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  • article is very nice. But it is only motivation which leads to job competition?? How about the other key factors such as leadership, leisure?
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  1. 1. MOTIVATION <ul><li>Motivation represents the outcomes of several behavioral inputs such as Perception, attitude and learning and it is an important concept receiving considerable attention from academics, researchers and practicing managers. </li></ul>
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION TO MOTIVATION Motivation is derived from ”motive” means an idea, need a emotion or organic state prompts an man to an action.
  3. 3. MEANING OF MOTIVATION <ul><li>Motive may be defined as an inner state of our mind that activities and directs our behavior. It makes us move to out. It is always internal to us and is externalized via behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation is one’s willingness to exert efforts towards the accomplishment of his / her goal. </li></ul>
  4. 4. DEFINITION OF MOTIVATION <ul><li>“ Motivation is the willingness to exert high levels of effort toward organization goals, conditioned by effort ability to satisfy some individual need.” </li></ul><ul><li> Stephen p. Robbins </li></ul><ul><li>“ Motivation is the complex of forces starting and keeping a person work in an organization”. </li></ul><ul><li> Dubin </li></ul>
  5. 5. TYPES OF MOTIVATION <ul><li>Negative Motivation : Negative Motivation results in disloyalty of the group as well as to organization. </li></ul><ul><li>For ex : (It is based on force or fear that is workers can be threatened with demotion, dismissal, lay off, pay cut etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Motivation : It is based on reward . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Extrinsic Motivation : Extrinsic motivation is available only after the completion of job. For ex (Increase in wages, retirement benefits, rest periods, holidays ,health wages, health insurance etc) Intrinsic Motivation: Intrinsic motivation is available at the time of performance of work. This motivations provide a satisfaction during the performance of the work itself.
  7. 7. <ul><li>For ex: Praise, recognition, power, delegation of authority and responsibility, competition and participation in the decision making process are some example of intrinsic motivation. </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Motivation: It is an direct motivation which is directly associated with money, wages, salaries, bonus, profit-sharing, paid vacation, retirement benefits, free medical service etcs. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Non-Financial Motivation: These are not associated with monetary rewards. </li></ul><ul><li>For ex: (Praise, job rotation, delegation of authority and responsibility, participation, recognition and power are some of the examples for Non-financial motivation) . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Steps in Motivation <ul><li>a </li></ul>Signing up Planning a set of Motive Tool Prepare a set of Motive Tool Selection &Application of Appropriate Motivation Feedback
  10. 10. Conclusion Thus Motivation Comprises important elements such as the need or content , Search and choice of strategies, Goal directed behavior, Social Comparison of reward , reinforcement, performance and satisfaction.