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Lesson #6 wwii

Lesson #6 wwii

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  • 1. Bell Ringer Activity Take FIVE minutes and write anything that you know about World War II. Can be anything from the effects of WWI through the end of WWII.  Example: Hitler invaded Poland which caused Britain and France to declare war on Germany.
  • 2. Share Bell Ringer Answers Only share one example per student.
  • 3. OGT Buckle Down Lesson 6 World War II
  • 4. March 1938 Hitlermarched into Austria and took over the nation.  Violation of the Treaty of Versailles. European countries did not resist it.
  • 5. Appeasement European countries did not resist Hitler because few have the desire to fight another war. Itwas better to give Hitler what he wanted in order to avoid another war.
  • 6. September 1938 Hitler took Sudetenland.  Britain, France, and Italy agreed to permit Hitler to take Sudetenland if he promised not to take the rest of Czechoslovakia. Sixmonths later, Hitler went back on his agreement and took the rest of Czechoslovakia.
  • 7. Appeasement was Clearly a Failure Hitler began looking towards Poland. Britain announced that it would defend Poland against a German invasion. September 1, 1939 Hitler launched a blitzkrieg.  Planes, tanks, artillery, and soldiers quickly broke through Poland’s defenses.  Two days later, Britain and France declared war on Germany.
  • 8. America-Early Stages of WWII Americansfollowed the crisis closely, but had no desire to get involved. Congress passed a series of Neutrality Acts that forbid the U.S. to sell weapons or give help to countries at war.
  • 9. Lend-Lease Act When Germany invaded France and threatened Britain, President Roosevelt passed the Lend-Lease Act.  This law allowed the U.S. to give American ships and supplies to Britain and the Soviet Union.  Roosevelt promised “all measures short of war” to help.
  • 10. Complete Quick Review 1 NOW!
  • 11. The U.S. Enters the War Duringthe 1930s Japan had moved to increase its power in Asia.  Fighting a war against China. Japanese supported Germany and took over French and Dutch territories in Asia. This U.S. cut off sales of oil and scrap metal to the Japanese and began sending warships into Asian waters.
  • 12. Japanese-U.S. Relations The two countries tried to make a deal. The Japanese were planning a secret attack on the Americans. December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor.  Killed 2,500 Americans.  8 battleships were sunk.  188 airplanes were destroyed.
  • 13. U.S. Enters the War The next day Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan.  Germany and Italy immediately declared war on the United States. Thecountry that had tried to stay out of world affairs since 1918 would now fight another war on the opposite side of the world.
  • 14. Complete Quick Review 2 NOW!
  • 15. Effects of Pearl Harbor Winston Churchill wrote that on the night of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, he slept more soundly than he had in months. He knew that with the U.S. now involved in the war, the Allies would certainly win.  It would still take nearly four years of hard fighting to win the war.
  • 16. Germany-Two Front War In 1941, Hitler broke a nonaggression pact he had made with the Soviet Union.  Hitler sent a large part of his army to the eastern front to fight.  The Soviets suffered many defeats. Thelong Russian winters wore down the German troops, and the Soviet Union began pushing the Germans back across Europe.
  • 17. U.S. in the War TheU.S. first concentrated its efforts in the Pacific and in Italy. June6, 1944 D-Day. Huge army of Americans, British, and Canadian troops invaded German-occupied France.
  • 18. U.S. Meets the Russians Following D-day, for the next 10 months the Allied forces pushed the Germans back across Europe from the west. In the east the Soviet forces crushed the Germans as well. In the spring of 1945, American and Soviet troops shook hands along the Elbe River in Germany.  This signaled the end of the war in Europe.
  • 19. Complete Quick Review 3 NOW!
  • 20. War in the Pacific Alliesfought to push the Japanese back, one island at a time. By the summer of 1945 military planners were getting ready to invade Japan.  Many military planners believed it would take nearly one million soldiers to successfully invade Japan.
  • 21. Manhattan Project April1945 President Roosevelt died of a cerebral hemorrhage.  He had been President for 12 years. When Harry Truman took office he learned of a secret project.  This project was a race to build the most powerful weapon the world had ever seen– the atomic bomb.
  • 22. Decision to Drop the Bomb Truman ordered the new bomb to be dropped on Japan. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were the targets.  August6 and 9, 1945.  Hundreds of thousands died. The Japanese surrendered a few days later. End of WWII.
  • 23. American Justification Americans justified the atomic bombing by saying that it saved more lives than might have been lost from an invasion of Japan. Other Americans believed it was necessary to show the Soviet Union the power of the U.S.
  • 24. Complete Quick Review 4 NOW!
  • 25. Impact of the War 13 Million Soldiers died. 23 Million Soldiers were wounded. 75 Million People worldwide may have died. 1945Allied troops discovered concentration camps. 6 million Jews were killed.  5 million non-Aryan were killed.
  • 26. Nuremberg TrialsFollowing the war Allies rounded up the leaders of Germany and Japan and put them on trial. 17 Nazi leaders. 12 were sentenced to death. Japanese general Hideki Tojo. Ordered attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • 27. Russian-U.S. Relations Both countries emerged from WWII as the most powerful nations. Soviets refused to remove its armies from Eastern Europe after the war. An intense rivalry between groups of democratic and communist nations.  Led to the Cold War.
  • 28. The United Nations Allieswere determined to keep world peace. United Nations was formed to keep world peace.  United States, Soviet Union, Great Britain, France, and China all worked together to form the U.N. Japan was not admitted until 1953. Italy until 1955. Germany until 1973.
  • 29. Establishment of Israel Britain promised a new Jewish homeland.  Arabs in the region were not in favor of the new Jewish homeland. 1948 Israel was recognized by the United States.
  • 30. Complete the following questions and leave your answers on your desk. Describe how the policy of Appeasement led to another World War. Discuss the U.S. foreign policy prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor. Explain the impact of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.