Mangroves
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Mangroves

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Biology, biodiversity and Ecological importance of mangrove forests.

Biology, biodiversity and Ecological importance of mangrove forests.

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Mangroves Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Mangroves- the coastal border security force Dr. M. Jayakara Bhandary Government College Karwar
  • 2. Mangrove trees fringing the river bank MANGROVES •ECOLOGICALLY UNIQUE PLANTS • SHORE PROTECTION • BREEDING GROUND FOR FISHERY RESOURCES • NUTRITION • LOCAL NEEDS Aerial roots of mangroves
  • 3. Mangrove ecology
  • 4. Global distribution of mangroves
  • 5. Mangrove views…
  • 6. Mangrove root systems
  • 7. Ecotourism potential..
  • 8. MANGROVE SEEDLINGS
  • 9. ESTUARIES-Highly productive ecosystems Aghanashini….. Shell fish – 5 crores Shell mining-5000 tonnes 14 rivers… Lowland rice – 3.5 crores
  • 10. VIEW OF KALI ESTURY FROM GUDDALLI
  • 11. Estuarine/Mangrove Flora Acrstichum aureum, Avicennia spp. Aegiceros corniculatum, Acanthus ilicifolius Bruguiera spp. Cerbera odollum Excoecaria agallocha, Kandelia candel Lumnitzera racemosa, Sonneratia spp. Rhizophora spp. , Clerodendrum inerme Calophyllum inophyllum, Derris spp. Thespesia populnea, Pandanus spp. Vitex negundo
  • 12. Mangrove diversity….. Excoecaria agallocha Aegiceras corniculatum Bruguiera gymnorrhiza Acrostichum aureum Lumnitzera racemosa (Mangrove fern)
  • 13. Mangrove associates Derris spp. Clerodendrum sp. Premna sp. Dolichandrone spathaceae Pongamia sp. Cyperus sp. Canavalia sp. Dalbergia sp. Caesalpina crista
  • 14. Estuarine/marine fauna…… Prawns – 80 spp. Crabs/Lobsters – 15 spp. Bivalves – 20 spp. Scillago sp. (Kane) Cephalopods – 8 spp. Gastropods – 15 spp. Sea cucumbers – 12 sp. Fin fish – 200 spp. Sharks – 60 spp. Skates – 10 spp. Rays – 20 spp.
  • 15. Devastating Tsunami…
  • 16. THREATS…… Deforestation / Private ownership Sand/Shell mining Prawn Farming / Ghazni conversion Tourism activities
  • 17. Mangrove destruction..
  • 18. SAVE US…….. …WE SAVE YOUR COASTLINE