American Government 10-4
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American Government 10-4

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    American Government 10-4 American Government 10-4 Presentation Transcript

    • Understanding Characteristics and Roles Congress 10-4 highlights Part I
    • The House of Representatives
    • The Senate
    • Can just anyone be a representative of the people? Who are our representatives like?
    • A: Backgrounds
      • I) Most House and Senate members are likely to be more wealthy and much older than the agerage U.S. citizens.
    • A: Backgrounds
      • II) Most members have prior political experience. The average Representative has served four terms.
    • B: On Being an Official
      • I) There are 4 descripions of how and why representatives cast votes.
      • 1. A trustee . . .
      • 2. A delegate . . .
      • 3. A partisan . . .
      • 4. A politico . . .
    • 4 descriptions
      • 1. A trustee bases a vote on how he or she sees the merits of a bill.
      • 2. A delegate bases a vote on how his or her constituents feel about the bill.
    • 4 Descriptions
      • 3. A partisan bases a vote on party loyalty.
      • 4. A politico bases a vote on a balance between the opinion constituents views.
    • B: On Being an Official
      • II) Representatives fill 5 essential roles.
        • As legislator . . .
        • As representative. . .
        • As committee member . . .
        • As servant . . .
        • As politician . . .
    • 5 roles
      • 1. as legislators and representatives they write, debate, amend and decide how and why to vote on bills.
    • 5 roles
      • 2. as committee members they decide which bills to send to the full chamber for debate.
      • They also use oversight function to investigate executive agencies.
    • 5 roles
      • 4. as servants, they use their power and access to help constituents deal with federal agencies.
      • 5. As politicians they look for reelection by balancing many roles and priorities.
    • C: Compensation
      • 1. Salary (for rank and file members of both chambers) is $174,000.
      • 2. Non Salary : pension, health benefits, and social security benefits.
    • C: Compensation
      • 3. Operations: franking privilege, a budget for staff, offices, housing, and travel expenses.
    • C: Compensation
      • 3. Pay raises
        • Congress votes to raise it's pay.
        • a pay raise is stalled until after next election, except CODA.
        • Only limited by voter backlash and presidential veto.