Prithvi, Natalie, Jason 3rd Hour Piet Mondrian, Composition with Yellow, Blue, and Red, 1937–42,
What is Abstractionism? Based largely around 3 artists- Wassily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich, and Piet Mondrian Time period is approximately from late 1800’s into the early 1900’s, intertwined with many other time periods. Influences: chemistry, physics, Kandinsky Red Oval psychology, philosophy, poetry, and music
Meaning Abstractionism is a departure from reality Relationships of forms and colors Forms: institutional, emotional, organic, curvilinear, decorative, romantic, or focuses on the mystical Artists draw their inner world
Meaning Pure abstraction is non objective and non representational Figurative abstractions represent non visual things- sound emotion, spiritual Figurative abstractions simplifications of reality, where detail is eliminated from recognizable objects leaving only some degree of recognizable form. A Peasant In The Field (1928) Malevich
De Stijl Movement Movement within the abstractionism era Founded by Theo van Doesburg, a Dutchman, in 1917 Believed that artists should give off a depersonalized feeling Used only primary colors and straight lines to convey elements of nature Red and Blue Chair designed by Gerrit Rietveld in 1917
De Stijl Movement Connected to geometric abstractionism, all decoration except color was eliminated Piet Mondrian was a part of this movement Influenced the Bauhaus movement of the 1920’s Composition with Yellow, Blue, and Red, 1937–42, Piet Mondrian
De Stijl Movement Theo van Doesburg, Arithmetische Compositie (1924).
Kazimir Malevich He was Born on February 23, 1973 in Russia He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture from 1904 to 1910 and in the studio of Fedor Rerberg in Moscow (1904–1910). In 1915, Malevich laid down the foundations of Suprematism Pioneer of geometric abstractionism
Suprematism Art movement focused on fundamental geometric forms (in particular the square and circle and cross) Founded by Malevich This movement in artistic expression came when Russia was in a revolutionary state, ideas were in ferment, and the old order was being swept away Suprematist Painting: Eight Red Rectangles, 1915
Suprematism Malevich created this in order to defy normal reason and to search for the zero degree, where something is no longer art- circle, square, cross The variety of shapes, sizes and angles creates a sense of depth in these compositions, making the squares, circles and rectangles appear to be moving in space Suprematist Composition, 1916
Paintings by Malevich Black Square (Malevich, 1913), State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg Female half figure
Paintings by Malevich The wedding (1907) Peasant woman, dynamic
Abstractionism Facts Abstractionism takes more though than bright colors. It doesn’t relate to anything external or try to “look like” something. It’s a type of art that is non-objective or non representational. Represents things that aren’t visual, such as an emotion, sound, or spiritual experience.
Abstractionism Facts Continued Eliminated from recognizable objects, leaving only essence or some degree of recognizable form. Artists in this theory use a simpler combination of colors, including black, muted grays, yellow, red, and green. Yellow, red, and green are used to make small shapes stand out.
Wassily Kandinsky Born December 16th, 1866 Influential Russian painter and art theorist. He is credited with painting the first purely-abstract works. Was one of the fathers of abstract art. The man who eliminated the object.
Early-period work, Munich-Schwabing with the Church of St. Ursula (1908)
Blue Rider Period (1911-1914) Kandinskys paintings from this period are large, expressive colored masses evaluated independently from forms and lines. His writing in The Blue Rider Almanac and the treatise "On the Spiritual In Art" (which was released around the same time) were both a defense and promotion of abstract art and an affirmation that all forms of art were equally capable of reaching a level of spirituality.
Return to Russia Continued.. He painted little during this period. His spiritual, expressionistic view of art was ultimately rejected by the radical members of the Institute as too individualistic and bourgeois.
Composition VII—according to Kandinsky, the most complex piece he ever painted (1913)
The Bauhaus (1922–1933) Kandinsky taught the basic design class for beginners and the course on advanced theory at the Bauhaus. Geometrical elements took on increasing importance in both his teaching and painting—particularly the circle, half-circle, the angle, straight lines and curves.
Geometric Abstractionism Geometric Abstractionism is characterized by non- naturalistic imagery, typically geometrical shapes such as circles, squares, triangles, rectangles In a sense - by containing absolutely no reference to, or association with, the natural world - it is the purest form of abstraction. Kazimir Malevich, Black Circle, 1913
Geometric Abstractionism Important Aspects of Geometric Abstractionism Simple geometrical Shapes Triangles Rectangles Squares Circles Lines No natural forms Repetition Patterns Distinct colors Flat picture plane (no perspective) Auguste Herbin, Alphabet Plastique II, 1950
Piet Mondrian (1872–1944) The main creator and the most important proponent of geometric abstractionism was Dutch Artist Piet Mondrian. A member of the De Stijl (the Style) group which also included Theo van Doesburg, Bart van der Leck, and Vilmos Huszár.
Piet Mondrian Mondrians work was intended to convey "absolute reality”. He portrayed the world as the pure underlying geometric forms and related according to the vertical-horizontal principle of straight lines and pure spectral colors.
Piet Mondrian Mondrians developed his signature geometric style between 1915 and 1920. He erased of all references to the real world, choosing to focus on the geometric division of the canvas through black vertical and horizontal lines of varied thickness, which he complemented by blocks of primary colors, particularly blue, red, and yellow.
Cubism to AbstractionismPiet Mondrian, Red Tree, 1908 Piet Mondrian, Gray Tree, 1912 Mondrian’s paintings evolve logically and illustrate clear periods of influence art movements such as Impressionism, and especially Cubism.
Piet Mondrian, Composition A: Composition with Black, Red, Gray,Yellow & Blue - 1920 Mondrian believed that his art represented the essence of spiritual energy. Mondrian aimed to show through his art the balance of forces that governs nature and the universe.
Piet Mondrian, Composition II in Red, Blue and Yellow,1930 Mondrian attempted to represent the world through vertical and horizontal lines which to him represented the two opposing forces: the positive and the negative, the masculine and the feminine, the dynamic and the static.
Piet Mondrian, Broadway Boogie Woogie, 1943 After moving to New York, Mondrian became more adventurous with use of various squares of colors to form his lines which previously were distinctly black. He also began painting unbounded squares of colors as well as overlapping squares.
Legacy Mondrian is known as the father of geometric abstractionism, and is very famous for his numerous distinct red, blue, and yellow paintings with black lines. His concept has become very successful commercially. His designs are widely imitated in Piet Mondrian – Nike Dunk Low SB advertising and commercial design.
Legacy Mondrian’s work influenced many artists who worked with geometric abstractionism including Theo van Doesburg, Wassily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich, Barnett Newman, Kenneth Noland, Bridget Riley, and Alexander Rodchenko. Geometric abstractionism significantly influenced the op art movement. Mosaic