• Was born in Málaga, Andalucía, Spain.• His father was a painter and art professor. Picasso received formal artistic training from his father in figure drawing and oil painting.• 1891. His father saw him painting over his unfinished sketch of a pigeon. Picasso’s father felt that his 13 year old son had surpassed him.• 1895 they moved to Barcelona, where his father took a position at its School of Fine Arts. He persuaded the officials at the academy to allow his son to take an entrance exam for the advanced class.This process often took students a month, but Picasso completed it in a day, and the impressed jury admitted him; he was 13.
First known painting of Picasso: He was 8 years old
Plaster male torso 1893
“Academical study” 1895
“The old fisherman” 1895
“The Quarries” 1895
“The first Communion” 1895
“Portrait of aunt Pepa”
• Picasso’s father decided to send him to Madrid’s Royal Academy of San Fernando, the countrys prime art school, he was 16.
”Head of a man in el Greco style”
• Picasso made his first trip to Paris, the art capital of Europe at that time.• These were times of severe poverty, cold, and desperation. Much of his work was burned to keep his small room warm!
Blue Period 1901 - 1904•Monochromatic paintings in shades of blue andblue-green, only occasionally warmed by othercolors.•Influenced by a journey through Spain and by thesuicide of his friend Carlos Casagemas, in 1901.
The old guitarist
The blindman’s meal
Rose Period 1904 - 1906•Picassos painting used cheerful orange andpink colors in contrast to the cool, sombertones of the previous Blue Period.•Picasso was happy in his relationship withFernandine Olivier and she was one of thereasons for him to change his style ofpainting.•The Rose Period has been considered Frenchinfluenced, while the Blue Period moreSpanish influenced.•Picasso often painted clowns, harlequinsand circus performers.
Garçon a la Pipe, 1904 On May 5, 2004 the painting was sold for US$ 104,168,000at Sothebys auction in New York City, breaking the record for the amount paid for an auctioned painting.
Black Period 1907–1909•African influenced period.•African artifacts were being brought back to Paris museums in consequence of theexpansion of the French empire into Africa.•In 1907, Picasso experienced a "revelation" while viewing African art at theethnographic museum in Paris.
CUBISM•Objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form—instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subjectfrom a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context.•In 1907 Picasso painted “The Ladies of Avignon” considered the origins ofCubism
5 nude female prostitutes froma brothel in Barcelona.Influence of African art Abandonment of perspective in favor of a flat, two-dimensional picture planeFirst time in European art History
First use of collage in fine art
Classicism & Surrealism•In the period following the disorder of World War I, Picasso produced work ina neoclassical style.
The Guernica• Created in response to the bombing of Guernica by German and Italian warplanes duringthe Spanish Civil War.• The Spanish Republican government commissioned Picasso to create a large mural forthe Spanish display at the Paris International Exposition at the 1937 Worlds Fair in Paris.• Shows the tragedies of war and the suffering it inflicts upon individuals, particularlyinnocent civilians.• It’s now an anti-war symbol.
The Guernica• Grey, black and white, 3.5 metres (11 ft) talland 7.8 metres (25.6 ft) wide.•The overall scene is within a room where, at anopen end on the left, a wide-eyed bull standsover a woman grieving over a dead child in herarms.
The Guernica•The centre is occupied by a horse falling inagony as it had just been run through by a spearor javelin. The large gaping wound in the horsesside is a major focus of the painting.
The GuernicaUnder the horse is a dead,apparently dismembered soldier;his hand on a severed arm stillgrasps a shattered sword fromwhich a flower grows.
The Guernica•On the open palm of the dead soldier is astigma, a symbol of martyrdom derived fromthe stigmata of Christ.
The Guernica• A light bulb blazes in theshape of an evil eye over thesuffering horses head (thebare bulb of the torturers cell)
The Guernica•To the upper right of the horse, afrightened female figure, whoseems to be witnessing the scenesbefore her, appears to have floatedinto the room through a window.Her arm, also floating in, carries aflame-lit lamp. The lamp ispositioned very close to the bulb,and is a symbol of hope, clashingwith the lightbulb.
The Guernica•Daggers that suggest screamingreplace the tongues of the bull,grieving woman, and horse.
The Guernica•On the far right, a figure with armsraised in terror is entrapped by firefrom above and below.
Guernica tapestry UN, New YorkOn 5 February 2003 a large blue curtain was placed to cover this work at the UN, so that it would not be visible in the background whenColin Powell and John Negroponte gave press conferences at the United Nations. Bush Administration pressured UN officials to cover the tapestry