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Behavioral theories



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  • 1. The ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals
  • 2.  To guide people  To Develop people  To motivate people  To Inspire and influence peoples to do work  To set the directions  To shape the entities  For the smoother functioning  To give peoples the sense of accomplishment etc.
  • 3. Leaders are Born OR Can be Made
  • 4. Select the Leader OR Train the leader
  • 5. If Born… (Trait theory) If made… (Behavioral Theory)
  • 6. Leadership Traits • Extraversion • Conscientiousness • Openness • Emotional Intelligence (Qualified) Theories that consider personality, social, physical, or intellectual traits to differentiate leaders from nonleaders
  • 7. Behavioral Theories of Leadership Theories proposing that specific behaviors differentiate leaders from nonleaders Goal: Develop leaders
  • 8. Ohio State Studies  Initiating Structure  Consideration University of Michigan  Production Orientation  Employee Orientation
  • 9. Initiating Structure Define and structure role or job Consideration The extent to which a leader is likely to have job relationships characterized by;  mutual trust respect for subordinate’s ideas, regard for his/her feelings
  • 10. Employee-oriented Leader Emphasizing interpersonal relations;  Taking a personal interest in the needs of employees Accepting individual differences among members Production-oriented Leader Emphasize on technical or task aspects of the job
  • 11. Assumption: Leaders can be trained Leaders are effective because of actions they take Implication: Activities of effective leaders
  • 12. LIMITATIONS: Situational factors are ignored Leaders need to be flexible… Effective behaviors do not generalize across situations.
  • 13. Behaviorla Theory Trait Theory  Leaders can be trained  Develop leaders  Specific behavior  Leaders are born  Select lesders  Personality traits
  • 14. Conclusion