Ch 17

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Ch 17

  1. 1. Spanish-American War U.S. becomes a Superpower
  2. 2. Isolationism vs. Expansionism • Isolationism > national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs. • No alliances. • No conflicts. • Spur economy. • Expansionism > actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over a smaller or weaker nation. • Why become imperialistic?
  3. 3. Reasons for Expansion • • • • • • Superiority > Anglo-Saxonism European competition Strategic military bases New markets for expanded trade Natural resources Protect investments
  4. 4. What country is this?
  5. 5. Cuba
  6. 6. Why is Cuba important? • Proximity to the U.S. >> 100 miles • Owned by Spain • One-third of the world’s sugar • $100 million of U.S. trade per year • Cubans want freedom
  7. 7. Cuban Revolution • Jose Marti-Cuban writer and revolutionary • U.S. was officially neutral • U.S. citizens support Cubans Why?
  8. 8. Spain’s Reaction • Spain sends 200,000 troops to the island • General Valeriano Weyler (“The Butcher”) • Cubans destroyed American properties. Why? • Spain sets up concentration camps
  9. 9. New President, New Policy? • William McKinley is elected in 1896 • Productive diplomacy with Spain • Cuban rebels still called for independence • McKinley sends ships
  10. 10. February 15, 1898-sinking of the Maine
  11. 11. What is yellow journalism? • Writers exaggerated or made up the news stories to attract readers. Why? • Newspapers in 1898 • Who used yellow journalism in 1898? • 2 tycoon journalists
  12. 12. William Randolph Hearst
  13. 13. Joseph Pulitzer
  14. 14. War Begins • Commodore George Dewey attacks the Philippines (a Spanish possession) • Battle over by noon • 1 U.S. death
  15. 15. War in Cuba • • • • • U.S. Army is poorly trained Community based fighting units Swamps >> malaria and yellow fever Buffalo Soldiers >> Who led them? Stephen Crane >> wrote battle stories
  16. 16. Who were the Rough Riders?
  17. 17. Rough Riders • Voluntary unit of the First Cavalry • Leonard Wood and Theodore Roosevelt • Diverse backgrounds • Battle of San Juan Hill
  18. 18. Treaty of Paris • Cuba given independence (with U.S. protection) • U.S. gains the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam (formerly Spanish possessions) • U.S. gives Spain $20 million
  19. 19. The Big Picture • • • • • 4 month war 385 U.S. deaths from battle 2,061 U.S. deaths from disease Healed sectional wounds Made U.S. a naval power >> Need for a canal to connect oceans

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