This lesson will look at the reasons forWorld War I, as well as the events thatled the United States to enter the warand take a role in global politics.
I. World War I A. On June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was assassinated. 1. Archduke’s assassin wanted Bosnia to unite with the independent nation of Serbia.
B. The main causes ofWWI were; 1. Nationalism 2. Imperialism 3. Militarism and European Alliances.
C. Nationalism 1. The feeling of loyalty and pride people have for their country or for other people who share a common history, language, or culture. i. Examples; Czechs, Slovaks and Poles.
D. Imperialism 1. The colonies provided raw materials and markets for European manufacturing. 2. The desire to increase their empires led to competition and power struggles among European nations.
E. Militarism 1. Causes 2. Effects i. Nationalism in i. Led to a Europe. dangerous arms ii. Germany had the race. largest army in ii. Other nations in Europe. Europe iii. Britain had a strengthened strong navy. their own armies. iii. Germany will build up naval power.
F. European alliances 1. Prior to the war, European nations had entered into a network of alliances to further increase their power. 2. Countries would come to their alliances aid if that country is under attack. i. Many of these agreements were kept secret, which meant that a country might not be able to guess the consequences of its action.
Alliances3. Central Powers 4. Alliesi. Austria-Hungary i. Great Britainii. Germany ii. Franceiii. Bulgaria iii. Russiaiv. Ottoman Empire
II. The U.S. Enters theWar A. U.S. 1. Woodrow Wilson attempted to keep the United States neutral. 2. The U.S. sold large quantities of food and war goods to both sides of the war. $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
3. The British seized cargoes bound for non Allied Nations.4. Germany used the submarine to attack and sink American ships without warning. i. Lusitania- 128 American died.
B. What will eventuallydraw the U.S. into thewar? 1. Zimmerman note- The note revealed Germany’s offer to help Mexico take back Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona if the U.S. enters the war. i. Important because the U.S. would have to defend its southwest border. 2. At Wilson’s request Congress declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917.
C. Negotiations forPeace 1. November 1918- U.S., British, and French forced Germany to end the war. 2. Peace conference was held at Versailles. i. U.S. wanted to end Imperialism throughout the world. ii. European countries had other plans. iii. They carved up territories that belonged to the losers.
D. Treaty of Versailles 1. German colonies in Africa and Asia were handed over. 2. Poland gained its independence. 3. Russia signed its own peace treaty with Germany. i. Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania were established.
4. Austria-Hungary was divided into smaller parts. i. Austria and Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.4. Ottoman Empire was broken up.5. Germany had to pay reparations and was forced to disarm and prohibited from rebuilding its military.
E. Wilson’s League ofNations 1. League of Nations would handle international disputes. 2. Americans believed the League would entangle the U.S. in world conflicts. 3. Without the U.S. the League would not be a success.