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LIFE IN THE MIDDLE AGES
FEUDALISM
What is it?
• Social & Economical structure typical from the
Middle Ages
• Reciprocal legal and military obligations among...
MIDDLE AGES
LACK OF SAFETY
RURAL WORLD
SELF SUFFIENCY

RISE OF NOBILITY

FEUDALISM
due to

due to

ROMAN EMPIRE
CRISIS

causes

ECONOMIC
CRISIS

POLITICAL
INSTABILITY
due to

due to
NEED FOR
MONEY

CORRUPT...
• A land based economy

LAND = $$$$$$

• Land granted by a lord in exchange for services

Fief (latin feudum)
• The recipi...


The Commendation Ceremony
VASSAL

LORD

FIEF
PEASANT
PEASANTS
• Are not a private property
• But they’re not actualy free:
they were serfs (servants)
• They must give a portio...
A PORTION OF THE HARVEST
Every vassal has to pay the
Lord
Works for the Lord
The Lord must defend his vassals
• Lord:
- military protection
- legal defense
- land

• Vassal:
- military help
- advice
- part of the profits
FEUDAL PYRAMID
FEUDAL PYRAMID
Medieval Chivalry

The word evolved from terms such as chevalier (French), caballero (Spanish),
and cavaliere (Italian)
a ...
Medieval Chivalry
- Medieval conventions of chivalry directed that men should
honor, serve, and do nothing to displease la...
Heraldry
Heraldry
Heraldry
Heraldry
Heraldry
Heraldry
Heraldry
Heraldry
Heraldry

ISSA
Heraldry today
TIME & SPACE
• Life depended on the daylight hours.
• Work begun and ended with the sun.
• Church bells divided time every...
TIME & SPACE
• Distance was measured by walking
• 90% of the population were peasants and never left
their villages or tow...
HOUSES
• A cottage with mud walls (or wattle and daub ), clay floor,
and thatched roof, often shared with animals = warmer
one or two rooms, with a loft for storage.
• Few (if any) small windows.
• Waxed clothes or parchment were used to close the windows.
• (Glass was a luxury material)
• Horn panes were a good substitute of glass
• Wealthy people had tapestries to mitigate cold
The bed
• Sometimes the whole family slept
together in the same bed
• Mattress was just a piece of cloth
with straws and d...
Furnishings
• Peasants had a bed, a table, a couple of wooden
benches and a trunk.
• Wooden bowls were used for eating and...
Furnishings
• In most homes people sat on plain stools or benches.

• Only a lord was likely to have a chair with a back a...
Medieval food
• Peasant cottages had no chimneys, cooking was
done on a simple stone hearth in the center of the
room.
• A...
 in the center of which was a few flat stones on
which the fire was placed.

 A hole at the top of the thatched roof let t...
Medieval food
• In stone houses a fireplace was common and the iron
pots or cauldrons hanging from hooks were the main
coo...
Medieval food
• In manor houses and castles big kitchens were often
housed in separate buildings since they posed a
seriou...
Medieval food


Dinner was the main meal



Basic food were vegetables, cereals, legumes, beer,
wine, soup, oil and brea...
Medieval food
• What do you think the staple foods were?
• How did they preserve food?
• Why spices and honey were so impo...
Medieval food
• Food was preserved in salt
• Spicies were commonly used
to disguise meat in bad
condition.

Spicies were v...
The search for spices caused some important changes in
European History…
Portugal & Spain
Vasco da Gama
Columbus
Magellan
Medieval new products

Pasta
Fork
Bakeries
Muslims brought them…
They were unknown…
Bathing during the Middle Ages
ristians
Ch
As a rule, only the very wealthy could
afford taking baths.
Most of the people ...
Medieval Clothing
Medieval clothing varied according
to the social standing of the people.
The clothing worn by nobility a...
Medieval Clothing

Clothes, like tools, were mostly
homemade from local materials.
Medieval Clothing
Medieval peasant women spent much of their
time spinning wool or turning it into felt, which
they used f...
Medieval Clothing
The clothing of nobility was fitted
with a distinct emphasis on the
sleeves of the garments.

