ASKING AND ANSWERING QUESTIONS WHERE IS CORSICA LOCATED ? BALKAN PENINSULA IS LOCATED BETWEEN ____ AND ____ . ITALIAN PENINSULA IS LOCATED BETWEEN _____ AND _____ . WHICH ARE THE MAIN NORTHERN MEDITERRANIAN COUNTRIES? WHAT ARE THE MAIN SEAS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN BASIN FROM WESTERN TO EASTERN? WHERE IS THE THYRRENIAN SEA LOCATED? WHY IS CYPRUS AN EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN ISLAND?
CLASSICAL SCULPTURE: ACROSS 3. Island located in the Aegean Sea 5. Area located in the South 7. Main Italian city 9. Area located in the North 10. Sea located between Greece and Asia Minor 11. The most famous Italian river 13. Country located in an eastern peninsula 14. Sea located between Italy and Greece 15. Western Italian island 16. Sea located between Italy and Sardinia 18. The most Eastern Mediterranean island 19. The most famous Greek mountain GEOGRAPHICAL FRAME DOWN 1. Area located in the East 2. A huge Greek island in the Mediterranean 4. Main city of Peloponnesus 6. Mare Nostrum 8. Area located in the West 10. Eastern Italian sea 12. Southern Italian island 17. A coloured sea in the Mediterranean basin
2. CHRONOLOGICAL FRAME Kleobis and Biton. Kouroi. 580 B.C. Grave stele of a little girl with doves ca.450 B.C. CLASSICAL SCULPTURE
Polykleitos. Doryphoros. ca.450-440 B.C. Laocoon and his sons. Original from ca.200 B.C.
Portrait bust of a man, 1st century B.C. Augustus of Primaporta. Early 1st century AD (marble) after a bronze of the 1st century BC
Ara Pacis Augustae. 9 B.C. Rome Trajan’s column. 113 A.D. Rome
Ancient Greece, 1000 B.C.–1 A.D. Italian Peninsula, 1000 B.C.–1 A.D. Italian Peninsula, 1–500 A.D. TIMELINES
ANCIENT GREECE PERIOD ARCHAIC CLASSICAL HELLENISTIC CHRONOLOGY ARTWORKS ANCIENT ROME PERIOD MONARCHY / “SEVEN KINGS” REPUBLIC EMPIRE CHRONOLOGY ARTWORKS
ANCIENT GREECE PERIOD ARCHAIC CLASSICAL HELLENISTIC CHRONOLOGY 700 – 480 B.C. 480 – 323 B.C. 323 – 31 B.C. ARTWORKS <ul><li>Kleobis and Biton </li></ul><ul><li>Grave stele </li></ul><ul><li>Doryphoros </li></ul><ul><li>Laocoon </li></ul>ANCIENT ROME PERIOD MONARCHY / “SEVEN KINGS” REPUBLIC EMPIRE CHRONOLOGY 752 – 510 B.C. 509 – 27 B.C. 27 B.C. – 476 A.D. ARTWORKS <ul><li>Portrait bust </li></ul><ul><li>Trajan`s column </li></ul><ul><li>Augustus of </li></ul><ul><li>Primaporta </li></ul><ul><li>Ara Pacis Augustae </li></ul>
BC and AD //// BCE and CE Anno Domini ( Medieval Latin : In the year of (the/Our) Lord), [ abbreviated as AD or A.D. , is a designation used to number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars . More fully, years may be also specified as Anno Domini Nostri Iesu (Jesu) Christi ("In the Year of Our Lord Jesus Christ"). The calendar era which it numbers is based on the traditionally reckoned year of the conception or birth of Jesus . Before Christ , abbreviated as BC or B.C. , is used in the English language to denote years before the start of this epoch . Common Era (also known as Christian Era and Current Era ; ] abbreviated CE )  is a designation for the period of time beginning with year 1 of the proleptic Gregorian calendar . An earlier date is then designated BCE , described as " Before the Common ", " Christian ", or " Current Era “ . Traditionally, English copied Latin usage by placing the abbreviation before the year number for AD, but after the year number for BC; for example: 64 BC, but AD 2008. However, placing the AD after the year number (as in 2008 AD) is now also common. _____________________________________________ ORDER THE ARTWORKS FROM THE OLDEST TO THE MOST RECENT. GREEK AND ROMAN
ADD TO THIS <ul><li>LAOCOON AND HIS SONS ... </li></ul><ul><li>TRAJAN’S COLUMN IS ... </li></ul><ul><li>DORYPHORUS ... </li></ul><ul><li>ROMAN SCULPTURE ... </li></ul><ul><li>ARCHAIC GREEK SCULPTURE ... </li></ul>
WHO ARE YOU? WRITE ON A SHEET OF PAPER: CHRONOLOGY: (509-27 BC) AN ARTWORK: (PORTRAIT BUST) __________________________________________ MY PERIOD LASTS /SPANS FROM... TO... AND ... IS A GOOD EXAMPLE OF AN ARTWORK OF THIS PERIOD. ARE YOU... A GREEK /ROMAN PERIOD? I’M A .... PERIOD. YOU ARE... BECAUSE... COINCIDE WITH THAT PERIOD.
