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  • 1. - From the Spanish barrueco, a large, irregularly-shaped pearl.- The term "Baroque" was initially used with a derogatory meaning, tounderline the excesses of its emphasis and its eccentric redundancyand noisy abundance of details
  • 2. Protestant Reformation Catholic Counter-ReformationThe demands of the Council of Trent on art•Clarity, simplicity, and intelligibility•Realistic interpretation (unveiled truth, accuracy, decorum)•Emotional stimulus to piety•Emphasis on the splendor and glory of the church
  • 3. Hallmarks of Baroque art•Exaggerated emotionalism.•Manipulation of light and dark for theatrical effect (Chiaroscuro)•A dynamic sense of movement that extends beyond the artwork.•A heightened sense of realism.• Iconography was direct, simple, obvious, and theatrical.
  • 4. • Often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church and the absolutist state.• Appealed to the emotions rather than seeking to please the intellect.• Churrigueresque* style: as a manner of stucco decoration, marked by extreme, expressive and florid decorative detailing, normally found above the entrance on the main facade of a building.• The Churrigueresque style appeals to the proliferative geometry, and has a more likely ancestry in the Moorish architecture or Mudéjar architecture (* Named after the architect and sculptor, José Benito de Churriguera)
  • 5. Carachteristics:• Use of Solomonic columns.• Use of Composite Order.• Use of the Estipite.
  • 6. • Use of Solomonic columns
  • 7. • Use of Solomonic columns
  • 8. • Use of Composite Order
  • 9. • Use of Composite Order
  • 10. • Use of Estipite(column in the shape of aninverted cone or obelisk)
  • 11. • Use of Estipite(column in the shape of aninverted cone or obelisk)
  • 12. • Dynamic movement and energy of human forms.• Spiraled around an empty central vortex, or reached outwards into the surrounding space.• For the first time, Baroque sculpture often had multiple ideal viewing angles. Fountains
  • 13. Spanish mysticism is characterized by•Austerity and Asceticism•Emotive content•Religious devotion (particularly images of martyrdom)
  • 14. Spanish mysticism is characterized by•Austerity and Asceticism•Emotive content•Religious devotion (particularly images ofmartyrdom)
  • 15. Spanish mysticism is characterized by•Austerity and Asceticism•Emotive content•Religious devotion (particularly images ofmartyrdom)
  • 16. Spanish mysticism is characterized by•Austerity and Asceticism•Emotive content•Religious devotion (particularly images ofmartyrdom)