Problems in healthcare edit

622 views
514 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
622
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Penchansky, R., & Thomas, J.W. (1981). The concepts of access: Definition and relationships to consumer satisfaction. Pub Med, 19(2), 127-140
  • Global Health Progress. (2012). The issues: Access to care. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://www.globalhealthprogress.org/issues/access to care
  • United Nations. (2012). Millennium development goals. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/bkgd.shtml
  • United Nations. (2012). Millennium development goals. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/bkgd.shtml
  • Global Health Progress. (2012). The issues: Access to care. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://www.globalhealthprogress.org/issues/access to care
  • Problems in healthcare edit

    1. 1. PROBLEMS INHEALTHCAREEmily Moore,Hloniphani Juta& Jasmine Paul
    2. 2. Introduction Health care utilization can be appropriate or inappropriate, of high or low quality, expensive or inexpensive. Socially Economically Politically
    3. 3.  Hospital setting-Medication errors-Hospital acquired infections-Communication-Patient confidentiality-Incorrect use of equipment
    4. 4.  Community based environment-Access to health care-Effective delivery of services-Costs-Social gradient
    5. 5. 5Medication Errors Patient safety is a central concern of health care delivery system. Important indicator of health care quality. 1.5 million preventable medication error each year in the USA. Injuries due to errors in medication prescribing, dispensing and administration are preventable.
    6. 6. 6 TYPES OF MEDICATION ERRORS TYPE DEFINTIONPrescribing Incorrect drug selection, illegibleerror prescriptionOmission error Failure to administer the drugWrong time Administration of medicine beforeerror predefined timeUnauthorised Administration of medicine notdrug error authorised by a legitimate prescriber.Improper Administering drug greater or lesserdose error dose than ordered dose. DR. L. RAJESWARAN
    7. 7. 7 TYPES OF MEDICATION ERRORS TYPE DEFINTIONPrescribing Incorrect drug selection, illegibleerror prescriptionOmission error Failure to administer the drugWrong time Administration of medicine beforeerror predefined timeUnauthorised Administration of medicine notdrug error authorised by a legitimate prescriber.Improper Administering drug greater or lesserdose error dose than ordered dose.
    8. 8. 8 TYPES OF MEDICATION ERRORS TYPE DEFINITIONWrong dose Administration to the patient of a different product in aform error different dosageWrong drug Drug product incorrectly formulated or manipulatedpreparationWrong Inappropriate or improper technique in theadministration- administrationtechniqueerrorDeteriorated Administration of a drug that has been expireddrug errorMonitoring Failure to review a prescribed regimen forerror appropriateness & detection of problemsCompliance Inappropriate patient behaviour regarding adherence.error
    9. 9. RECOMMENDATIONS FORPREVENTING MEDICATIONERRORS Organizational recommendations recommendations for nurses Recommendations for prescribers
    10. 10. Access to Healthcare:Definition The ability to receive healthcare services, both by obtaining available persons and supplies, and paying expenses of the services. Access refers to both entry and use
    11. 11. Core Issues With Access to Healthcare  2. Ability to pay 1.Ability to obtain expenses care/treatment  Lack of health  Simple: sterile insurance dressing kit, vaccines  Living in poverty  Complex: cardiologist, MRI machine
    12. 12. Core Issues: FactsInability to obtain care/treatment Approximately 9 million children die each year before they turn 5 years of age due to infectious diseases  Inability to obtain immunizations and proper treatment unnecessary deaths
    13. 13. Core Issues: FactsInability to pay expenses Approximately 69 million school-aged children are not in school, mostly in Sub-Saharan Africa (31 million) and Southern Asia (8 million)  Lack of education lack of a stable career/inability to make healthy life choices increased need for the healthcare system, with little money to utilize services
    14. 14. Why is this Problem Important? When access to healthcare is compromised, it can lead to millions of unnecessary deaths such as Tuberculosis and Malaria, that can be easily prevented with the use of existing medications.
    15. 15. 15REFERRENCES American Society of Hospital Pharmacists. Guidelines on preventing medication errors in hospitals. Retrieved April 4, 2012, from www.ashp.org Global Health Progress. (2012). The issues: Access to care. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://www.globalhealthprogress.org/issues/access to care Green, M. (2002). The economics of health care. Retrieved April 4, 2012, from http://www.oheschools.org/ohech1pg1.html Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organization (JCAHO). Retrieved April 4, 2012, from www.joincommission.org Penchansky, R., & Thomas, J.W. (1981). The concepts of access: Definition and relationships to consumer satisfaction. Pub Med, 19(2), 127-140 Shah, A. (2011). Health care around the world. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://www.globalissues.org/article/774/health-care-around-the-world Swedish Health Care. (2012). Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://www.sweden.se/eng/Home/Society/Health-care/ United Nations. (2012). Millennium development goals. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/bkgd.shtml United States Department of Health and Human Services. (2004). Health care in America: Trends in utilization. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/misc/healthcare.pdf
    16. 16. Search Strategies We brainstormed the fundamental issues we felt were the biggest problems in healthcare. We listed these and to support our claims we sought out scholarly journals and non-governmental websites such as United Nations and the World Health Organization. The two most prevalent issues through our research was medication errors and access to healthcare We used databases such as Pub Med, CINAHL, and Google Scholar In order to reach a comprehensive synthesis on our two issues, we collaborated and divided our topics into subtopics: facts, specific types of issues within the problem itself, and how and why the problems are important to understand
    17. 17. Collaboration Process We divided the topics democratically by individually choosing which problems we wanted to focus on in our presentation. For instance, Emily was delegated the position of providing the introduction, Juta researched the issue of medication errors, and Jasmine researched access to healthcare We worked individually on our chosen issues and came together twice to combine our ideas and power point presentations, as well as edited the presentation together To select the presenter, we discussed who felt most comfortable as this is a new course with individuals from different backgrounds and experience. We all felt comfortable and so we made a vote

    ×