Eurotreatyofversailles
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Eurotreatyofversailles

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Eurotreatyofversailles Eurotreatyofversailles Presentation Transcript

  • VERSAILLES TREATY THE PEACE TO END ALL PEACE
  • COUNCIL OF FOUR
  • DAVID LLOYD GEORGE LIBERAL WELSH POLITICIAN SERVING IN A COALITION GOVERNMENT WANTED TO PUNISH GERMANY ECONOMICALLY AND POLITICALLY, BUT NOT AS MUCH AS THE FRENCH DEMANDED SAID OF BEING WITH WILSON AND CLEMENCEAU,, “I WAS SEATED BETWEEN JESUS CHRIST AND NAPOLEON!”
  • GEORGES CLEMENCEAU NICKNAMED “LE TIGRE”, FORMER NEWSPAPER EDITOR AND P.M. BEFORE THE WAR HOSTED THE PEACE CONFERENCE CALLED FOR ECONOMIC AND GEOGRAPHIC CRIPPLING OF GERMANY AND RETURN OF ALSACE AND LORRAINE SURVIVED AN ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT DURING THE CONFERENCE WANTED OWNERSHIP OF GERMAN COAL MINES AND FACTORY REGIONS SAID OF WILSON’S FOURTEEN POINTS “EVEN GOD HAD ONLY 10 COMMANDMENTS. WE SHOULD NOT TRY TO IMPROVE THEM”
  • WOODROW WILSON PRESBYTERIAN FROM VIRGINIA FORMER PRESIDENT OF PRINCETON AND GOVERNOR OF NEW JERSEY ONLY WON PRESIDENCY AFTER REPUBLICANS SPLIT THEIR VOTES BETWEEN TEDDY ROOSEVELT AND W.H. TAFT REFUSED TO NEGOTIATE WITH A MONARCHY, SO KAISER WILHELM DEPOSED AND A DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT ELECTED IN GERMANY
  • FOURTEEN POINTS 1. OPEN DIPLOMACY 2. FREEDOM OF THE SEAS PEACE WITHOUT VICTORY 3. FREEDOM OF TRADE 4. REDUCTION OF ARMS INTRODUCED 10 MONTHS 5. COLONIAL READJUSTMENT BEFORE THE END OF THE WAR BASED ON THE NEEDS AND RIGHTS OF THE COLONIAL INHABITANTS IT THEIR DEFENSE, WILSON 6. RENEGOTIATING OF RUSSIAN BECAME FIRST PRESIDENT PEACE 7. RESTORATION OF BELGIUM EVER TO TRAVEL TO EUROPE 8. FRANCE RESTORED, A.-L. 9. ITALIAN BORDERS ON CULTURE OPPOSITION: BRITISH WANTED 10. AUTONOMY FOR A.-H. THE SEAS, FRENCH WANTED 11. BALKANS ON CULTURE REPARATIONS 12. OTTOMAN BASED ON CULTURE 13. NEW POLAND WON THE NOBEL PRIZE 14. LEAGUE OF NATIONS
  • VITTORIO ORLANDO SICILIAN LIBERAL P.M. OF ITALY FROM 1892-1921 HAD MAFIA LINKS LAW PROFESSOR AND AUTHOR ITALY HAD JOINED ENTENTE IN 1915 AFTER TREATY OF LONDON, WHICH PROMISED ITALY HUGE TERRITORIAL GAINS IN AUSTRIA, CROATIA, ALBANIA, AND ASIAN AND AFRICAN COLONIES OF GERMANY AND AUSTRIA WILSON DENIED THESE CLAIMS
  • ARTICLE 227-230, ARTICLE 231 KAISER WILHELM AND OTHER WAR LEADERS WOULD BE TRIED AS WAR CRIMINALS FOR OFFENSES AGAINST THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY “THE ALLIED AND ASSOCIATED GOVERNMENTS CONFIRM AND GERMANY ACCEPTS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF GERMANY AND HER ALLIES FOR CAUSING ALL THE LOSS AND DAMAGE TO WHICH THE ALLIED AND ASSOCIATED GOVERNMENTS AND THEIR NATIONALS HAVE BEEN SUBJECTED AS A CONSEQUENCE OF THE WAR IMPOSED UPON THEM BY THE AGGRESSION OF GERMANY AND HER ALLIES.”
