WH Ch 2-1
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WH Ch 2-1

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WH Unit 1 Ch 2-1

WH Unit 1 Ch 2-1

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WH Ch 2-1 WH Ch 2-1 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 2 Section 1 Mesopotamia
  • Fertile Crescent • Land area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. • Called MESOPOTAMIA or land between rivers • Located in current day Iraq
  • Government • Formed city-states….cities that had their own government • First people were Sumerians • Had walls built of mud, used arches and domes • Center of city was a religious temple called a ziggurat • Gods were thought to have ruled the cities making them a theocracy or a govt. by divine authority • Later kings took power
  • Empires • Large political state under the rule of one ruler • First was started by Sargon • Babylonian Empire was led by King Hammurabi • Started the Code of Hammurabi • 282 laws dealing with all aspects of life • Was uniform throughout the Babylonian Empire
  • Customs and Traditions • Patriarchal society • Society dominated by men • Women had less rights • Polytheism • Belief in many gods • Cuneiform • Early system of writing • Scribes were the first record keepers
  • Sumerian Inventions • Wagon Wheel • Potters wheel • Sundial • Arch • Math and Astronomy