Alice training


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ALICE training

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  • Disclaimer that parts of this presentation may be disturbing and that there may be some “real” effects. Part of this is a DRILL. Again, this will be reiterated for the Sept. 19th building presentation.

    Points to stress:
    The active intruder has been planning—albeit simplistic or elaborate, a plan is forged
    Plan is to hurt or kill as many as possible
    Schools are reactive, beginning to take a more proactive response to plans
    A.L.I.C.E. is not a guarantee there will be no casualties

    Importance of Mental Preparation + Planning:
    Avoid “ Shock Effect”
    Do not freeze
    Importance of situational awareness and physical placement of desks and objects
    Creating time for survival-minimize the number of casualties prior to help’s arrival

    Preparation—Shift in paradigm:
    Empower staff as leaders
    Staff has the power/ control
    Give permission in crisis situation
    This is PRIOR to police assistance in approximately 8 minutes or less

    Most recently is shooting in Ross Township, Monroe County (Lehigh Area) in PA on August 5, 2013.
    3 killed, 3 critical
    Shots were to the head and stomachs of victims
    They crawled under table
    Overpowered by civilian who shot the active shooter and continued to restrain AS until help arrived
  • There is a sense of security in knowing we have a plan for crisis intervention. Knowing what to do and when to do it keeps crisis from becoming chaos.
  • Situational awareness— a life skill for ALL ENVIRONMENTS
    Recognize— know it when you see it…very little can be taken for granted
    Assess—know how bad it can be, worst case scenario. Plan for the worst, hope for the best
    Respond—know what to do, envision multiple ways in which you will accomplish your goal of survival
  • A.L.I.C.E. – has been around since 2000
    - Founders are Greg and Lisa Crane
    Organization founded is called Response Options
    A focus on survival

  • Disclaimer—this is actual phone recording of the incident

    Excerpt of call from website:

    Now linked to trainers material on barb’s desktop

    What topics are discussed and emotions felt through the phone call?
    Can you hear the gunshots in the background?
  • Principals-give the all call code to all staff? We need to get their input. Discuss at the staff meeting at Tuesday, 8/13.
  • Think about how we have responded in education in the past to an active shooter. All schools in our district have some degree of a static lockdown procedure in our Emergency Handbooks.

  • The term lockdown can be defined as a course of action to control the movement of inmates or prevent people from moving. Does that traditional meaning sound like a way to keep kids safe?
  • Remind district members that there will be a district wide intruder drill—have “release moved” suggested by 7 year old student
  • Consider Options—walk your daily routine and assess ways to guide students to safety. Consider where you can exit, hide out, and take inventory of everyday things you can use to distract Active Shooter (A/S).

    Use New Thinking—when it comes to your safety and the safety of your students, give yourself permission to do things that ordinarily you would not do or use. It is about survival.

    Evade—preferred action…but sometimes, it is not an option.

    Retaliate—shift in paradigm. Lock down, fortify target, distract, and swarm as last option.
  • Using the link with subtitles:
  • You want to do several things at this moment.
    Interrupt the physical act of shooting.
    Take advantage of your previously unknown tactical advantages.
    Become a moving target.
    Become an aggressive target.
    Become proactive.
    DO NOT sit quietly and wait to be murdered!
  • Using the youtube link:

    Now linked to training materials on desktop
  • Trained Response

    Survival Reaction
    Survival Mindset
    Recall Learned Info
    Survival Behavior
    Live / Win

    Which is different from:
    Untrained Response

    Panic Reaction
    Denial / Disbelief
    Shock / Helplessness
    Do nothing / Sheep

    “This can’t be happening to me.”
  • Distract the intruder with Sensory Overload
    Throw anything and everything
    Do not worry about breaking anything you throw!
    The heavier the object the more distracting it will be
    Throw DIRECTLY at his face
    Tennis ball demonstration
    Yell, Scream and make lots of noise at the same time
    SWARM, take the intruder down
    Prone position, have people lay on him with arms spread out
    Disarm the intruder and get the weapon away from him
    Do not hold the weapon, the police may mistake you for the intruder

    Size of target
    Distance of target
    Movement of target
    Distractions from target
  • Don’t plead-does not make a difference with the active shooters…
  • There are issues with parking lots and fear of booby trappings, etc
  • Alice training

