Unlocking the Power
The Story of Community Health Centers
You Are a Part of the Story!
A Great Need for Affordable and
Accessible Medical Care
The War on Poverty
In the 1960s, as President Johnson's
"War on Poverty" began to ripple through
America, the first proposal for the U.S.
ver...
Funding was approved in 1965 for the
first two neighborhood health center
demonstration projects, one in Boston,
Massachus...
Two Men Led the Effort
H. Jack GeigerCount D. Gibson
They Saw the Community Need &
The Community Solution
They Believed in
Health Care as a Human Right
Geiger’s & Gibson’s
Health Centers Quickly Replicated
Codman Square Health Center is
part of a large network of
Community ...
Dr. King’s Dream
“Of all the forms of
inequality, injustice in
health care is the most
shocking and
inhumane.”
Congress also helped stake out this new direction in
health care by passing several pieces of legislation:
 Social Securi...
The health center model that
emerged targeted the roots of
poverty by combining the
resources of local communities
with fe...
It was a formula that:
 Empowered communities.
 Generated compelling proof that affordable and
accessible health care pr...
The passage of Medicare and
Medicaid in 1965 also provided much
needed benefits to the elderly,
disabled, and families liv...
In 1975, Congress permanently
authorized neighborhood health
centers as "community and migrant
health centers," and in lat...
The Health Centers Consolidation Act
of 1996 combined these authorities
under Section 330 of the Public
Health Service Act...
The Health Resources and Services
Administration (HRSA), Bureau of
Primary Health Care (BPHC) currently
administers the pr...
Health centers:
 Now constitute an integral part of the
nation’s health delivery system.
 Is the only health care system...
The patient-majority governing
board is among the five core
statutory requirements that every
health center must meet in o...
Patient Leadership
Shouldn’t Patients Have a Say?
The other requirements are:
 Location in a federally designated medically
underserved area.
 Have nonprofit, public, or ...
Today, almost forty years after they
started:
 America's health centers are helping
communities meet escalating health ne...
What are Health Centers?
Community health centers are local,
non-profit, community-owned
health care providers serving low
income and medically und...
The national network of health
centers have provided high-quality,
affordable primary care and
preventive services, and of...
Known as Federally-Qualified Health
Centers (FQHCs), they are located in
areas where care is needed but
scarce, and improv...
Federally-Qualified Health Centers
(FQHCs):
 Their costs of care rank among the lowest.
 Reduce the need for more expens...
Who Do Health Centers Serve?
Health centers serve:
 As the medical home and family physician to 15 million
people nationally.
 Patients are among the...
How Do Health Centers
Overcome Barriers To Care?
They:
 Located in high-need areas.
 Open to all residents.
 Tailor their services to fit the special
needs and prioriti...
For many patients, the health center
may be the only source of health
care services available. In fact, the
number of unin...
How Do Health Centers Make A
Difference?
Key to health centers’
accomplishments is patient
involvement in service delivery.
Governing boards – the majority of whic...
Health centers improve the quality of life for
millions of patients in the following ways:
 Improve Access to Primary and...
Why Is Investing In Health
Centers Important?
Investing in health centers produces:
 Improved health outcomes and quality of life.
 Reductions in health disparities f...
Will You Invest in Your
Community Health Center?
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The Story of Community Health Centers

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A brief history of Community Health Centers. Adapted from presentations by the Midwest Clinician's Network and MPCA Community HealthCorps program.

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The Story of Community Health Centers