Knights ad...
Medieval Education
Medieval education was conducted by the Church.
Students often sat together on the floor, scrawling not...
Medieval Education
Girls were virtually ignored when it came to education. Only
daughters of the very rich and powerful we...
Cannon,

clocks,

Music sheets,

Gun powder,

golf,

pen,

compass,

paper,

0,

astrolabio,

chess,

rudder,
...
WOMEN DURING THE MIDDLE AGES

• Problem: not too many writings
about women
• Monks and religious men were
the only people ...
WOMEN DURING THE MIDDLE AGES
• According to the Church a woman was either:
• 1) Eve created from Adam’s rib and guilty of
...
Life in the Middle Ages
Life in the Middle Ages
Life in the Middle Ages
Life in the Middle Ages
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Transcript of "Life in the Middle Ages "

  1. 1. LIFE IN THE MIDDLE AGES
  2. 2. FEUDALISM
  3. 3. What is it? • Social & Economical structure typical from the Middle Ages • Reciprocal legal and military obligations among the warrior nobility with three key concepts: Lords, vassals and fiefs. When? X – XIIIth Centuries
  4. 4. MIDDLE AGES LACK OF SAFETY RURAL WORLD SELF SUFFIENCY RISE OF NOBILITY FEUDALISM
  5. 5. due to due to ROMAN EMPIRE CRISIS causes ECONOMIC CRISIS POLITICAL INSTABILITY due to due to NEED FOR MONEY CORRUPTION causes BARBARIAN TRIBES RURAL WORLD TRADE CRISIS MORE TAXES DECLINE of CITIES SELFSUFFICIENCY causes INFLATION and PRICE INCREASE causes
  6. 6. • A land based economy LAND = $$$$$$ • Land granted by a lord in exchange for services Fief (latin feudum) • The recipient of the fief would be one of his VASSALS
  7. 7.  The Commendation Ceremony
  8. 8. VASSAL LORD FIEF
  9. 9. PEASANT
  10. 10. PEASANTS • Are not a private property • But they’re not actualy free: they were serfs (servants) • They must give a portion of the harvest and work certain days in the Lord’s own land
  11. 11. A PORTION OF THE HARVEST
  12. 12. Every vassal has to pay the Lord
  13. 13. Works for the Lord
  14. 14. The Lord must defend his vassals
  15. 15. • Lord: - military protection - legal defense - land • Vassal: - military help - advice - part of the profits
  16. 16. FEUDAL PYRAMID
  17. 17. FEUDAL PYRAMID
  18. 18. Medieval Chivalry The word evolved from terms such as chevalier (French), caballero (Spanish), and cavaliere (Italian) a warrior who fought on horseback
  19. 19. Medieval Chivalry - Medieval conventions of chivalry directed that men should honor, serve, and do nothing to displease ladies and maidens. - Few people in medieval society could read or write, and a family's coat of arms often stood for an official stamp or signature. Luque
  20. 20. Heraldry
  21. 21. Heraldry
  22. 22. Heraldry
  23. 23. Heraldry
  24. 24. Heraldry
  25. 25. Heraldry
  26. 26. Heraldry
  27. 27. Heraldry
  28. 28. Heraldry ISSA
  29. 29. Heraldry today
  30. 30. TIME & SPACE • Life depended on the daylight hours. • Work begun and ended with the sun. • Church bells divided time every 3 hours (clocks were invented in the XIV th Century) • Nowadays Calendar didn’t exist
  31. 31. TIME & SPACE • Distance was measured by walking • 90% of the population were peasants and never left their villages or towns • As a consequence they knew their enviroment really well • Man was part of the Creation
  32. 32. HOUSES • A cottage with mud walls (or wattle and daub ), clay floor, and thatched roof, often shared with animals = warmer
  33. 33. one or two rooms, with a loft for storage.
  34. 34. • Few (if any) small windows. • Waxed clothes or parchment were used to close the windows. • (Glass was a luxury material)
  35. 35. • Horn panes were a good substitute of glass
  36. 36. • Wealthy people had tapestries to mitigate cold
  37. 37. The bed • Sometimes the whole family slept together in the same bed • Mattress was just a piece of cloth with straws and dried leaves inside. They were easily rotten and full of insects. • Lavender, Tansy and other herbs made the bed smell sweeter and kept the bugs away…
