WH Ch 3 Hinduism Buddhism

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WH Unit 1 Ch 3 Hinduism/Buddhism

WH Unit 1 Ch 3 Hinduism/Buddhism

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  • 1. Hinduism and Buddhism
  • 2. Major Indian religious system that started with the Aryans Reincarnation The belief that the soul is reborn after death HINDUISM
  • 3. Karma: the force generated by a person’s actions determines how the person will be reborn in the next life Karma
  • 4. Dharma: divine law All people must do their duty --this depends on their status in society Dharma
  • 5. Brahma—the creator Vishnu—the preserver Siva—the destroyer Hinduism— majority of Indians are Hindu 3 main Hinduism deities Brahma, Vishnu, Siva
  • 6. Founded by Siddhartha Gautama Buddha means “enlightened one” Buddhism
  • 7. Nirvana: Ultimate Reality The end of the self and a reunion with the Great World Soul Nirvana
  • 8. 1. 2. This suffering is caused by our desire to satisfy ourselves 3. The way to end suffering is to end desire for selfish things 4. 4 noble truths Ordinary life is full of suffering Follow the middle path
  • 9. Eightfold Path Page 79 in text
  • 10. Believe in Reincarnation  Do not believe in a caste system  A simple religion without many gods  Some look at it as a philosophy rather than a religion  Facts of Buddhism