  • TERRITORIAL ADJUSTMENTS SCHLESWIG TO DENMARK ALSACE-LORRAINE TO FRANCE GERMAN TERRITORY TO POLAND DANZIG AS A FREE CITY CZECHOSLOVAKIA RECOGNIZED YUGOSLAVIA RECOGNIZED CITIES TO BELGIUM
  • SHANGDONG CHINA SENT 140,000 LABORERS TO WORK FOR ENTENTE POWERS IN EXCHANGE FOR GERMAN COLONIES IN CHINA BEING RETURNED TO CHINA AND NO MORE EXTRATERRITORIALITY JAPAN ALSO FOUGHT MORE FOR ENTENTE, BUT MORE DIRECTLY, AND CONQUERED SHANGDONG (GERMAN TERRITORY IN CHINA) FROM THE GERMANS ARTICLE 156 GAVE SHANGDONG TO JAPAN AS PAYMENT FOR THEIR WAR EFFORTS
  • REPARATIONS MEANT TO REPAY FOR STRUCTURAL DAMAGE TO FRANCE AND BELGIUM MORE THAN FOR LIVES OF SOLDIERS AND PENSIONS ORIGINALLY TOTALED ABOUT $400 BILLION IN TODAY’S MONEY, WOULD HAVE TAKEN FROM 1921-1984 TO PAY AMOUNT CUT IN HALF IN LATE 1921 JOHN MAYNARD KEYNES, BRITISH FINANCIAL ADVISOR AT THE CONFERENCE, RESIGNED IN DISGUST AND WROTE “THE ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF THE PEACE” IN 1919.
  • JOHN MAYNARD KEYNES, BRITISH FINANCIAL ADVISOR AT THE CONFERENCE, RESIGNED IN DISGUST AND WROTE “THE ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF THE PEACE” IN 1919.
  • OCCUPATION AND LIMITATIONS RHINELAND TO BE PERMANENTLY DEMILITARIZED AND OCCUPIED BY ALLIES UNTIL 1935 SAARLAND TO BE UNDER FRENCH CONTROL UNTIL 1935 NO CONSCRIPTION AND ARMY UNDER 100,000 NO MORE THAN 6 BATTLESHIPS, AND FEW SMALL SHIPS NO WEAPONS MANUFACTURING OR PURCHASING TANKS, U-BOATS, MILITARY AIRCRAFT PROHIBITED
  • RHINELAND AND SAAR
  • ALLIED REACTION FRENCH GENERAL FOCH: “THIS IS NOT PEACE. IT IS AN ARMISTICE FOR TWENTY YEARS.” U.S. SENATE REJECTED THE TREATY AND GENERALLY RESUMED AN ISOLATIONIST STAND OVER TIME, BRITISH POLITICAL LEADERS FELT GUILTY FOR THE SEEMINGLY HARSH TERMS AND ALLOWED GERMAN VIOLATIONS IN 1932, 1935, 1936 AND 1938 TO GO UNPUNISHED THE FRENCH, HOWEVER, OBJECTED STRONGLY
  • FOCH AND H.C. LODGE
  • GERMAN REACTION THE FIRST POST-WAR DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT OF GERMANY RESIGNED RATHER THAN SIGN THE TREATY THE SECOND GOVERNMENT SIGNED THE TREATY AND RATIFIED IT IN JULY 1919 MOST GERMANS HATED THE TREATY AND THOSE POLITICAL LEADERS WHO ACCEPTED IT WERE VIEWED AS TRAITORS WHO “STABBED GERMANY IN THE BACK”
  • JEWISH RESPONSE TO STAB IN THE BACK ALLEGATIONS
  • LUCKILY..... NOTHING EVER CAME OF IT AND THE WORLD HAS SEEN PEACE LOVE AND HARMONY EVER SINCE!