The Elements of Art The building blocks or ingredients of art.
LINE Pablo PicassoA mark with length and direction. A continuousmark made on a surface by a moving point.
LineContour lines- outline the edges of forms or shapesGestural lines- indicate action and physical movement
COLOR Consists of Hue (another word for color), Intensity (brightness) and Value (lightness or darkness).Henri Matisse Alexander Calder
ColorColor has three properties:1. The first is HUE.(this is the name of the colors)2. The second property of color is value, which refers to the lightness or darkness of a hue.3. The third property of color is intensity, which refers to the purity of the hue (called “chroma”)
Neutral Colors These colors are made by adding acomplimentary color (opposite on the colorwheel) to a hue. Neutralized hues are calledtones.
Tints and Shades Tints-adding the color white.
Warm and Cool Colors
VALUE The lightness or darkness of a color.MC Escher Pablo Picasso
VALUEHigh Range in Value Low Range in Value
SHAPEAn enclosed area defined and determined Joanby other art elements; 2-dimensional. Miro
ShapeSHAPES CAN BE DESCRIBED AS:GEOMETRICsquare, triangle, rectangle, rhombus, circle, cone ORGANIC free form shapes, shapes in nature for example: leaves, trees, clouds, animals
Organic vs. Geometric
FORM A 3-dimensional object; or something in a 2- dimensional artwork that appears to be 3- dimensional. For example, a triangle, which is 2-dimensional, is a shape, but a pyramid, which is 3-dimensional, is a form.Jean Arp Lucien Freud
FORMForm can be 2-d Form can be 3-d
SPACE The distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things. Robert MapplethorpeClaude Monet Positive (filled with Foreground, Middleground and something) and Negative Background (creates DEPTH) (empty areas)
Space Space is being created how?How is space being altered?
TEXTUREThe surface quality or "feel" of an object, itssmoothness, roughness, softness, etc. Textures maybe actual or implied.
TextureImplied texture – texture that has beensimulated in drawing and painting on a Actual texture – texture that you can feelsmooth surface with your sense of touch
The Principles of Design What we use to organize the Elements of Art, or the tools to make art.
BALANCE The way the elements are arranged toAlexander Calder create a feeling of stability in a work.
Symmetrical Balance The parts of an image are organized so that one side mirrors the other.Leonardo DaVinci
Asymmetrical BalanceWhen one side of a composition doesnot reflect the design of the other. James Whistler
EMPHASIS The focal point of an image, or when one area or thing stand out the most.Jim Dine Gustav Klimt
EMPHASISCAN BE CREATED THROUGH THE USE OF MANYDIFFERENT ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES LIKE… CONTRAST PROPORTI ON COLOR
CONTRAST Salvador DaliAnsel Adams A large difference between two things to create interest and tension.
CONTRAST…with color …with proportion/scale
RHYTHM RHYTHMA regular repetitionof elements to RHYTHMproduce the look and RHYTHMfeel of movement. RHYTHM RHYTHM and Marcel MOVEMENT Duchamp
RHYTHM and MOVEMENTIT CAN BE QUICKAND FAST “TEMPO”
RHYTHM and MOVEMENT…OR SLOWER ANDMORE MELODIC
PATTERN and Repetition Gustav KlimtRepetition of a design.
UNITYWhen all theelements andprincipleswork togetherto create apleasingimage. Johannes Vermeer
The use of differences and change to increase the visual interest of the work. VA R IET YMarc Chagall
PROPORTIO NThe comparativerelationship ofone part toanother withrespect to size,quantity, ordegree; SCALE. Gustave Caillebotte