WRITE A SENTENCE SUMMARIZING THE GEOGRAPHICAL AND CHRONOLOGICAL FRAME OF THE CLASSICAL SCULPTURE. OR FILL IN THE GAPS : Classical sculpture, namely, Greek and _______sculptures lasts from the _________________to ____ century ___. Greek sculpture is divided in _______ periods, namely, _______, Classical and ____________; _____ sculpture is also classified in three periods: _________, _________and _______.
Classical sculpture, namely Greek and Roman sculptures, lasts from the 8 th century BC to 5 th century AD. Greek sculpture is divided in three periods, namely Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic; Roman sculpture is also classified in three periods: Monarchy, Republic and Empire.
MAKING SCULPTURES, TECHNIQUES CARVING To carve Carving is an ancient activity where pieces of rough natural stone or wood are shaped by the controlled removal of stone or wood. MODELLING To model To model or create from a substance such as clay , adding the material. CASTING To cast Casting is a manufacturing process by which a liquid material as bronze is (usually) poured into a mould, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify. The solid casting is then ejected or broken out to complete the process Assemblage Assemblage is an artistic process in which a three-dimensional artistic composition is made from putting together found objects.
liquid material as bronze is (usually) poured into a mould
<ul><li>And now read the next definitions and CLASSIFY the previous artworks in this grid: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SCULPTURE : A three dimensional work of art that can be made in a huge variety of materials and can be described as assemblage, statue in the round and relief. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RELIEF : A two dimensional work in which carved figures project from a background plane. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STATUE IN THE ROUND : An in-the-round statue is three dimensional with all parts of it fully carved or modelled. It is necessary to walk around the figure to fully appreciate its form. </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Types of relief </li></ul><ul><li>Bas-relief = (low relief) is where the overall depth of a projecting image is shallow. The background is compressed to such an extent it may be flat, as on coins. </li></ul><ul><li>Alto-relievo . Alto-relief (high relief) is where the image is highly undercut and rendered almost in the round against the background. Images are usually near natural depth. The background is detailed and deeper. </li></ul><ul><li>Sunken-relief , also known as intaglio or hollow-relief, is where the "background" is flat, but is nearest the viewer, while the image is deeper, carved into the flat surface. </li></ul>
statue is a sculpture in the round representing a person or persons, an animal, or an event, normally full-length, as opposed to a bust , and at least close to life-size, or larger. A bust is a sculpted or cast representation of the upper part of the human figure, depicting a person's head and neck , as well as a variable portion of the chest and shoulders . An equestrian statue is a statue of a horse -mounted rider.
SCULPTURE STATUE IN THE ROUND <ul><li>Kleobis and Biton </li></ul><ul><li>Doryphoros </li></ul><ul><li>Laocoon </li></ul><ul><li>Portrait bust </li></ul><ul><li>Augustus of Primaporta </li></ul>RELIEF <ul><li>Grave stele of a little girl with doves </li></ul><ul><li>Trajan’s column </li></ul><ul><li>Ara Pacis Augustae </li></ul>
4. ASKING AND ANSWERING QUESTIONS (5 Ws) Using the following 5 Ws prepare two questions to ask your classmates: ● WHAT ● WHO ● WHEN ? ● WHERE ● WHY
<ul><li>WHY IS AUGUSTUS OF PRIMA PORTA A STATUE IN THE ROUND? </li></ul><ul><li>WHEN WAS ARA PACIS CARVED? </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE IS LAOCOON AND HIS SONS LOCATED? </li></ul><ul><li>WHO IS DORYPHOROS‘ AUTHOR? </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE IS TRAJAN’S COLUMN LOCATED? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS THE OLDEST STATUE? </li></ul><ul><li>WHICH IS THE OLDEST RELIEF? </li></ul>
CATALOGUING REWRITE THIS SENTENCE: by an unknown author / that were carved / ,so they are considered / Cleobis and Biton / a good example of / in the year 580 BC / Archaic Greek sculpture / are two Greek statues.
<ul><li>Which of the sentences below describe a common feature of all the classical sculptures that we have seen? </li></ul>A) Expressivity and suffering is strong. B) The body is represented in a naturalistic (real) way. C) The movement is reinforced by the twist of bodies. D) The human body has a main role. E) Religion is the main theme represented. Your answer: We agree that _____________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________.
