Midterm 2.0


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  • Midterm 2.0

    1. 1. Intent: Develop the Max platform located at Civic Drive into a space for the residents of Gresham by creating a community run chestnut orchard. Embrace the aesthetic of the orchard grid to formulate new distinct urban/rural spaces along the infrastructure of the max. Then, formalize these spaces for the community by incorporating uses such as seasonal markets, public spaces, max platforms, and trails.
    2. 2. The population of American chestnut trees was virtually wiped out in the early 1900‘s. The “Great Chestnut Blight,” commonly called Cryphonectria Parasitica, had consumed nearly all of the population by 1950. The American species C. dentata, The American chestnut, offers very little resistance to parasitic bark fungus. Its Chinese relative, C. Japanese Chestnut tree Chestnuts in their seed pods Mollissima, is thought to have brought the parasite to the mainland US in the early 1900’s. Despite its apparent weakness as a species this tree offers the following tangible benefits: 1. When quarter sawn it will contain no radial grain, its all vertical grain. 2. Its easy to saw and split. example of a crossbreed tree painting by Renoir 3. It grows much faster than Oak. 4. It contains no pollen, its pollinated by the wind. 5. The lumber from this tree contains Tannins, a natural product in some species of wood thats resistant to decay when you harvest it. colossal chestnuts Silverleaf chestnuts
    3. 3. Our site contains roughly 6.5 acres on the north side of the max rail lines. Currently Oregon and WV WVD WV 345 Washington have about 300 acres planted. These D WV WV WV D DV W WV V W WV farms are all under 10 years old and mostly of the D H Y D 350 H Y “Colossal” variety. 355 D 345 360 350 355 360 5 35 360 This amount of land could be considered a typical D 355 350 345 360 “medium” stand of trees. Farms in this category 340 355 360 5 35 35 5 typically range from 5-8 acres. 350 345 WV E E D H Y Consumption of chestnuts per capita: V WV V D W D VW 5 W 35 0 35 5 34 0 34 5 5 33 35 D H Y WV 0 WV 35 D D H Y H Y 330 D D 5 35 34 5 355 D 355 5 35 E E 5 355 35 E 0 35 5 34 5 EXISTING PARKING 35 The domestic consumption of chestnuts suffered 330 5 33 WV 355 WV 0 dramatically after the loss of the trees throughout the early D 35 H Y 355 0 5 33 35 D 5 34 5 5 35 35 335 330 355 350 355 1900’s. Worldwide demand for chestnuts exceeds that of almonds and walnuts combined. 335 345 355 330 350 5 32 335 330 E 335 345 E 33 5 335 330 80% of Americans have never eaten a chestnut. 320 330 D 330 R E 330 WV E 325 325 330 330 335 330 340 Some consumer tests are indicating new enthusiastic 5 33 E 330 acceptance of chestnuts by the american consumer. The E 325 E 325 United States has the greatest capacity to develop new plantings of any country in the world.
    4. 4. Pro Forma: We currently import 10 to 20 million pounds of European Chestnuts, at a retail cost of $30-$40 million. The annual value of imported and processed chestnuts is estimated at $500,000, with prices ranging from $1.50-$3.00. If domestic consumption levels rise by one pound per capita the US would require 100,000 acres of mature trees to meet that demand. This industry would then be worth $600-$800 detail of colossal nuts ready for million annually. harvest cluster of Colossal Chestnuts On a good site, a mature orchard can produce 3,000 lbs per acre. A retail price of $7.50 a lb for chestnuts yields $22,500 per acre, or $146,250 for the 6.5 acre development. harvest equipment harvest equipment detail of Chestnut lumber detail of Chestnut lumber machine made for removing processed nuts ready for nuts from shell pods sale
    5. 5. Trees can be placed at 14-40 feet apart depending on the growers willingness to remove every other tree when crowding occurs. Thinning and/or removing every other is required to maintain high yield. Severely shaded branches will also die out over time. Without topping or shaping some trees can reach 35-40’. Denser plantings have been popular in recent years, 14’ -25’ 12 year old chestnut farm with excess 15 year old chestnut farm with every can be considered a modern standard. A tighter layout is shade on the lower canopy other row removed to allow sunlight in also more efficient for maintaining irrigation lines. The trees are remarkably drought resistant but will produce smaller yields and/or nuts in dry soil. new orchard (closely spaced) 8 year old chestnut farm (getting tight) chestnut tree after it’s first season
    6. 6. harvesting the chestnut The use of mechanized equipment is a must. The harvesting of chestnuts can be a This site at peak capacity will yield 9 tons of community activity. Mechanized equipment is chestnuts. Pick up chestnuts. also feasible. As chestnuts are susceptible to mold, they Collect husked chestnuts. Shuck using heavy gloves. must be dried on racks before transportation.
