Chapter 4
World History
Ancient Greece
Impact of Geography
 Greece

consists of a mountainous
peninsula and numerous islands.

 The

many mountain ranges cause...
The Mionan Civilization
A

Bronze Age civilization called the
Minoan civilization was established on
Crete.

 It

was na...
The First Greek State:
Mycenae
 It

was made up of an alliance of powerful
monarchies, each living in a fortified center
...
The First Greek State:
Mycenae
 The

Mycenaeans had a warrior culture.

 Their

murals show the typical
occupations of a...
The First Greek State:
Mycenae
 The

most famous of their supposed
military adventures comes to us in the
poetry of Homer...
The Greeks in the Dark Age
 The

period from 1100 to 750 BC in
Greece is called the Dark Ages
because few records of that...
The Greeks in the Dark Age
 The

works of Homer appeared near
the end of the Dark Age.

 Homer’s

epic poems were the Il...
The Greeks in the Dark Age
 The

Illiad takes place during the Trojan War.
 Paris, a Trojan prince, kidnaps Helen, the
w...
The Greeks in the Dark Age
 Both

of Homer’s poems gave the
Greeks an ideal past and a set of
values.
 The values in the...
The Greeks in the Dark Age
 The

basic Homeric values were courage and
honor.

 Through

fighting and protecting family ...
WH CH 4-1
WH CH 4-1
WH CH 4-1
WH CH 4-1
WH CH 4-1
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WH CH 4-1

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WH CH 4-1

  1. 1. Chapter 4 World History Ancient Greece
  2. 2. Impact of Geography  Greece consists of a mountainous peninsula and numerous islands.  The many mountain ranges caused small, independent communities  Their size and independence probably encouraged political participation within, and war among the different communities.
  3. 3. The Mionan Civilization A Bronze Age civilization called the Minoan civilization was established on Crete.  It was named after Minos, by the British archaeologist Arthur Evans, who discovered the ruins on Crete.
  4. 4. The First Greek State: Mycenae  It was made up of an alliance of powerful monarchies, each living in a fortified center within large stone walls.  The rest of the population lived outside these walls.  One interesting architectural feature is the large beehive-shaped tholos tombs, where the royal family was buried.
  5. 5. The First Greek State: Mycenae  The Mycenaeans had a warrior culture.  Their murals show the typical occupations of a warrior aristocracyfighting and hunting.  Their pottery has been found throughout the Mediterranean.
  6. 6. The First Greek State: Mycenae  The most famous of their supposed military adventures comes to us in the poetry of Homer.  According to Homer, Mycenaeans sacked the city of Troy,
  7. 7. The Greeks in the Dark Age  The period from 1100 to 750 BC in Greece is called the Dark Ages because few records of that period exist.  Iron replaced Bronze during the Dark Age, improving weaponry and farming.
  8. 8. The Greeks in the Dark Age  The works of Homer appeared near the end of the Dark Age.  Homer’s epic poems were the Illiad and the Odyssey. An epic poem is a long poem that tells of a great hero’s deeds.
  9. 9. The Greeks in the Dark Age  The Illiad takes place during the Trojan War.  Paris, a Trojan prince, kidnaps Helen, the wife of the king of Sparta.  The  The Greeks laid siege to Troy for 10 years Illiad, is about the destruction caused by the anger of the Greek hero Achilles.  The Odyssey tells of the Greek hero Odysseus’s ten-year return to his home
  10. 10. The Greeks in the Dark Age  Both of Homer’s poems gave the Greeks an ideal past and a set of values.  The values in them were used to educate Greek males for generations.  Fathers had their sons memorize all of Homer to learn how to act well and be good men.
  11. 11. The Greeks in the Dark Age  The basic Homeric values were courage and honor.  Through fighting and protecting family and friends, the man preserves his and his family’s honor.  He also wins an honorable reputation, the sign of arete.

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