Bell Ringer Activity Take FIVE minutes and write anything that you know about World War II. Can be anything from the effects of WWI through the end of WWII. Example: Hitler invaded Poland which caused Britain and France to declare war on Germany.
Share Bell Ringer Answers Only share one example per student.
March 1938 Hitlermarched into Austria and took over the nation. Violation of the Treaty of Versailles. European countries did not resist it.
Appeasement European countries did not resist Hitler because few have the desire to fight another war. Itwas better to give Hitler what he wanted in order to avoid another war.
September 1938 Hitler took Sudetenland. Britain, France, and Italy agreed to permit Hitler to take Sudetenland if he promised not to take the rest of Czechoslovakia. Sixmonths later, Hitler went back on his agreement and took the rest of Czechoslovakia.
Appeasement was Clearly a Failure Hitler began looking towards Poland. Britain announced that it would defend Poland against a German invasion. September 1, 1939 Hitler launched a blitzkrieg. Planes, tanks, artillery, and soldiers quickly broke through Poland’s defenses. Two days later, Britain and France declared war on Germany.
America-Early Stages of WWII Americansfollowed the crisis closely, but had no desire to get involved. Congress passed a series of Neutrality Acts that forbid the U.S. to sell weapons or give help to countries at war.
Lend-Lease Act When Germany invaded France and threatened Britain, President Roosevelt passed the Lend-Lease Act. This law allowed the U.S. to give American ships and supplies to Britain and the Soviet Union. Roosevelt promised “all measures short of war” to help.
The U.S. Enters the War Duringthe 1930s Japan had moved to increase its power in Asia. Fighting a war against China. Japanese supported Germany and took over French and Dutch territories in Asia. This U.S. cut off sales of oil and scrap metal to the Japanese and began sending warships into Asian waters.
Japanese-U.S. Relations The two countries tried to make a deal. The Japanese were planning a secret attack on the Americans. December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor. Killed 2,500 Americans. 8 battleships were sunk. 188 airplanes were destroyed.
U.S. Enters the War The next day Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan. Germany and Italy immediately declared war on the United States. Thecountry that had tried to stay out of world affairs since 1918 would now fight another war on the opposite side of the world.
Effects of Pearl Harbor Winston Churchill wrote that on the night of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, he slept more soundly than he had in months. He knew that with the U.S. now involved in the war, the Allies would certainly win. It would still take nearly four years of hard fighting to win the war.
Germany-Two Front War In 1941, Hitler broke a nonaggression pact he had made with the Soviet Union. Hitler sent a large part of his army to the eastern front to fight. The Soviets suffered many defeats. Thelong Russian winters wore down the German troops, and the Soviet Union began pushing the Germans back across Europe.
U.S. in the War TheU.S. first concentrated its efforts in the Pacific and in Italy. June6, 1944 D-Day. Huge army of Americans, British, and Canadian troops invaded German-occupied France.
U.S. Meets the Russians Following D-day, for the next 10 months the Allied forces pushed the Germans back across Europe from the west. In the east the Soviet forces crushed the Germans as well. In the spring of 1945, American and Soviet troops shook hands along the Elbe River in Germany. This signaled the end of the war in Europe.
War in the Pacific Alliesfought to push the Japanese back, one island at a time. By the summer of 1945 military planners were getting ready to invade Japan. Many military planners believed it would take nearly one million soldiers to successfully invade Japan.
Manhattan Project April1945 President Roosevelt died of a cerebral hemorrhage. He had been President for 12 years. When Harry Truman took office he learned of a secret project. This project was a race to build the most powerful weapon the world had ever seen– the atomic bomb.
Decision to Drop the Bomb Truman ordered the new bomb to be dropped on Japan. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were the targets. August6 and 9, 1945. Hundreds of thousands died. The Japanese surrendered a few days later. End of WWII.
American Justification Americans justified the atomic bombing by saying that it saved more lives than might have been lost from an invasion of Japan. Other Americans believed it was necessary to show the Soviet Union the power of the U.S.
Impact of the War 13 Million Soldiers died. 23 Million Soldiers were wounded. 75 Million People worldwide may have died. 1945Allied troops discovered concentration camps. 6 million Jews were killed. 5 million non-Aryan were killed.
Nuremberg TrialsFollowing the war Allies rounded up the leaders of Germany and Japan and put them on trial. 17 Nazi leaders. 12 were sentenced to death. Japanese general Hideki Tojo. Ordered attack on Pearl Harbor.
Russian-U.S. Relations Both countries emerged from WWII as the most powerful nations. Soviets refused to remove its armies from Eastern Europe after the war. An intense rivalry between groups of democratic and communist nations. Led to the Cold War.
The United Nations Allieswere determined to keep world peace. United Nations was formed to keep world peace. United States, Soviet Union, Great Britain, France, and China all worked together to form the U.N. Japan was not admitted until 1953. Italy until 1955. Germany until 1973.
Establishment of Israel Britain promised a new Jewish homeland. Arabs in the region were not in favor of the new Jewish homeland. 1948 Israel was recognized by the United States.
Complete the following questions and leave your answers on your desk. Describe how the policy of Appeasement led to another World War. Discuss the U.S. foreign policy prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor. Explain the impact of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.