    7. 7. community involvement There are many precedents for community gardens in the pacific northwest: Since 1975, Portland Parks and Recreation has allocated land for the use of community gardening. Currently there are 32 gardens across portland. The Community Harvest SW Seattle is a group that organizes a massive harvest of extra fruit that would otherwise gather and rot on sidewalks. This year, they gathered over 3 tons of pears, plums, apples and figs for donation to local food shelves. Seattle “Community Harvest” in action Portland community garden Youth group involvement
    8. 8. Christo and Jeanne-Claude Running Fence Walter de Maria 1973 The Lightning Field 1977 In 1973, after 17 stateless years, Christo became a United States citizen. In 1972, Christo and Jeanne-Claude began preparations for Running Fence: a fabric fence, made from steel posts and The Lightning Field is a work of Land Art situated in a remote area of the high desert of western steel cables, running through the landscape and leading into the sea. The fence was to be 5.5 New Mexico. It is comprised of 400 polished stainless steel poles installed in a grid array meters high and 40 kilometers long. For the project, 59 families of ranchers needed to be measuring one mile by one kilometer. The poles -- two inches in diameter and averaging 20 feet convinced and the permission of the authorities had to be obtained, so Christo and Jeanne- and 7½ inches in height -- are spaced 220 feet apart and have solid pointed tips that define a Claude hired nine lawyers. At the end of 1973 Christo and Jeanne-Claude marked the path of the horizontal plane. A sculpture to be walked in as well as viewed, The Lightning Field is intended to fence with wooden stakes. On 29 April 1976 the work finally began after a long struggle against be experienced over an extended period of time. A full experience of The Lightning Field does not bureaucracy. Approximately 200,000 m2 of nylon fabric, 2050 steel posts and 145 km of steel cable depend upon the occurrence of lightning, and visitors are encouraged to spend as much time as were needed. On 10 September 1976 the work was completed. However, Christo and Jeanne- possible in the field, especially during sunset and sunrise. In order to provide this opportunity, Dia Claude had to pay a $60,000 fine, because they lacked permission for the coastal region. offers overnight visits during the months of May through October. ©1995-2009 Dia Art Foundation (wikipedia.org) http://15.media.tumblr.com/fTLORZVHomisf1h30HiQ6kQIo1_500.jpg Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Running Fence, Sonoma and Marin Counties, California, 1972-76, photograph 1976, color photograph by Wolfgang Volz, mounted on aluminum panel, 149.8 x 224.8 (59 x 88 1/2). © Christo 1976
    9. 9. Andy Goldsworthy Storm King Wall 1998 Created over a two-year period, the 2,278-foot-long site-specific sculpture was made using stones gathered from the Art Center property. The first part of the wall weaves in and out of trees, following and extending the path of an old stone wall that had existed previously on the site, meandering downhill to a nearby pond. The wall's second section emerges out from the other side of the pond, continuing its westward "walk" uphill. According to historical maps, another wall originally existed in this vicinity, but its remnants are gone. The wall's full extension physically links disparate areas of the property, from the trail overlooking Moodna creek to the south fields and the western border. The Storm King Art Center, founded in 1960, in Mountainville, New York is an open air museum which has extended the concept of a "sculpture garden" to become a "sculpture landscape." (wikipedia.org) http://www.templemanharrison.com/images/Inspiration_3_pop.jpg
    10. 10. site concept sketch
    11. 11. site plan/concept
    12. 12. platform plan/concept
    13. 13. pond concept
    14. 14. Q&A: Q: What are our assumptions about the context? Q: How does the design address time? A: Our site has a past as rural/agricultural land as seen in numerous plans A: The trees are deciduous so they will show the cycle of the and photos. This information has informed our scheme which seeks to seasons. A warm palette of wood columns and concrete forms remediate the development of agricultural lands, provide public space, and frame the shelter locations adjacent to these cycles. The speed of create a modern “rural identity” for Gresham. transportation and views can be seen in our Sketchup animation. Q: How do you respond to the unique characteristics of the place? Q: What holds up the canopies? How are they constructed? A: By bringing back traditional arrangements of agricultural forms and A: The canopies are constructed of cast in-place concrete with 2’ putting a contemporary twist on them. diameter openings that provide light and shadow effects on the ground and walls. They are held up with steel columns which are Q: What is your design vision for the near term and 30 years from now? clad in wooden boards. A: The development of these trees as a resource for the community will Q: What is your strategy for dealing with sun, wind and water? take some time. Our research indicates about 30-50 years before these trees can provide optimal harvest. A: The shelter of the canopies which measure roughly 32’ x 32’ provide an ample amount of shelter form the wind, water, and sun. Q: What emotions do we feel on arrival, waiting, and departure? A: Rhythm, order, and a sense of belonging. Q: How are pragmatic needs such as safety and security accommodated? A: The current shelter design is “open air” and clearly visible from the road for police officers passing by. Electric lighting and access control will be implemented at the orchard site.