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Ch 10


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Chapter 10--pre Civil War

Chapter 10--pre Civil War

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  • 1. Chapter 10 Section 1
  • 2. Slavery and Western Expansion  Wilmot Proviso  Any territory the US gained from Mexico would be slave free  Passed in House but never got to the Senate  Opposed by the Southern States  Popular Sovereignty  Each new territory would decide for themselves if they were slave or free  Secession  Taking states out of the Union  South began talking about it if California would enter as a free state  This would make the balance of power in the Senate unequal
  • 3. Compromise of 1850  Was to ease tensions between the North and South over slavery California enters as Free State  Popular Sovereignty determines slavery in Utah and New Mexico territories  Texas and New Mexico boarder was resolved, New Mexico gets more land and Texas gets 10 million dollars  Slave Trade abolished in D.C., but not slave trade in US  Federal Enforcement of Fugitive Slave Act 
  • 4. Section 2  Effects of Fugitive Slave Act  Law unfairly sent free African Americans to the South  Led to corruption in federal govt.  Led to Northern Hostility toward the South  Underground RR  Well organized system that helped slaves escape to the North  Leaders were called conductors  Harriet Tubman
  • 5. Section 2  Transcontinental Railroad  Railroad that would connect the eastern and western United States  Led to a debate of where the RR would start and what direction it would go  Kansas Nebraska Act  Wanted settlement in Kansas and Nebraska Territories  SLAVE OR FREE?  divided Kansas into Slavery and Nebraska as a free state
  • 6.  Bleeding Kansas  Slave setters and anti-slave settlers were setting in Kansas  Boarder Ruffians-Pro slave men from Mizzou who stormed into KS and voted illegally setting up a pro slave legislature  Free state settlers set up their own government ---KS has two governments at this time  Lawrence Kansas was attacked by Boarder Ruffians who ransacked the town  Led to a nickname of Bleeding Kansas due to the territorial civil war between pro and anti slave groups  Over 200 people died and millions of dollars of property had been destroyed
  • 7. The Caning of Charles Sumner  Sumner was an anti-slave Senator from Massachusetts gave a speech accusing the Southern Senators and Andrew Butler of South Carolina of forcing Kansas into the ranks of slavery  Preston Brooks, a cousin of Butler beat Sumner savagely on the floor of the Senate  Many southerners viewed Brooks as a hero  The event strengthened the Northern anti-slave movement
  • 8. Section 3  Political Parties of the Era  Whig—opposed Democratic Party  Democrat—Dominated by Southern Senators  Liberty—abolitionists  Free-Soil—made of Anti-slavery Whigs and Democrats  Republicans—Strong opponents of slavery, still a party today  Know Nothings—anti Catholic and Anti immigration
  • 9. Dred Scott Decision  Dred Scott was a slave who lived for a time in a free territory  Sued for his freedom  Decided that African Americans were not citizens and could not sue  Said that the govt could not limit slavery in the territories  Led to further distance between the North and South
  • 10. Lincoln vs Douglas  Held a series of debates for Illinois Senate race  Lincoln opposed slavery and Douglas wanted Popular Sovereignty  Douglas won the election but Lincoln gained new support nationally in the Republican Party
  • 11. John Brown  An extreme abolitionist  Moved to Kansas to help in the free settlers against slavery  Became a hero in the north  Led the insurrection in Virginia against slaveholders by raiding Harpers Ferry  Was captured and hanged
  • 12. Section 4  Election of 1860 Lincoln won without any southern state support  Democratic vote was split between North and South, making the candidates split votes vs Lincoln  Set the wheels in motion for the secession of the southern states 
  • 13. Causes  Slavery  Kansas Nebraska Act Violence  John Brown’s raid  Confederates attacked Ft. Sumter in South Carolina Slavery outlawed in the U.S.  Southern States rebuilt their economy  African Americans gain citizenship and the right to vote  First Civil Rights laws were passed Southern States Secession   Dred Scott Ruling  Effects