The Enlightenment Power Point.Ppt

9,368 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
9,368
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
23
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
149
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Enlightenment Power Point.Ppt

  1. 1. The Enlightenment (Age of Reason) Late 1600’s to 1790
  2. 2. The Enlightenment <ul><li>Time period that was characterized by the use of reason and scientific method. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How did each contribute to the Enlightenment ? <ul><li>Popularization of Science </li></ul><ul><li>A New Skepticism </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of Travel Literature </li></ul>
  4. 4. How did each contribute to the Enlightenment-cont. <ul><li>Legacy of Locke & Newton: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual Inspiration for Enlightenment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If followed Newton’s rules of reasoning, could discover natural laws that governed politics, econ., justice, religion, & arts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locke believe believed people born with blank mind & knowledge is derived from environment, not heredity, reason, or faith </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So by changing environment & subjecting people to proper influences, they would be changed & new society created. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. The Philosophes: <ul><li>Who were they? </li></ul><ul><li>Group of Enlightened thinkers who believed in reason, liberty, natural law, progress, and human happiness. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in applying reason and rational criticism to all things, including religion, politics, and focused on improving the world and life, instead of the afterlife </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Philosophes-cont. <ul><li>Life should be viewed through the eyes of reason and rationality </li></ul><ul><li>Reason should be applied to all aspects of life </li></ul><ul><li>Challenged the traditional views such as: rule by divine right, teaching of the church, absolute monarchy, nobility’s right to special privileges </li></ul><ul><li>People had the ability to improve themselves and the conditions under which they lived: knowledge, reason, and liberty can make society better! </li></ul>
  7. 8. 5 main ideals of the Philosophes: <ul><li>Reason : Everything should be approached in a reasonable manner </li></ul><ul><li>Nature : Natural things are best for society </li></ul><ul><li>Happiness : A person who lived by natural laws would be happy. Improve life and society </li></ul><ul><li>Progress : Society can improve and make progress by using reason and scientific method </li></ul><ul><li>Liberty : People have personal rights and liberties that no one can take away </li></ul>
  8. 9. The Philosophes-cont. <ul><li>How would the Philosophes feel about the following: </li></ul><ul><li>-Absolute Monarchs? </li></ul><ul><li>-Legal and social inequality? </li></ul><ul><li>Serfdom & Slavery? </li></ul><ul><li>The Old Regime ( Feudalism)? </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance? </li></ul><ul><li>The Catholic Church and Protestant Churches? </li></ul><ul><li>Religious intolerance? </li></ul>

×