Ignatian spirituality
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  • 1. St Paul’s Cathedral August 15, 2012Feast of the Dormition of the Virgin Mary
  • 2. The Catechism Q. What are the principle kinds of prayer? A. The principle kinds of prayer are adoration, praise, thanksgiving, penitence, oblation, intercession, and petition. The Book of Common Prayer, p.856
  • 3. St. Ignatius of Loyola 1491-1556 Conversion experience in 1521 Spiritual Exercises, 1524 Ordained priest, 1537 Founded Society of Jesus in 1539 Constitutions, 1540
  • 4. Ignatian sources Spiritual Exercises  Meditations intended to be followed during a 4-week retreat (19th annotation)  Covers sin, the life of Christ, the Passion, and the Resurrection  Discernment  The examen is used after the Exercises Constitutions  Structure of the Society of Jesus  Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam The Autobiography of Ignatius of Loyola  Provides details on Ignatius’ life  Gives insight into the Spiritual Exercises
  • 5. The Jesuits Currently 20, 000 priests Founded to be fiercely loyal to papacy Militaristic hierarchicalstructure Counter Reformation focus Highly political and divisive Multiculturalism History of martyrdom, education, scholarship Important missionaries in Far East, India, New World, Holland Suppressed between 1773-1814 Changes since mid 20th century include liberation theology and papal intervention in 1981
  • 6. Hallmarks of Ignatian spirituality Incarnational Adoring Penitential Corporate and personal Scriptural Magis Intercessory and grateful Structured and goal-oriented
  • 7. Ignatian piety AMDG The Holy Name Devotion to the Sacred Heart and the Eucharist Devotion to the Blessed Mother
  • 8. Ignatian approaches Discernment  Deciding between options; magis “The human person is created to praise, reverence, and serve God Our Lord, and by so doing to save his or her soul… We should desire and choose only what helps us more towards the end for which we are created.” Exercises Spiritual direction  Ongoing relationship with a director to calibrate, share insights  Critically important during the Exercises  Aids in discernment  Sometimes can be in a group setting
  • 9. Ignatian approaches,continued Meditation  Composition of place  Imagination  Fruits Spiritual Exercises  Use of emotion  Goal is union with Christ and perfection of discernment  Use of meditation, examen, and spiritual direction  Four weeks: sin, the life of Christ, the Passion, and the Resurrection  Satan and Christ
  • 10. Ignatian approaches, continued Examens  General examen, to be performed twice daily, and acts as an examination of conscience  Particular examen, often tied into meditations, and reviews a specific theme or virtue to be developed Acts of love  All Ignatian approaches should lead to acts of service and love for others  Often, discernment happens through these acts
  • 11. After the meditation Impressions? Things to share? Questions?
  • 12. Next steps Take action! Examens