A) Expressivity and suffering is strong. B) The body is represented in a naturalistic (real) way. C) The movement is reinforced by the twist of bodies. D) The human body has a main role. E) Religion is the main theme represented. Your answer: We agree that _____________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________. <ul><li>Which of the sentences below describe a common feature to all the classical sculptures that we have seen? </li></ul>
‘ Man is the measure of all things: of things which are, that they are, and of things which are not, that they are not’ . Protagoras (ca.490-420 B.C.) πάντων χρημάτων μέτρον ἐστὶν ἄνθρωπος, τῶν μὲν ὄντων ὡς ἔστιν, τῶν δὲ οὐκ ὄντων ὡς οὐκ ἔστιν
7.1. THE HUMAN BODY 7.1. Identify the parts of the body indicated below: HEAD TRUNK LIMBS / EXTREMITIES FACE NECK EYE SHOULDER CHEST ARM LEG NOSE EAR BEARD GROIN HIP HAND FINGER KNEE FOOT HAIR MOUTH FOREHEAD BELLY BUTTON ELBOW ANKLE TOES
ASKING AND ANSWERING... HEAD TRUNK ? YOUR LIMBS LEFT ARM ? IS HIS RIGHT LEG SHOULDERS ? WHERE HER FOREHEAD NAVEL ? ARE THEIR EAR MOUTH ? NOSE HAIR ?
ODD ONE OUT Which word is the odd one out? <ul><li>KNEE, FACE, NOSE, EYES </li></ul><ul><li>NAVEL, GROIN, NECK, CHEST </li></ul><ul><li>HAND, FOOT, ELBOW, FINGER </li></ul><ul><li>ANKLE, KNEE, SHOULDER, TOES </li></ul><ul><li>HIP, MOUTH, FOREHEAD, EAR </li></ul>THE ___________ IS THE ODD ONE OUT BECAUSE IT’S __ __________ AND THE OTHERS ARE ___ _______________ .
CAN YOU GUESS ? <ul><li>________ is an anatomical term for the central part of the many animal bodies (including that of the human) from which extend the neck and limbs. </li></ul><ul><li>The _________are the two intricate, prehensile, multi- fingered body parts normally located at the end of each arm . </li></ul><ul><li>A _________ is the hair that grows on a person's chin , cheeks, neck, and the area above the upper lip </li></ul><ul><li>The _________ (also called an umbilicus or, colloquially, belly button ) is a scar on the abdomen , caused when the umbilical cord is removed from a newborn baby . </li></ul><ul><li>The ________ is the region surrounding the elbow-joint in the middle of the arm . </li></ul><ul><li>_______ are the digits of the foot of an animal </li></ul><ul><li>In human anatomy , the __________ is the bony part of the head above the eyes . </li></ul><ul><li>Anatomically, a ________ is a protuberance in vertebrates that houses the nostrils , or nares, which admit and expel air for respiration in conjunction with the mouth . </li></ul>
7.2. Rewrite the following four sentences related to the classical sculptures that we have seen: ● hands/has/in/The/girl/her/dove/young/a: ● suffering/of/The/Laocoon/face/represented/his/in/is: ● August of Primaporta /right/arm/raised/has/his: ● Doryphoros/his/leg/has/bent/left:
<ul><li>The young girl has a dove in her hands </li></ul><ul><li>The suffering of Laocoon is represented in his face </li></ul><ul><li>Augustus of Primaporta has his right arm raised </li></ul><ul><li>Doryphoros has his left leg bent </li></ul>7.2. Rewrite the following four sentences related to the classical sculptures that we have seen:
8. Write in the diagram below the name of these artworks according to their period /style: Altar of Zeus at Pergamum 164-156 B.C. Capitoline She wolf. 470 BC Anavissos Kouros 540-515 B.C.
Archaic period Kleobis and Biton Anavissos Kouros GREEK ART Classical period Doryphoros Hellenistic period Altar Zeus Pergamum Laocoon and his sons ROMAN ART Monarchy Republic Capitoline She wolf Empire Augustus of Prima Porta Apollo of Veyes
ROMAN SCULPTURE ARCHAIC CHRONOLOGICAL FRAME CLASSICAL EMPIRE GEOGRAPHICAL FRAME REPUBLIC MONARCHY CLASSICAL SCULPTURE LAOCOON DORYPHOROS CLEOBIS AND BITON HELLENISTIC CAPITOLINE SHE WOLF AUGUSTUS OF PRIMA PORTA ARTWORKS / WORKS OF ART GREEK SCULPTURE APOLLO OF VEYES http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_sculpture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_sculpture Sarcophagus from Cerveteri Etruscan sculpture c. 520 B.C. Apollo of Veyes c. 510 BC
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