    1. 1. “The reality of the situation is – it’s a sad reality, but it’s reality – there are no sanctuaries anymore. We’ve seen this happen in schools, in malls, playgrounds, parks, churches. No place is safe anymore.” - Karl Kick, Washington Post Cornwall Lebanon School District must be prepared for this type of crisis!
    2. 2. There is a sense of security in knowing we have a plan… Knowing what to do and when to do it keeps CRISIS from becoming CHAOS.
    3. 3. Situational awareness Recognition Assessment Response
    4. 4. A –Alert L – Lockdown I –Provide real-time information C – Counter E – Evacuate the area Any of these options might be your best FIRST option.
    5. 5. We are committed to providing staff and students options to maximize the chance for survival. Today, you will learn about the following: A L I C E
    6. 6. What have we learned from past school shootings? What is A.L.I.C.E.? What are your options? What role does mental conditioning play with regard to survival and readiness preparation?
    7. 7. Mental preparation will help you to survive It will give you the ability to make decisions quickly under duress, stress, and fear You are your own 1st Responder
    8. 8. What do you do?
    9. 9. A violent intruder is in your building or on your campus. You have heard the sounds of gunfire or screams. A Code Red may have been announced. Listen to the announcement as it will be giving pertinent information as to… What’s happening The intruder’s last known location in the building
    10. 10. Alert and Inform Dial #00* (Middle School All Call) Give specific information  Location, Identifying Features, Direction and Threat “Gunman in the office hallway. Tall, white male, black sweatshirt and jeans headed towards the cafeteria” Dial 4911 (Middle School Office) The office will hit the panic button and start Code Red
    11. 11. April 20, 1999 4th deadliest school massacre in U.S. history 13 killed, 21 wounded, 3 injured while escaping the killing zone Violence ends with Harris & Klebold committing suicide – prior to police making contact
    12. 12. 700 kids fled from Columbine of their own initiative. Over half of the school’s students saved their OWN lives by fleeing the crisis zone. This was INSTINCTIVE BEHAVIOR. No authority figure told them to run.
    13. 13. 12 injured, 10 killed Emergency exit just a few feet away
    14. 14. Code Red Code Red
    15. 15. UNDER THE OLD LOCKDOWN CONCEPT: Who is in danger? What is the danger? What information would you like to know? Code Red Code Red
    16. 16. HOT ZONE CRISIS ZONE Code Red “Gunman in the office hallway. Tall, white male, black sweatshirt and jeans headed towards the cafeteria”
    17. 17. All movements and actions of the intruder will be broadcast, if possible. Update school and 911 Provides real-time information Allows for occupants to make the best decision for themselves If there is no announcement, use your senses to understand your situation better
    18. 18. Use any means necessary to pass on real time information Use plain language Who, what, when, where, and how PA system can be used by anyone to alert staff, based on situation Use “Flash Alerts” on PA system to update the shooters movement through the school if possible
    19. 19. What is a traditional lockdown? Has merit, but it is NOT a stand alone defense. Strategy: Secure all Turn off lights Cover windows Retreat in corner of room Await police rescue The entire strategy depends on the shooter’s inability to get through the door…. It HOPES that the police will rescue everyone before the shooter reaches the students and the teachers.
    20. 20. Question: Where did the concept of “Lockdown” originate? Answer: In prisons. It is a way to gain control quickly in a riot.
    21. 21. We support LOCKDOWN as a tool Excellent starting point Should we continue a traditional lockdown?
    22. 22. French class Holden Hall, Virginia Tech Photo by Chase Damiano
    23. 23. Traditional Lockdown (cont.) Limits our natural instinct to get away from danger by running. Assumes the entire campus is in the same amount of danger. Trains everyone to “freeze”—the WORST response to directed violence. Ask a police officer what advice they give their kids if they are being attacked with deadly force.
    24. 24. If you are unable to escape, secure the door Barricade the door Turn out the lights Develop a plan to deny the intruder a target. (throw books, chairs, staplers, etc.) Be prepared to respond to the attack
    25. 25. Wake-up Call: Virginia Tech April 16, 2007- Cho murders 32, wounds 25, firing 170 rounds from 2 handguns in 9 minutes. 7:15 AM West Ambler Johnston Hall- Hilscher and Clark murders Returns and reloads at his apartment Leaves to mail pictures and a video manifest to NBC 9:45 AM Norris Hall Murders Executions in 5 classrooms Kills 30, then himself
    26. 26. Target hit rate for Cho at Virginia Tech 100% Fatality rate for Cho at Virginia Tech 68% (47 shot, 32 killed)
    27. 27. Target hit rate for Law Enforcement Officers 20% Fatality rate for all assaults by firearm (NRA) 10%
    28. 28. CHO EVERYBODY ELSE 100% Hit Rate 68% Fatality Rate 20% Hit Rate 10% Fatality Rate
    30. 30. Mrs. Doreen Weaber – Grade 2 Cornwall Elementary
    31. 31. This segment is about using “Counter Measures” to secure your safety and the safety of your students. Use New Thinking; Evade; Retaliate! Consider Options;
    32. 32. “In a moment of decision, the best thing you can do is the right thing. The next best thing is the wrong thing. The worst thing you can do is nothing.” – Theodore Roosevelt
    33. 33. According to the NRA, handguns are fatal in only 10% of shootings. To put it another way, if you are unfortunate enough to be shot by a handgun, you have a 90% chance of survival. This is NOT the case in school shootings. The reason is because in most school shootings, the victims cooperate in their own murder!
    34. 34. The 2nd most important thing you can do ... Move! Move! Move! DO NOT just sit there and wait to be murdered! Scatter! Think about turning on a light in a dark room. Do what bugs do! If it works for bugs, how much better can it work for you? Overload the violent intruder’s thought processes and his physical act of shooting.
    35. 35. When all else fails and you are out of options. You locked down and barricaded your room. It did not work. The violent intruder is now INSIDE your room. What do you do now?
    36. 36. Did your list include any of the following?
    37. 37. Taking back control, STIMULUS & SWARM: Fox and Friends
    38. 38. Average Active Shooter Event lasts 4 - 8 minutes
    39. 39. Do NOT be an easy target History has shown that a passive response equates to death or serious injury (Virginia Tech, Columbine, etc.) Interrupt the physical act of shooting Many things affect the success of hitting a target
    40. 40. What is your primary responsibility in the crisis? What are the capability of local responders? What supplies have we stockpiled as a district?
    41. 41. Make sure you understand your options Prepare yourself- make sure you have access to the tools you need to provide you with the most options Train individually and as a group Have an awareness of your surroundings If in doubt - get out. Do not hesitate!
    42. 42. Is just one always the best and only option?
    43. 43. Get out of kill zone as quickly as possible More difficult to hit a moving target, scatter You and your students have permission to move quickly in hallways and run to Predetermined RALLY POINTS. Rally Points will be shared by your building’s administrator
    44. 44. Denial stage common Tendency for normalcy You may have to yell “MOVE” or pull someone along
    45. 45. Again, it may be the first choice
    46. 46. There will be follow up on this at school staff meetings.