Chapter 1 Section 2
The Geographer’s Tools
Place and Terms
Geographers use two and three-
dimensional tools to learn about
Geographers use computer
assisted technology to study the
use of the earth’s surface.
a three dimensional representation of the
Problem- Only one half of the world can be seen
at any time.
two-dimensional graphic representations
of selected parts of the earth’s surface.
drawn to scale
distortion can occur
A person who makes maps.
Can reduce distortion but using different
types of map projections.
A way of drawing the earth’s surface that
reduces distortion caused by presenting a
round earth on flat paper.
a type of map that represents natural and
man-made features on the earth.
Thematic maps emphasize specific kinds
of information, such as climate or
A series of satellites that orbit more than
100 miles above the Earth. Each time a
satellite makes an orbit, it picks up data in
an 115 miles wide. The Landsat can scan
the entire Earth in 16 days.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-
A digital database that has the ability to
combine information from a variety of
sources and display it in ways that allow
the user to visualize the use of space in
This could include maps, aerial
photographs, satellite images, or other