Spanish Art 2.- the Gothic

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Spanish Art 2.- the Gothic

  1. 1. GOTHIC
  2. 2. The name ‘Gothic’• From the Renaissance• Begins in France in XIIth Century• Almost all Europe
  3. 3. XII CenturyAGRICULTURAL MORE Technical CITIES POPULATION improvements MORE POWER TO KINGS FEUDALISM DECADENCE
  4. 4. The CITY is the center of CULTURE BETTER NEW NEW CLIENTSECONOMICAL SOCIAL CLASS FOR CONDITIONS BOURGEOISIE ART MORE TIME FOR CULTURE
  5. 5. NATURALISM (Aristotle) FIRST UNIVERSITIES HUMANISM (S. Francesco of Asisi) CULTURALDEVELOPMENT CATHEDRALS INFLUENCE
  6. 6. NEW IDEAS• God is LIGHT.• Human body is not a miserable recipient for the soul.• From the Apocalypse to the Gospel and Virgin Mary.
  7. 7. New cathedrals• LIGHT• VERTICAL
  8. 8. New techinical solutions POINTED ARCH ARCH
  9. 9. EN EL INTERIOR RIB VAULT
  10. 10. RIB VAULT TRANSVERSE RIBS
  11. 11. RIB VAULT DIAGONAL RIBS
  12. 12. RIB VAULT DIAGONAL RIBS BOSS
  13. 13. BOVEDA DE TERCELETESSIXPARTITE VAULT
  14. 14. FAN VAULT
  15. 15. EACH RIB ENDS IN A PIER OR PILLASTER
  16. 16. THE MORE RIBS THE MORE PIERS NO CAPITALS IN THE COLUMNS
  17. 17. YOU DON’T NEED THICK WALLS ANYMORE
  18. 18. WALLS DON’T SUPPORT
  19. 19. THEY COULD BUILDTALLER AND TALLER BUILDINGS
  20. 20. INSTEAD OF WALLS THERE’S LIGHT
  21. 21. WINDOWS ARE BIGGER
  22. 22. GOD IS LIGHT
  23. 23. FLOOR PLAN AMBULATORY TRANSEPT
  24. 24. FLOOR PLAN AMBULATORY
  25. 25. OUTSIDE FLYING BUTTRESSTALLER NAVESNEEDNEW TECHNICALSOLUTIONS
  26. 26. BUTTRESSES MAIN NAVEBUTTRESS ARE NOT FIXED TO THE WALLS
  27. 27. FLYING BUTTRESSES
  28. 28. PINACLESHELPS SUPPORTING THE BUTTRESSES WITH THEIR WEIGHT AND GIVES A FEELING OF VERTICALITY
  29. 29. SPIRE VERTICALITY AGAIN
  30. 30. GARGOYLES
  31. 31. GARGOYLES
  32. 32. THE GOTHIC PORTAL
  33. 33. THE GOTHIC PORTAL
  34. 34. ROSE WINDOWGABLE

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