Empowering librarians by creating a research culture
Empowering Librarians by creating a Research Culture Jayatunga Amaraweera Former Librarian Buddhist & Pali University of Sri Lanka
What is Culture ?• The word culture has many different meanings: Culture is the full range of learned human behaviour patterns.• Culture is "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society." (Edward B. Tylor , 1871)
What is Research ?• A detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. (Cambridge Dictionaries Online, 2003.)• Systematic investigation to establish facts or principles or to collect information on a subject ( www.thefreedictionary.com)• Organized study: methodical investigation into a subject in order to discover facts, to establish or revise a theory, or to develop a plan of action based on the facts discovered ( www.bing.com/Dictionary)
What is research?• “A careful, systematic , patient study and investigation in some field of knowledge, undertaken to establish facts or princilpes” (Grinnell, 1993:4)• It is a discovery (Rediscovery); A voyage from the known to the unknown• An effort to be closer to the truth
Steps of Research process• 1. Formulation a of a research problem• 2. Creation of a research design• 3. Constructing instruments for data collection• 4. Selecting a sample• 5.Writing the research proposal• 6. Collecting data• 7. Analysing / Processing data• 8. Writing the report or thesis / dissertation
What is Research Culture ?• Research is a learned behaviour; it is started the days in secondary school and is enhanced as we progress through our degrees and careers.• The research culture is the structure which gives that behaviour significance and that allows us to understand and evaluate the research activity.• In an university, the cultural structure based around the behaviour of the staff and students that allows us to transfer the knowledge gained through this systematic process to our students and to the community.
a need of Research Culture because:• Research is the basis of how a universityeducation and learning works• It is the intellectual life blood of our Academicstaff including librarians• It should be the fundamental support of ourteaching, learning , knowledge developmentand instruction• It is a basis of our support for the universityand learning community.
Three basic components of a Research CultureThe first strand is research, embracing the systematicgeneration of new knowledge, development of new ideasand experiment with new techniques.The second strand is Learning and Teaching. It explicates a body of ideas, is informed by availableresearch, and instills, habits of inquiry that reflect theavailable nature of knowledgeThe final strand is knowledge transfer. It encompasses many dimensions of interaction betweenacademia and the wider society and community
Developing research capacity in health librariansHealth Information & Libraries JournalVolume 25, Issue 3, pages 159-174, 11 AUG 2008 DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-1842.2008.00788.xhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2008.00788.x/full#f1
Developing research capacity in health librariansHealth Information & Libraries JournalVolume 25, Issue 3, pages 159-174, 11 AUG 2008 DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-1842.2008.00788.xhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2008.00788.x/full#f3
Implications for Practice in a research culture• Beginto give greater consideration to personalresearch capability and begin developing thisthrough the learning of appropriate skills.• Where possible become more involved withresearch collaborations and networks such as onlinediscussion forums to help develop research skillsand to actively encourage and support engagementwith research activities.• Where possible work closely with experiencedprofessional and academic researchers and ask tobe involved in more than just literature searches. (Hannah Rossall et.al., 2008)
A member of Res. Cult. should be :•A good planner and a designer•A good observer•An active reader•An evaluator and an analyst•A critic•A competent interpreter•A able presenter•A profound reporter /writer
How to do research(From Internet )www.au.af.mil/au/awc/study/grant-research.pptwww.eecis.udel.edu/~elloyd/signew.d/Research.pptwww.powershow.com/view/146b09-OGRjZ/Why_do_research
From YouTube (VDOs)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zFoSDPRaLOkhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pGRE0acAjjUhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wd2XkcoMNT8http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NeKbBW5xvNUhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N4l0s0lrDl8http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z3aBWEWBlGQ