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# Principles

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• Day 4
• ### Principles

1. 1. Elements of Design The elements of design are the seven basic building blocks of art & design.  Without these building blocks the principles are meaningless.  Think of them as “Legos:” parts, pieces or elements of something bigger or whole. We use directions and rules to make something.
2. 2. Principles of Design The basic rules of aesthetics that guide in the organization of elements in a work of art.  Without these directions the elements are meaningless.  Think of them as “Legos Directions:” Rules or steps to utilize many different, similar and identical elements to create a meaningful, cohesive and understandable piece of artwork.
3. 3. Design Elements Design Principles LINE SHAPE COLOR VALUE TEXTURE SPACE FORM BALANCE VARIETY MOVEMENT CONTRAST EMPHASIS PROPORTION UNITY
4. 4. Balance An appearance of evenness in an artwork. There are two kinds: Symmetry & Asymmetry
5. 5. Principle of Balance An appearance of evenness in an artwork. This is an example of symmetrical balance in which the design is the same on both sides of the center axis. This is an example of asymmetrical balance because the object is not the same on both sides.
6. 6. Vertical symmetry
7. 7. Horizontal symmetry
9. 9. Asymmetrical
10. 10. Principle of Balance 1. Add definition for: Symmetry 2. In the first box Draw 1 example of Vertical Symmetry. Symmetry An appearance of evenness in an artwork. There are two kinds: Symmetry & Asymmetry
11. 11. Principle of Balance 1. Add definition for: Vertical Symmetry 2. In the first box Draw 1 example of Vertical Symmetry. Vertical Symmetry A composition with identical or similar elements arranged on both the right and left halves of an image.
12. 12. Principle of Balance 1. Add definition for: Horizontal Symmetry 2. In the first box Draw 1 example of Horizontal Symmetry. Horizontal Symmetry A composition with identical or similar elements arranged on both the top and bottom halves of an image.
13. 13. Principle of Balance 1. Add definition for: Radial Symmetry 2. In the first box Draw 1 example of Radial Symmetry. Radial Symmetry A composition with a center point from which the arrangement of elements radiate around in a circular format.
14. 14. Principle of Balance Add definition for: Radial Symmetry 2. Draw 1 example of Asymmetry in the 4th box. 1. Asymmetry A composition with a heavy and light amount of elements. Asymmetry uses disorder to create balance.
15. 15. Contrast A large difference between elements. Green and Red, dark and light, large and small, thin and thick, bright and dull. Contrast refers to differences in values, colors textures, shapes and other elements.
16. 16. Principle of Contrast Add definition for: Contrast 2. Draw an example of: Contrast in color in the 1st box. 3. Draw an example of: Contrast in shape in the 2nd box. 4. Draw an example of: Contrast in size in the 3rd box. 1. Contrast A large difference between elements.
17. 17. Principle of Emphasis Emphasis is when an artist draws attention to one or more areas of an artwork. Areas of dominance or interest become a focus. Contrast is a very effective way to create emphasis.
18. 18. Principle of Emphasis Add definition for: Emphasis 2. Draw an arrow pointing to: The Emphasis in all 4 boxes using a colored pencil. 1. Emphasis Emphasis is when an artist draws attention to one or more areas of an artwork.
19. 19. Principle of Movement The path the viewer’s eye is directed to take by the artist’s choice of elements such as line. M.C. Escher
20. 20. Principle of Movement Add definition for: Movement 2. Draw the line of visual Movement in all 4 boxes using a colored pencil. 1. Movement The path the viewer’s eye is directed to take by the artist’s choice of elements such as line.
21. 21. Principle of Variety Variety is a combination of small differences or changes that create interest in an artwork. Variety can create Rhythm & Pattern by repeating similar or identical elements like: colors shapes, lines, values, forms, spaces, and textures.
22. 22. Principle of Variety Add definition for: Variety 2. Draw an example of: Variety in shape in the 1st box. 3. Draw an example of: Variety in color in the 2nd box. 4. Draw an example of: Variety in size in the 3rd box. 1. Variety A combination of small differences or changes that create interest in an artwork.
23. 23. Principle of Proportion The relationship of size in artwork compared to how it would be viewed in reality.
24. 24. Principle of Proportion Add definition for: Proportion 2. Draw 1 example of: “Out of Proportion” using a flower and a building in the 1st box. 3. Draw 1 example of: “Out of Proportion” using one figure in the 2nd box and remember no stick figures! 4. Draw 2 examples of: “In Proportion” in your own way in the 3rd and 4th box. 1. Proportion The relationship of size in an artwork compared to how it would be viewed in reality.
25. 25. Principle of Unity A sense that all of the elements belong together as one piece of artwork. All the principles work together to create unity and therefore a successful design. Salvador Dali Andy Warhol
26. 26. Principle of Unity Add definition for: Unity 2. Write: What do you think makes “Unity” in an artwork? 1. Unity A sense that all of the elements belong together as one piece of artwork.