  1. 1. Unlocking the Power The Story of Community Health Centers
  2. 2. You Are a Part of the Story!
  3. 3. A Great Need for Affordable and Accessible Medical Care
  4. 4. The War on Poverty
  5. 5. In the 1960s, as President Johnson's "War on Poverty" began to ripple through America, the first proposal for the U.S. version of a community health center sprung to life at the Office of Economic Opportunity.
  6. 6. Funding was approved in 1965 for the first two neighborhood health center demonstration projects, one in Boston, Massachusetts, and the other in Mound Bayou, Mississippi.
  7. 7. Two Men Led the Effort H. Jack GeigerCount D. Gibson
  8. 8. They Saw the Community Need & The Community Solution
  9. 9. They Believed in Health Care as a Human Right
  10. 10. Geiger’s & Gibson’s Health Centers Quickly Replicated Codman Square Health Center is part of a large network of Community Health Centers in the Boston area descended from that first center in the Columbia Point Housing Project. Chicago w Denver w Watts (L.A.)
  11. 11. Dr. King’s Dream “Of all the forms of inequality, injustice in health care is the most shocking and inhumane.”
  12. 12. Congress also helped stake out this new direction in health care by passing several pieces of legislation:  Social Security Act was amended with the passage of the Kerr-Mills measure (1960),  provided states with grant money for the medically indigent.  Two years later, Migrant Health Act was signed into law,  created rural clinics where migrant workers could find health care as they moved from place to place,  Passage of the landmark Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 that marked the birth of America’s Community Health Centers.
  13. 13. The health center model that emerged targeted the roots of poverty by combining the resources of local communities with federal funds to establish neighborhood clinics in both rural and urban areas around America.
  14. 14. It was a formula that:  Empowered communities.  Generated compelling proof that affordable and accessible health care produced compounding benefits.  Reduced health disparities.  Lowered infant mortality rates.  Reduced chronic disease.  Created jobs.  Produced cost-savings for the health care system by reducing the need for acute care at hospital emergency rooms.
  15. 15. The passage of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965 also provided much needed benefits to the elderly, disabled, and families living in poverty.
  16. 16. In 1975, Congress permanently authorized neighborhood health centers as "community and migrant health centers," and in later years added primary health care programs for residents of public housing and the homeless to the portfolio of programs.
  17. 17. The Health Centers Consolidation Act of 1996 combined these authorities under Section 330 of the Public Health Service Act (PHSA) to create the consolidated health centers program and what is now known as Community, Migrant, Public Housing and Homeless Health Centers.
  18. 18. The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), Bureau of Primary Health Care (BPHC) currently administers the program, within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
  19. 19. Health centers:  Now constitute an integral part of the nation’s health delivery system.  Is the only health care system controlled in partnership with patients.  Governed by a community board with a patient majority-- a patient democracy.  Patients do not just pay for their health care, they also "have a say" in how their health care is delivered.
  20. 20. The patient-majority governing board is among the five core statutory requirements that every health center must meet in order to receive federal funding.
  21. 21. Patient Leadership Shouldn’t Patients Have a Say?
  22. 22. The other requirements are:  Location in a federally designated medically underserved area.  Have nonprofit, public, or tax exempt status.  Provide comprehensive primary health care services, referrals and other services needed to facilitate access to care, such as case management, translation, and transportation.  Provide services to all in their service area, regardless of ability to pay, and offer a sliding fee schedule that adjusts charges for care according to family income.
  23. 23. Today, almost forty years after they started:  America's health centers are helping communities meet escalating health needs and address costly and devastating health problems.  Health centers and their innovative programs in primary care and prevention span urban and rural communities across the nation.  serve as the family doctor and health care home for more than 15 million people.
  24. 24. What are Health Centers?
  25. 25. Community health centers are local, non-profit, community-owned health care providers serving low income and medically underserved communities.
  26. 26. The national network of health centers have provided high-quality, affordable primary care and preventive services, and often provide on-site dental, pharmaceutical, and mental health and substance abuse services.
  27. 27. Known as Federally-Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), they are located in areas where care is needed but scarce, and improve access to care for millions of Americans regardless of their insurance status or ability to pay.
  28. 28. Federally-Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs):  Their costs of care rank among the lowest.  Reduce the need for more expensive in- patient and specialty care.  Save billions of dollars for taxpayers.  Over 1,000 community, migrant, and homeless health centers serve 3,600 urban and rural communities in every state and territory.
  29. 29. Who Do Health Centers Serve?
  30. 30. Health centers serve:  As the medical home and family physician to 15 million people nationally.  Patients are among the nation’s most vulnerable populations.  Half of health center patients reside in rural areas.  One in five low income children.  Nearly 70% of health center patients have family incomes at or below poverty.  Nearly 40% of health center patients are uninsured and another 36% depend on Medicaid.  Two-thirds of health center patients are members of racial and ethnic minorities.
  31. 31. How Do Health Centers Overcome Barriers To Care?
  32. 32. They:  Located in high-need areas.  Open to all residents.  Tailor their services to fit the special needs and priorities of their communities.  Offer services that help their patients access health care.
  33. 33. For many patients, the health center may be the only source of health care services available. In fact, the number of uninsured patients at health centers is rapidly growing – from around 3.9 million in 1998 to over 5.9 million today.
  34. 34. How Do Health Centers Make A Difference?
  35. 35. Key to health centers’ accomplishments is patient involvement in service delivery. Governing boards – the majority of which must be patients according to grant requirements – manage health center operations. Board members serve as community representatives and make decisions on services provided. Active patient management of health centers assures responsiveness to local needs.
  36. 36. Health centers improve the quality of life for millions of patients in the following ways:  Improve Access to Primary and Preventive Care  Effective Management of Chronic Illness  Reduction of Health Disparities  Cost-Effective Care  High Quality of Care  Fewer Infant Deaths  Create Jobs and Stimulate Economic Growth
  37. 37. Why Is Investing In Health Centers Important?
  38. 38. Investing in health centers produces:  Improved health outcomes and quality of life.  Reductions in health disparities for millions of Americans  Leads to reductions in national health care spending.  On average receive only 26% of their total revenue from federal grants.  Largest single source of revenue is Medicaid:  Representing 36% of total revenue and 64% of all patient-related revenue.  Cited as one of the 10 most successful federal programs  Expanded investment in health centers will guarantee improved health outcomes for millions more Americans and further cost savings.
  39. 39. Will You Invest in Your Community Health Center?

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