Digital Rights Management: information access roadblock

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Digital Rights Management: information access roadblock

  1. 1. Digital Rights Management: information access roadblock Jason Puckett, Georgia State U ACRL webcast March 1, 2011
  2. 2. (me) [email_address] jasonpuckett.net adlibinstruction.blogspot.com @librarianjason PSN: LibrarianX (not me) (not me) (not me) (Spoiler alert: DRM=bad)
  3. 3. what's DRM? <ul><li>technology that </li></ul><ul><li>prevents copying </li></ul><ul><li>restricts information access </li></ul>flickr.com/photos/gregoryh/152014043
  4. 4. how it works flickr.com/photos/ebmorse More about cryptography and DRM by Cory Doctorow: craphound.com/msftdrm.txt
  5. 5. flickr.com/photos/osuarchives/2709973933 &quot;Oh please god not microfilm. Please.“ – GSU professor, in an email to me
  6. 6. format informs utility flickr.com/photos/jcolman/341959852
  7. 7. flickr.com/photos/spike55151/89074304 format informs utility <ul><li>DVD DRM: </li></ul><ul><li>region encoding </li></ul><ul><li>CSS (Content Scramble System) </li></ul>
  8. 8. what can DRM restrict? <ul><li>copying </li></ul><ul><li>displaying </li></ul><ul><li>copy/paste/print </li></ul><ul><li>usage limitations </li></ul><ul><li>It also allows </li></ul><ul><li>monitoring usage </li></ul><ul><li>deleting files </li></ul><ul><li>… and? </li></ul>flickr.com/photos/jbonnain/523672080
  9. 9. copyright imbalance flickr.com/photos/caitlinburke/2157925747
  10. 10. fair use <ul><li>noncommercial/educational </li></ul><ul><li>nature of the work </li></ul><ul><li>amount used </li></ul><ul><li>effect on the value </li></ul>flickr.com/photos/arielmartini/5230086098
  11. 11. Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) <ul><li>Text of the DMCA: copyright.gov/legislation/dmca.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Info from Electronic Frontier Foundation: eff.org/issues/dmca </li></ul><ul><li>Latest DMCA exemptions: loc.gov/today/pr/2010/10-169.html </li></ul>
  12. 12. one-source devices <ul><li>“ tethered appliances” </li></ul>flickr.com/photos/foxtongue/23277541
  13. 13. Perlow, Jason. 2010. EPUB: The final barrier for Kindle Adoption. ZDNet. August 20. http://www.zdnet.com/blog/perlow/epub-the-final-barrier-for-kindle-adoption/13804.
  14. 14. user experience
  15. 15. disability access <ul><li>Adobe </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon </li></ul><ul><li>can disable read-aloud functions </li></ul>
  16. 16. preservation xkcd.com/488
  17. 17. breaking news: HarperCollins <ul><li>26 checkouts per ebook purchase </li></ul><ul><li>boycott movement: boycottharpercollins.com </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter hashtag: #hcod </li></ul><ul><li>many more links: librarianbyday.net/2011/02/25/publishing-industry-forces-overdrive-and-other-library-ebook-vendors-to-take-a-giant-step-back/ </li></ul>
  18. 18. false metaphors flickr.com/photos/bendodson/5464738963
  19. 19. Colbow, Brad. 2010. Why DRM Doesn’t Work. March 1. http://bradcolbow.com/archive/view/the_brads_why_drm_doesnt_work/?p=205.
  20. 20. better models of DRM flickr.com/photos/apwizard/707136203
  21. 21. “ social DRM” <ul><li>digital watermark </li></ul><ul><li>privacy? </li></ul>“ Social DRM: Watermarking and Ex-Libris” http://blog.feedbooks.com/?p=82 Image: Alexei Kouprianov
  22. 22. DRM & games: Steam
  23. 23. what should we do about it? flickr.com/photos/diginux/164315353 flickr.com/photos/inju “ Seventy percent of Springer’s business comes from research libraries… “ We showed them our original plans and they said, ‘Start over,’ with no DRM… “ Our policy is to give our customers whatever they want.” Reid, Calvin. “Libraries Say ‘No DRM’; Springer Agrees.” Publishers Weekly , October 29, 2010.
  24. 24. the eBook User’s Bill of Rights full text at librarianinblack.net/librarianinblack/2011/02/ebookrights.html <ul><li>Every eBook user should have the following rights: </li></ul><ul><li>the right to use eBooks under guidelines that favor access over proprietary limitations </li></ul><ul><li>the right to access eBooks on any technological platform </li></ul><ul><li>the right to annotate, quote passages, print, and share eBook content within the spirit of fair use and copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Rights Management (DRM), like a tariff, acts as a mechanism to inhibit this free exchange of ideas, literature, and information. </li></ul><ul><li>As a customer, I am entitled to be treated with respect and not as a potential criminal. As a consumer, I am entitled to make my own decisions about the eBooks that I buy or borrow. </li></ul>
  25. 25. readers’ advisory craphound.com/content remix.lessig.org thepublicdomain.org
  26. 26. <ul><li>Puckett, J. (2010). Digital Rights Management as information access barrier. Progressive Librarian , (34-35), 11-24. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Available at http://digitalarchive.gsu.edu/ univ_lib_facpub/50/ </li></ul></ul>flickr.com/photos/29621567@N00/349077131 thank you [email_address] jasonpuckett.net adlibinstruction.blogspot.com @librarianjason PSN: LibrarianX

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