American Government 10-4

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American Government 10-4

  1. 1. Understanding Characteristics and Roles Congress 10-4 highlights Part I
  2. 2. The House of Representatives
  3. 3. The Senate
  4. 4. Can just anyone be a representative of the people? Who are our representatives like?
  5. 5. A: Backgrounds <ul><li>I) Most House and Senate members are likely to be more wealthy and much older than the agerage U.S. citizens. </li></ul>
  6. 6. A: Backgrounds <ul><li>II) Most members have prior political experience. The average Representative has served four terms. </li></ul>
  7. 7. B: On Being an Official <ul><li>I) There are 4 descripions of how and why representatives cast votes. </li></ul><ul><li>1. A trustee . . . </li></ul><ul><li>2. A delegate . . . </li></ul><ul><li>3. A partisan . . . </li></ul><ul><li>4. A politico . . . </li></ul>
  8. 8. 4 descriptions <ul><li>1. A trustee bases a vote on how he or she sees the merits of a bill. </li></ul><ul><li>2. A delegate bases a vote on how his or her constituents feel about the bill. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 4 Descriptions <ul><li>3. A partisan bases a vote on party loyalty. </li></ul><ul><li>4. A politico bases a vote on a balance between the opinion constituents views. </li></ul>
  10. 10. B: On Being an Official <ul><li>II) Representatives fill 5 essential roles. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As legislator . . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As representative. . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As committee member . . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As servant . . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As politician . . . </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. 5 roles <ul><li>1. as legislators and representatives they write, debate, amend and decide how and why to vote on bills. </li></ul>
  12. 12. 5 roles <ul><li>2. as committee members they decide which bills to send to the full chamber for debate. </li></ul><ul><li>They also use oversight function to investigate executive agencies. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 5 roles <ul><li>4. as servants, they use their power and access to help constituents deal with federal agencies. </li></ul><ul><li>5. As politicians they look for reelection by balancing many roles and priorities. </li></ul>
  14. 14. C: Compensation <ul><li>1. Salary (for rank and file members of both chambers) is $174,000. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Non Salary : pension, health benefits, and social security benefits. </li></ul>
  15. 15. C: Compensation <ul><li>3. Operations: franking privilege, a budget for staff, offices, housing, and travel expenses. </li></ul>
  16. 16. C: Compensation <ul><li>3. Pay raises </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress votes to raise it's pay. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a pay raise is stalled until after next election, except CODA. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only limited by voter backlash and presidential veto. </li></ul></ul>

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