Disclaimer that parts of this presentation may be disturbing and that there may be some “real” effects. Part of this is a DRILL. Again, this will be reiterated for the Sept. 19th building presentation.
BEGIN TIMER ON SEPARATE COMPUTER THAT COUNTS UP OR DOWN? ONCE IT REACHES 8 MINUTES, SOUND EITHER COMPUTER SIREN OR BUILDING “INTRUDER ALERT”. HOPEFULLY WE WILL BE ON THE VOCABULARY WORD WALL WHEN THIS SOUNDS.
Points to stress: Planning: The active intruder has been planning—albeit simplistic or elaborate, a plan is forged Plan is to hurt or kill as many as possible Schools are reactive, beginning to take a more proactive response to plans A.L.I.C.E. is not a guarantee there will be no casualties
Importance of Mental Preparation + Planning: Avoid “ Shock Effect” Do not freeze Importance of situational awareness and physical placement of desks and objects Creating time for survival-minimize the number of casualties prior to help’s arrival
Preparation—Shift in paradigm: Empower staff as leaders Staff has the power/ control Give permission in crisis situation This is PRIOR to police assistance in approximately 8 minutes or less
Most recently is shooting in Ross Township, Monroe County (Lehigh Area) in PA on August 5, 2013. 3 killed, 3 critical Shots were to the head and stomachs of victims They crawled under table Overpowered by civilian who shot the active shooter and continued to restrain AS until help arrived
There is a sense of security in knowing we have a plan for crisis intervention. Knowing what to do and when to do it keeps crisis from becoming chaos.
Situational awareness— a life skill for ALL ENVIRONMENTS Recognize— know it when you see it…very little can be taken for granted Assess—know how bad it can be, worst case scenario. Plan for the worst, hope for the best Respond—know what to do, envision multiple ways in which you will accomplish your goal of survival
A.L.I.C.E. – has been around since 2000 - Founders are Greg and Lisa Crane Organization founded is called Response Options A focus on survival
Disclaimer—this is actual phone recording of the incident
Excerpt of call from website: http://acolumbinesite.com/sounds/911.wav
Now linked to trainers material on barb’s desktop
What topics are discussed and emotions felt through the phone call? Can you hear the gunshots in the background?
Principals-give the all call code to all staff? We need to get their input. Discuss at the staff meeting at Tuesday, 8/13.
Think about how we have responded in education in the past to an active shooter. All schools in our district have some degree of a static lockdown procedure in our Emergency Handbooks.
The term lockdown can be defined as a course of action to control the movement of inmates or prevent people from moving. Does that traditional meaning sound like a way to keep kids safe?
Remind district members that there will be a district wide intruder drill—have “release moved” suggested by 7 year old student
Consider Options—walk your daily routine and assess ways to guide students to safety. Consider where you can exit, hide out, and take inventory of everyday things you can use to distract Active Shooter (A/S).
Use New Thinking—when it comes to your safety and the safety of your students, give yourself permission to do things that ordinarily you would not do or use. It is about survival.
Evade—preferred action…but sometimes, it is not an option.
Retaliate—shift in paradigm. Lock down, fortify target, distract, and swarm as last option.
Using the link with subtitles: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l6PeC6NTnpY
You want to do several things at this moment. Interrupt the physical act of shooting. Take advantage of your previously unknown tactical advantages. Become a moving target. Become an aggressive target. Become proactive. DO NOT sit quietly and wait to be murdered!
Using the youtube link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A8yBlVurL2A
Now linked to training materials on desktop
Survival Reaction Survival Mindset Recall Learned Info Survival Behavior Live / Win
“WE CAN DO THIS!” Which is different from: Untrained Response
Distract the intruder with Sensory Overload Throw anything and everything Do not worry about breaking anything you throw! The heavier the object the more distracting it will be Throw DIRECTLY at his face Tennis ball demonstration Yell, Scream and make lots of noise at the same time SWARM, take the intruder down Prone position, have people lay on him with arms spread out Disarm the intruder and get the weapon away from him Do not hold the weapon, the police may mistake you for the intruder
Size of target Distance of target Movement of target Distractions from target
Don’t plead-does not make a difference with the active shooters…
There are issues with parking lots and fear of booby trappings, etc
“The reality of the situation is – it’s a sad
reality, but it’s reality – there are no
sanctuaries anymore. We’ve seen this
happen in schools, in malls,
playgrounds, parks, churches. No place
is safe anymore.”
- Karl Kick, Washington Post
Cornwall Lebanon School District must be
prepared for this type of crisis!
