationFor the grace of God has appeared,bringing salvation to all
    • Saving the WorldTitus 2:11Ἐπεφάνη γὰρ ἡ χάρις τοῦ θεοῦσωτήριος πᾶσιν ἀνθρώποις
    • Saving the WorldTitus 2:11Ἐπεφάνη γὰρἡ χάρις τοῦ θεοῦσωτήριοςπᾶσιν ἀνθρώποις
    • Saving the WorldJohn 12:32“And when I am lifted up from theearth, I will draw all people to myself.”
    • Saving the WorldJohn 12:33He said this to indicate the kind ofdeath he was to die.
    • Saving the WorldJohn 12:47I do not judge anyone who hears mywords and does not keep them, for Icame not to judge the world, but tosave the world.
    • Saving the WorldDo we get to believe that Jesus, theJudge of the living and the dead, camewith the purpose not of judging theworld but of saving the world?
    • Saving the WorldDoes this mean everyone is saved?
    • Saving the WorldDoes this mean everyone is saved?No.
    • Saving the WorldDoes this mean everyone is saved?No.But would that be such a bad thing?
    • Saving the WorldThe characters in the middle of thestory don’t know how the story is goingto come out.
    • Saving the WorldIn the end, will the will of God for theredemption of all things be fulfilled, orwill it be frustrated?
    • Saving the WorldIn the end, will the will of God for theredemption of all things be fulfilled, orwill it be frustrated?I don’t get to know that yet.
    • Saving the WorldAs a character in the midst of the story,I can decide it’s OK not to know whatJesus says I don’t get to know:
    • Saving the WorldBut I do get to know that our Lord lovesand wants to save the world: Goddoesn’t want anybody to be left out.
    • Saving the WorldAnd I get to decide that I want the graceof God to reach to all the world, too: Idon’t want anybody to be left out.
    • Saving the WorldAnd I get to trust in God, to work outhow that all happens.
    • Saving the WorldWhat do we learn, about God and aboutourselves, from the story of Jesusrebuking James’ and John’s desire todestroy the Samaritan village?
    • Saving the WorldWhat do we learn, about God and aboutourselves, from the stories that tell usJesus is the judge of the living and thedead?
    • Saving the WorldWhat do we learn, about God and aboutourselves, from the story of God’s lovefor and desire for the redemption of allthings?