  38. 38. Furnishings • Peasants had a bed, a table, a couple of wooden benches and a trunk. • Wooden bowls were used for eating and drinking.
  39. 39. Furnishings • In most homes people sat on plain stools or benches. • Only a lord was likely to have a chair with a back and armrests, and he was thus called the……..
  40. 40. Medieval food • Peasant cottages had no chimneys, cooking was done on a simple stone hearth in the center of the room. • A hole in the roof instead of a chimney made the room not only dark but smokey but smoke is a good deodorant!
  41. 41.  in the center of which was a few flat stones on which the fire was placed.  A hole at the top of the thatched roof let the smoke escape smoke is a good deodorant!
  42. 42. Medieval food • In stone houses a fireplace was common and the iron pots or cauldrons hanging from hooks were the main cooking utensil.
  43. 43. Medieval food • In manor houses and castles big kitchens were often housed in separate buildings since they posed a serious fire hazard.
  44. 44. Medieval food  Dinner was the main meal  Basic food were vegetables, cereals, legumes, beer, wine, soup, oil and bread What about water?  Sometimes there was pig meat, rabbit, eggs, milk or fish available
  45. 45. Medieval food • What do you think the staple foods were? • How did they preserve food? • Why spices and honey were so important?
  46. 46. Medieval food • Food was preserved in salt • Spicies were commonly used to disguise meat in bad condition. Spicies were very, very expensive
  47. 47. The search for spices caused some important changes in European History…
  48. 48. Portugal & Spain Vasco da Gama Columbus Magellan
  49. 49. Medieval new products Pasta Fork Bakeries
  50. 50. Muslims brought them…
  51. 51. They were unknown…
  52. 52. Bathing during the Middle Ages ristians Ch As a rule, only the very wealthy could afford taking baths. Most of the people cleaned themselves maybe a couple of times a month. Muslims were obligated by their religion to wash themselves (face, hands & feet) 5 times a day. Public baths were very popular in Muslim towns. Muslim s
  53. 53. Medieval Clothing Medieval clothing varied according to the social standing of the people. The clothing worn by nobility and upper classes was clearly different than that of the lower class. The clothing of peasants during the Middle Ages was very simple.
  54. 54. Medieval Clothing Clothes, like tools, were mostly homemade from local materials.
  55. 55. Medieval Clothing Medieval peasant women spent much of their time spinning wool or turning it into felt, which they used for hats. Many would have worn hats made of local straw to protect their heads on hot days while working the land.
  56. 56. Medieval Clothing The clothing of nobility was fitted with a distinct emphasis on the sleeves of the garments. Knights adorned themselves with sleeveless "surcoats" covered with a coat of arms.
  57. 57. Medieval Education Medieval education was conducted by the Church. Students often sat together on the floor, scrawling notes from lessons using a bone or ivory stylus on wooden tablets coated with green or black wax. Physical punishment was not only allowed but normal in the class
  58. 58. Medieval Education Girls were virtually ignored when it came to education. Only daughters of the very rich and powerful were allowed to attend select courses. At 14 or 15, some scholars would continue education at a university (a creation of the Middle Ages).
  59. 59. Cannon, clocks, Music sheets, Gun powder, golf, pen, compass, paper, 0, astrolabio, chess, rudder,  calendar, rueca, Oil painting, Wind mill, Paper money, Magnifying glass, glasses, print, horseshoe screw
  60. 60. WOMEN DURING THE MIDDLE AGES • Problem: not too many writings about women • Monks and religious men were the only people who knew how to write
  61. 61. WOMEN DURING THE MIDDLE AGES • According to the Church a woman was either: • 1) Eve created from Adam’s rib and guilty of the original sin • 2) Mary virgin , self-sacrifice, self-denial, mother and wife
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