Spanish Art 2.- Romanesque

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Spanish Art 2.- Romanesque

  1. 1. THE ROMANESQUE
  2. 2.  Historical Context Architecture. The Mudéjar style. Sculpture and Painting. Juan A. L. Luque
  3. 3.  Europe XI – XIII Centuries FEUDALISM It’s called Romanesque because of the use of Ancient Roman’s technical solutions (arc, vaux,…) It’s basically a RELIGIOUS art.
  4. 4. HISTORY
  5. 5. SANT JAMES’ WAY
  6. 6. MONASTERY OF CLUNY
  7. 7. ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE  CARACHTERISTIQUES
  8. 8. ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE AUSTERITY very few ornaments SIMPLICITY simple forms SOLIDITY very thick walls
  9. 9. MADE TO LAST FOR EVER  STONE  STONE is heavy…  Thick walls
  10. 10. WALLS Thick WALLS Regular ASHLARS it looks SOLID SMALL windows
  11. 11. WALLS
  12. 12. ROUND ARCH
  13. 13. BARREL VAULT In the beggining wooden roofs
  14. 14. BARREL VAULT
  15. 15.  PILLARS between NAVES
  16. 16. BUTTRESSES
  17. 17. ROMANESQUE FLOOR PLAN
  18. 18. ROMANESQUE FLOOR PLAN
  19. 19. ROMANESQUE PORTAL Pedagogical Here is where the SCULPTURE is
  20. 20. ROMANESQUE PORTAL
  21. 21. EL MUDÉJAR  Mudajjan ‫مدجن‬meaning "domesticated", in a reference to , the Muslims who submitted to the rule of the Christian kings In erecting Romanesque buildings (Gothic and Renaissance too), builders used elements of Islamic art Use of BRICKS in a geometrical character Only in Spain
  22. 22. EL MUDÉJAR
  23. 23. EL MUDÉJAR
  24. 24. EL MUDÉJAR
  25. 25. ROMANESQUE SCULPTURE & PAINTING
  26. 26. PEDAGOGIC
  27. 27.  PEOPLE WERE ILITERATE Church used them to spread the Gospel
  28. 28. Polichrom carvings
  29. 29. Technicaly very simples. Message was the important matter, not perspective or realism
  30. 30. FRESCOE
  31. 31. Thick lines No depthNo paint volume

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