On Making Oral Presentations    spring 2011
Organizing a          Presentation• Have something to say that’s worth our  attention.• Be sold on its validity or importa...
Organizing a                  Presentation• Phrase your thoughts clearly; be easy to    follow.• Speak to the point: backg...
Delivery• Be prepared • Handouts • Good notes • Quick access to visuals, media • Anticipate questions
Rehearse• Rehearse in a classroom• Rehearse with a friend• Rehearse with your laptop• Rehearse with the preceptor or instr...
Disadvantages and Pitfalls of the    Powerpoint Presentation• Presenter-oriented, not audience- or  content-oriented• Mini...
Disadvantages...• Cognitive style • The cognitive style of a PPT presentation      is to sell  • The cognitive style of a ...
Delivery: to the room• Put the whole thing somewhere • A folder on eDisk or other server • A “flash drive” or other externa...
Delivery: to the room• Bring your laptop • Cables; adapter • Issues:   • resolution   • screen mirroring   • fonts   • Mac...
Delivery• Style • Don’t just read your notes; above all, don’t    read the screen  • Raise your head; speak to the back of...
Delivery• How to use on-screen presentations:  computer projections (PowerPoint, Keynote),  overhead slides • Very little ...
Delivery• Also bring handouts: abstract plus  references  • Make them as good as a printed paper:    spelling, complete se...
Delivery• Poise• Dress
Software• Microsoft PowerPoint • Almost universal nowadays • Has its own “player”; available in TECs
Software• Apple Keynote • New in 2003; updated in 2006 and 2009 • Has its own player • Can also export to PowerPoint • Ins...
MultiMedia: Audio, Video, Graphics in presentations• Capture photographs, other graphics • see ITS (Harris): scanners, etc...
MultiMedia: Audio, Video, Graphics in presentations• Capture audio or video • see ITS • Audio: SoundStudio, iTunes • Video...
MultiMedia: Audio, Video, Graphics in presentations• Insert in Keynote/PowerPoint presentation• Acknowledge your source!
MultiMedia: Audio, Video, Graphics in presentations• Practical warnings: • your software is not their software • your font...
Independent           audio/video• Video: • DVD (in computer); can use bookmarks    and “clips”• Audio • CD (in computer)
Independent           audio/video• Practical warnings: • plan in advance • is special software or hardware required? • tra...
Example• Graphics • ITS: scan photograph, etc. • or, use Grab or other capture for online      graphics  • Export in a sta...
Example• Audio • ITS capture station • Keep as a QuickTime “movie” • Embed in presentation                                ...
Example• Audio • CD imported into iTunes • Export as MP3 file • Convert to QuickTime “movie” • Embed in presentation       ...
Example• Video from VHS or DVD • ITS capture station • Keep as QuickTime movie • Embed in presentation                    ...
References•   Audio/video    •   Audio and video extracts from Frankenstein (Universal Pictures, 1931)    •   Theme from T...
Apple• Keynote • part of iWork • can export PowerPoint and PDF • can import PowerPoint • available (limited) on iPad; requ...
Apple• iPhone and iPod Touch • remote controller for Keynote,    PowerPoint • requires WiFi; same network
Apple• iWork.com (beta) • transfer documents to server (“the     cloud”) • share, edit, play from there •   https://www.iw...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Making presentations11

366 views

Published on

On Making Oral Presentations: for students, especially at F&M College. Last revised February 2011.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
366
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • \n
  • Not all may be relevant to a particular assignment; the presumption here is that your presentation is to persuade, not just inform.\n
  • Rule of three: tell them what you’re going to say; say it; tell them what you’ve said.\n
  • PPT and Keynote allow for speaker’s notes, which only the speaker sees. These could also be printed as part of a handout.\nBe aware of “dead air”: it shouldn’t take more than seconds to start an audio or video clip.\nHandout may have to use different background than real slides; use of color?\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • Remarks about Tufte and his books...Beautiful Evidence, Visual Explanations, Envisioning Information, The Visual Display of Quantitative Information.\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • Depending on position of screen, podium, yourself: use speaker’s notes.\nRemote device for Keynote or PowerPoint allows speaker’s notes.\n
  • 10% of men are colorblind \nColors depend on light in room\n
  • This may depend on the assignment.\n
  • \n
  • “PowerPoint” has come to mean this kind of presentation, whether or not one uses MS PPT.\n
  • iWork available to you, now; one-time deal.\nKeynote Remote app for iPod, iPhone\nKeynote itself for iPad.\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • For example, TECs may not have particular fonts which you have used in a presentation.\nTECs may not have a Flash player or something to show a video or audio from a website.\n
  • Tape media (VHS, audio) are available on loan.\n
  • Tradeoff between playing a video clip from a DVD and “capturing” it and embedding it in presentation\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • Some WiFi networks may prohibit use of remotes\n
  • \n
  • Making presentations11

