Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Surah Al-Fatiha
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Surah Al-Fatiha

2,446

Published on

Surah Al-Fatiha is one of the most profound Surah's of the Quran. It is the opening Surah of the Quran; the Surah without which Salah is invalid. …

Surah Al-Fatiha is one of the most profound Surah's of the Quran. It is the opening Surah of the Quran; the Surah without which Salah is invalid.

This is a quick presentation that will detail all the gems that are hidden in this amazing Surah.

Published in: Spiritual, Technology
1 Comment
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,446
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
97
Comments
1
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Surah Al-Fatihah:An IntroductionPlease press the ‘Space’ key to proceed throughthe presentation….
  • 2.  Al Fatihah means The ‘opening’ [of Quraan] This is a Makki Surah – revealed before the Hijrah It is one of the most important surahs in Quraan It was the first complete Surah revealed ‘Salah’ (prayer) is invalid without it! Let’s look at each of the seven ayas of Surah Fatiha to get a basic understanding of their meaning.
  • 3. Ayah #1: Bismillāhir-Raḥmānir-Raḥīm With the name of Allah, the Al-Rahmaan, the Al-Raheem Al-Rahmaan & Al-Raheem: both are derived from the same root: Rahima - which relates to Mercy. However each is a different characteristic of Allahs Rehma  Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said, "Allah has divided mercy into one hundred parts; and He retained with Him ninety-nine parts, and sent down to earth one part. Through this one part creatures deal with one another with compassion, so much so that an animal lifts its hoof over its young lest it should hurt it". [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] Rahmaan: refers to His Mercy in full force... like one huge tidal wave crashing against the shore Raheem: refers to the continuity of His Mercy... like the calm waves on a calm shore.
  • 4. Ayah #2: Al Hamdu lillāhi Rabbi l-‘Alamīn All Hamd is due to Allah, Rabb of All the Worlds Hamd - The word hamd, is inclusive of both praise and thanks (shukr)  You praise something amazing, but it might not be of any benefit to you, e.g. a beautiful rose or sunset  you give thanks for something, which was beneficial to you or was helpful to you  So we praise and give thanks to Allah, not only because of His amazing creation, but because of how much benefit His creation is to us... Rabb - Rabb is usually translated as Lord... but there is much more to this word.  In Arabic the word Rabb - when it refers to Allah - means not only Lord, but the one who creates something and then slowly takes care of its every little need throughout its entire existence.  So Allah is the Rabb of this entire Universe: He is in full control of everything and takes care of His creations every single need... nothing occurs without His leave.
  • 5. Ayah # 3: Ar-Raḥmānir-Raḥīm Most Beneficent, Most Merciful Al-Rahmaan & Al-Raheem: both are derived from the same root: Rahima, which relates to Mercy. However each is a different characteristic of Allahs Rehma  Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said, "Allah has divided mercy into one hundred parts; and He retained with Him ninety-nine parts, and sent down to earth one part. Through this one part creatures deal with one another with compassion, so much so that an animal lifts its hoof over its young lest it should hurt it". [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] Rahmaan: refers to His Mercy in full force... like one huge tidal wave crashing against the shore Raheem: refers to the continuity of His Mercy... like the calm waves on a calm shore.
  • 6. Ayah #4: Māliki Yawmid-Dīn Owner of the Day of Recompense Al Deen: The word Deen has several different meanings in the Quran including: Law, System, Recompense - Here the meaning is the Day of Recompense. The Day when each soul will be requited what it earned in this life. Allah is the only authority on the day of recompense: Although we know that Allah is the owner and master of all things, in this life Allah has given some people some level of authority and control. However, on that day it will be very clear that no one is in authority except Allah. No one has any power other than Rabb-ul-’Aalameen
  • 7. Ayah #5: Iyyāka nabudu wa iyyāka nastaīn You do we worship and You do we ask for help This ayah could also have been written as "nabuduka wa nastaeenuka" - but iyyaka na’budu wa iyyaka nasta’een gives even more emphasis: Only You do we worship... and Only You do we ask for Help. In this life even though we consciously say that Allah is the one who has power over all ... sub-consciously we still look to others in our time of need, e.g. when we are sick we think only the doctor can heal us Our Aqeedah must always be that a person can only help me if Allah permits it. He cannot do anything for me if Allah does not let him do it. This verse should completely eliminate the concept of going to ‘saints’ and asking them to do things for us which only Allah can do... e.g. making duaa to dead saints if a woman cant have children, etc. Often times, only when all else fails do we think Ok, maybe we can also try praying to Allah since nothing else is working... This ayah should set us straight
  • 8. Ihdinā ṣ-ṣirāṭ al-mustaqīm (ayah #6) Guide us on the straight path We always need guidance from Allah: there is never a point in our lives that we should feel that we dont need Allah to guide us... There are several ways of giving guidance to someone: 1. Via gestures: go this way and that way 2. To draw them a map... 3. To hold their hand and actually take them step by step to their destinationNo. 3 is what we should be asking from Allah: to take our hand and take us to Paradiseand not to leave our hand anywhere in between This is why Allah says about the people in Paradise that their praise will be: Alhamdulillahilladhi hadaanaa li hadha wa maa kunna linahtadia low laa an hadaana Allah ‘All praise is due to the one who guided us to this, and we could not have guided ourselves if Allah had not guided us’
  • 9. Ayah #7: Ṣirāṭ al-laḏīna anamta alayhim ġayril maġḍūbi alayhim walāḍ ḍāllīnThe path of those on whom you have bestowed your favor. Not the path of those who have earned your anger... nor of those who are astray Who are those upon who Allah has bestowed his favor??Allah tells us in Surah An-Nisa:“All who obey Allah and the Messenger (SAW) are in the company of those on whom is the Grace of Allah,- of the prophets (who teach), the sincere (lovers of Truth), the witnesses (who testify), and the Righteous (who do good): Ah! what a beautiful fellowship! “ (Al Nisa 69)Continued… (Next slide)
  • 10.  Who has earned the anger of Allah? The one who has been shown the proofs of Allah and he/she rejects it... Out of arrogance or jealousy, or whatever.. not only once but again and again. According to a hadith in Tirmidhi.. this specifically refers to the Jews Who are those who went astray? This refers to specifically to the Christians - because in their love of Eesa (AS) they began doing things that have nothing to do withEesa.. Their priests began doing strange things like not marrying because they feel that this is not something pious... BUT! Both of the above can apply to us as well.. how many of us reject the ahadith or Quran out of arrogance? How many of us begin new innovations in Islam out of extreme love for someone or something? e.g. some people love a pious scholar so much that they began taking his grave as a place of worship...
  • 11. Oh Allah! help us understand this beautiful surah and help us to really implement its meanings within our lives… Ameen!

×