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WH Unit 1 Ch 4-1

WH Unit 1 Ch 4-1

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  • 1. Chapter 4 World History Ancient Greece
  • 2. Impact of Geography  Greece consists of a mountainous peninsula and numerous islands.  The many mountain ranges caused small, independent communities  Their size and independence probably encouraged political participation within, and war among the different communities.
  • 3. The Mionan Civilization A Bronze Age civilization called the Minoan civilization was established on Crete.  It was named after Minos, by the British archaeologist Arthur Evans, who discovered the ruins on Crete.
  • 4. The First Greek State: Mycenae  It was made up of an alliance of powerful monarchies, each living in a fortified center within large stone walls.  The rest of the population lived outside these walls.  One interesting architectural feature is the large beehive-shaped tholos tombs, where the royal family was buried.
  • 5. The First Greek State: Mycenae  The Mycenaeans had a warrior culture.  Their murals show the typical occupations of a warrior aristocracyfighting and hunting.  Their pottery has been found throughout the Mediterranean.
  • 6. The First Greek State: Mycenae  The most famous of their supposed military adventures comes to us in the poetry of Homer.  According to Homer, Mycenaeans sacked the city of Troy,
  • 7. The Greeks in the Dark Age  The period from 1100 to 750 BC in Greece is called the Dark Ages because few records of that period exist.  Iron replaced Bronze during the Dark Age, improving weaponry and farming.
  • 8. The Greeks in the Dark Age  The works of Homer appeared near the end of the Dark Age.  Homer’s epic poems were the Illiad and the Odyssey. An epic poem is a long poem that tells of a great hero’s deeds.
  • 9. The Greeks in the Dark Age  The Illiad takes place during the Trojan War.  Paris, a Trojan prince, kidnaps Helen, the wife of the king of Sparta.  The  The Greeks laid siege to Troy for 10 years Illiad, is about the destruction caused by the anger of the Greek hero Achilles.  The Odyssey tells of the Greek hero Odysseus’s ten-year return to his home
  • 10. The Greeks in the Dark Age  Both of Homer’s poems gave the Greeks an ideal past and a set of values.  The values in them were used to educate Greek males for generations.  Fathers had their sons memorize all of Homer to learn how to act well and be good men.
  • 11. The Greeks in the Dark Age  The basic Homeric values were courage and honor.  Through fighting and protecting family and friends, the man preserves his and his family’s honor.  He also wins an honorable reputation, the sign of arete.