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Food pyramid
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  • 1. Food Pyramid
  • 2. Food Pyramid
  • 3. Food Pyramid
    • The Food Pyramid is an easy way to create a healthy diet. It consists of 6 food groups and 4 levels.
    • One should eat more servings per day from the lower levels, fewer from the higher ones.
  • 4. Food Pyramid
    • Grains form the lowest level and the foundation of the pyramid.
    • Grains contain complex carbohydrates, B vitamins, iron, protein, magnesium and fiber.
    • 6 to 11 servings each day (at least 50% of your total calories) from this group, which includes cereals, rice and pasta.
  • 5. Food Pyramid
    • Fruits and vegetables are the next level.
    • These foods are naturally fat- and cholesterol-free, as well as low in sodium.
    • They also contain a rich supply of vitamins A and C, potassium, magnesium and fiber, which may reduce the risk of certain cancers.
    • 5 to 9 servings of fruits and vegetables every day.
  • 6. Food Pyramid
    • Dairy, meat and meat alternatives are on the pyramid's third level.
    • Dairy products – such as cheese and milk – provide calcium, protein, vitamins B, D and A.
    • The meat and meat alternatives – which include poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs and nuts – are rich sources of protein, phosphorus, vitamins B 6 and B 12 , zinc, magnesium, iron, niacin and thiamin.
    • 2 to 3 servings from each of these groups daily.
  • 7. Food Pyramid
    • The top of the pyramid is for fats, oils and sweets.
    • These foods are all high in calories, but low in nutritional value.
    • Foods with high fat content include margarine, butter, salad dressing, mayonnaise, cream, cream cheese and sauces.
    • Everything from cake, pie and doughnuts to soft drinks falls in the "sweets" category.
    • Eat very sparingly from this group.
  • 8. Fast Food
  • 9. Why do we eat fast food?
    • It tastes good
    • It’s quick
    • Convenience -especially when traveling
    • Less time spent in kitchen
    • Low cost
  • 10. Why is fast food bad for us?
    • Contains a lot of Calories
    • Many fast foods are fried in fat - even if they are heated up in an oven.
    • High in saturated fat
    • Contains some trans fat
    • High in cholesterol
    • A lot of sodium
    • Low nutritional value
    • Likely you will overeat
  • 11. What can we do?
    • Eat out less
    • Make foods at home
    • Eat more organic foods
      • Fruits and vegetables
    • Eat a balanced diet
      • Follow food pyramid
    • Choose salads and grilled foods instead of fried foods, and avoid the high-fat, high-calorie toppings.
  • 12. Trans fat
    • Trans fat is the common name for a type of unsaturated fat
    • Unlike other dietary fats, trans fats are neither required nor beneficial for health
    • Eating trans fats increases the risk of coronary heart disease