    1. 1. On Making Oral Presentations spring 2011
    2. 2. Organizing a Presentation• Have something to say that’s worth our attention.• Be sold on its validity or importance.• Furnish strong arguments, with support.• Use confident language.
    3. 3. Organizing a Presentation• Phrase your thoughts clearly; be easy to follow.• Speak to the point: background, theme, conclusion.• Anticipate audience reaction.• Offer variety and wit; be the expert but act the friend.I am indebted to John Trimble in Writing with Style for some of these suggestions.
    4. 4. Delivery• Be prepared • Handouts • Good notes • Quick access to visuals, media • Anticipate questions
    5. 5. Rehearse• Rehearse in a classroom• Rehearse with a friend• Rehearse with your laptop• Rehearse with the preceptor or instructor
    6. 6. Disadvantages and Pitfalls of the Powerpoint Presentation• Presenter-oriented, not audience- or content-oriented• Minimal fragments, not whole sentences• Preoccupation with format, not content• Condensed data loses detail • > 1000 numbers in Science article; 12 on slide
    7. 7. Disadvantages...• Cognitive style • The cognitive style of a PPT presentation is to sell • The cognitive style of a presentation is to teach• The academic lecture • We used to “read a paper”; we were “speakers” • Now we “give a presentation”; we are “presenters”These ideas are gleaned from books and presentations by Edward Tufte.
    8. 8. Delivery: to the room• Put the whole thing somewhere • A folder on eDisk or other server • A “flash drive” or other external device• Bring presentation and all embedded media• Drag this folder onto classroom computer’s desktop• Or, bring your laptop
    9. 9. Delivery: to the room• Bring your laptop • Cables; adapter • Issues: • resolution • screen mirroring • fonts • Mac vs. Windows
    10. 10. Delivery• Style • Don’t just read your notes; above all, don’t read the screen • Raise your head; speak to the back of the room • Maintain eye contact; speak to particular individuals
    11. 11. Delivery• How to use on-screen presentations: computer projections (PowerPoint, Keynote), overhead slides • Very little information on each slide • Title, 4-5 points or one graphic • Uncluttered background • light on dark • be careful of color • Use “effects” sparingly
    12. 12. Delivery• Also bring handouts: abstract plus references • Make them as good as a printed paper: spelling, complete sentences, grammar • Color is an expensive option • Fallback position • References or bibliography• Plan ahead to print and copy
    13. 13. Delivery• Poise• Dress
    14. 14. Software• Microsoft PowerPoint • Almost universal nowadays • Has its own “player”; available in TECs
    15. 15. Software• Apple Keynote • New in 2003; updated in 2006 and 2009 • Has its own player • Can also export to PowerPoint • Installed in most TECs • Why?
    16. 16. MultiMedia: Audio, Video, Graphics in presentations• Capture photographs, other graphics • see ITS (Harris): scanners, etc. • Digital cameras • Grab and capture from an online source • iPhoto
    17. 17. MultiMedia: Audio, Video, Graphics in presentations• Capture audio or video • see ITS • Audio: SoundStudio, iTunes • Video: iMovie, QuickTime
    18. 18. MultiMedia: Audio, Video, Graphics in presentations• Insert in Keynote/PowerPoint presentation• Acknowledge your source!
    19. 19. MultiMedia: Audio, Video, Graphics in presentations• Practical warnings: • your software is not their software • your fonts are not their fonts
    20. 20. Independent audio/video• Video: • DVD (in computer); can use bookmarks and “clips”• Audio • CD (in computer)
    21. 21. Independent audio/video• Practical warnings: • plan in advance • is special software or hardware required? • transporting media “assets” with presentation • usually better to capture small “sound bites” or video
    22. 22. Example• Graphics • ITS: scan photograph, etc. • or, use Grab or other capture for online graphics • Export in a standard format file (jpeg, tiff) • Embed in presentation Boris Karloff as Frankenstein’s creature Frankenstein (Universal, 1931)
    23. 23. Example• Audio • ITS capture station • Keep as a QuickTime “movie” • Embed in presentation Elizabeth screams Frankenstein (Universal, 1931)
    24. 24. Example• Audio • CD imported into iTunes • Export as MP3 file • Convert to QuickTime “movie” • Embed in presentation Chris Anderson, theme from The Angel Doll.
    25. 25. Example• Video from VHS or DVD • ITS capture station • Keep as QuickTime movie • Embed in presentation Elizabeth screams Frankenstein (Universal, 1931)
    26. 26. References• Audio/video • Audio and video extracts from Frankenstein (Universal Pictures, 1931) • Theme from The Angel Doll, Chris Anderson, 2002. Personal copy, gift of the composer.• Text • John Trimble, Writing with Style. (Prentice-Hall, 2000). • Edward Tufte, Beautiful Evidence. (Graphics Press, 2006).
    27. 27. Apple• Keynote • part of iWork • can export PowerPoint and PDF • can import PowerPoint • available (limited) on iPad; requires cable • several remote controllers available for iPhone, FrontRow, others
    28. 28. Apple• iPhone and iPod Touch • remote controller for Keynote, PowerPoint • requires WiFi; same network
    29. 29. Apple• iWork.com (beta) • transfer documents to server (“the cloud”) • share, edit, play from there • https://www.iwork.com/r/?d=MakingPresentations11.key&a=p55199268

    ×