There is a sense of security in
knowing we have a plan…
Knowing what to do and when
to do it keeps CRISIS from
A violent intruder is in your building or on your
campus. You have heard the sounds of
gunfire or screams. A Code Red may have
Listen to the announcement as it will be giving
pertinent information as to…
The intruder’s last known location in the building
Alert and Inform
Dial #00* (Middle School All Call)
Give specific information
Location, Identifying Features, Direction and Threat
“Gunman in the office hallway. Tall, white
male, black sweatshirt and jeans headed
towards the cafeteria”
Dial 4911 (Middle School Office)
The office will hit the panic button and start Code
April 20, 1999
4th deadliest school massacre in U.S.
13 killed, 21 wounded, 3 injured while
escaping the killing zone
Violence ends with Harris & Klebold
committing suicide – prior to police making
700 kids fled from
Columbine of their own
Over half of the school’s
students saved their
OWN lives by fleeing
the crisis zone.
This was INSTINCTIVE
authority figure told
them to run.
12 injured, 10 killed
Emergency exit just a
few feet away
UNDER THE OLD LOCKDOWN
Who is in danger?
What is the danger?
What information would you like to
“Gunman in the office
hallway. Tall, white
male, black sweatshirt
and jeans headed
towards the cafeteria”
All movements and actions of the intruder will
be broadcast, if possible.
Update school and 911
Provides real-time information
Allows for occupants to make the best decision for
If there is no announcement, use your senses to
understand your situation better
Use any means necessary to pass on real
Use plain language
Who, what, when, where, and how
PA system can be used by anyone to alert
staff, based on situation
Use “Flash Alerts” on PA system to update the
shooters movement through the school if
What is a traditional lockdown?
Has merit, but it is
NOT a stand alone
Turn off lights
Retreat in corner of
Await police rescue
The entire strategy
depends on the
shooter’s inability to
get through the
It HOPES that the
police will rescue
everyone before the
shooter reaches the
students and the
Question: Where did the concept of
Answer: In prisons.
It is a way to gain control quickly in a riot.
We support LOCKDOWN as a tool
Excellent starting point
Should we continue a traditional
French class Holden Hall, Virginia Tech
Photo by Chase Damiano
Traditional Lockdown (cont.)
Limits our natural
instinct to get away
from danger by
Assumes the entire
campus is in the
same amount of
Trains everyone to
WORST response to
Ask a police officer
what advice they
give their kids if they
are being attacked
with deadly force.
If you are unable to escape, secure the door
Barricade the door
Turn out the lights
Develop a plan to deny the intruder a target.
(throw books, chairs, staplers, etc.)
Be prepared to respond to the attack
Wake-up Call: Virginia Tech
April 16, 2007- Cho murders 32,
wounds 25, firing 170 rounds
from 2 handguns in 9 minutes.
7:15 AM West Ambler Johnston
Hall- Hilscher and Clark murders
Returns and reloads at his
Leaves to mail pictures and a
video manifest to NBC
9:45 AM Norris Hall Murders
Executions in 5 classrooms
Kills 30, then himself
Target hit rate for Cho at Virginia Tech
Fatality rate for Cho at Virginia Tech
(47 shot, 32 killed)
Target hit rate for Law Enforcement Officers
Fatality rate for all assaults by firearm (NRA)
100% Hit Rate
68% Fatality Rate
20% Hit Rate
10% Fatality Rate
This segment is about using “Counter
Measures” to secure your safety and the safety
of your students.
“In a moment of decision, the best thing
you can do is the right thing. The next
best thing is the wrong thing. The worst
thing you can do is nothing.” – Theodore
According to the NRA, handguns are fatal in
only 10% of shootings.
To put it another way, if you are unfortunate
enough to be shot by a handgun, you have a
90% chance of survival.
This is NOT the case in school shootings.
The reason is because in most school
shootings, the victims cooperate in their own
The 2nd most important thing you can do ...
Move! Move! Move!
DO NOT just sit there and wait to be murdered!
Think about turning on a light in a dark room. Do
what bugs do!
If it works for bugs, how much better can it work for
Overload the violent intruder’s thought
processes and his physical act of shooting.
When all else fails and you are out of options.
You locked down and barricaded your room.
It did not work. The violent intruder is now
INSIDE your room.
What do you do now?
Taking back control, STIMULUS & SWARM:
Fox and Friends
Shooter Event lasts
4 - 8 minutes
Do NOT be an easy target
History has shown that a passive
response equates to death or serious
injury (Virginia Tech, Columbine, etc.)
Interrupt the physical act of shooting
Many things affect the success of hitting a
What is your primary responsibility in the
What are the capability of local
What supplies have we stockpiled as a
Make sure you understand your options
Prepare yourself- make sure you have access
to the tools you need to provide you with the
Train individually and as a group
Have an awareness of your surroundings
If in doubt - get out. Do not hesitate!
Get out of kill zone as quickly as possible
More difficult to hit a moving target, scatter
You and your students have permission to move quickly in hallways and run to
Predetermined RALLY POINTS. Rally Points will be shared by your building’s
Denial stage common
Tendency for normalcy
You may have to yell “MOVE” or pull someone along